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bw apo resume Has 12+ years of experience in developing and managing software applications. This includes 6 years in SAP R/3 (including IS-Retail), about 2 years in SAP APO and 6+ years in IBM mainframe environment. My SAP Supply Chain Management experience has covered all aspects of thesis implementing SAP in Manufacturing, Distribution and Retail organizations. My involvement has covered the apa citations in an analysis, design, modeling, development and thesis implementing of SAP applications. Apa Citations! My skills in SAP APO are Integration Model, Core Data Interface (CIF), LiveCache, Demand Planning (DP) and Supply Network Planning (SNP), Global Available to Promise (GATP), Backorder Processing (BOP) and Business Information Warehouse (BW). I have working knowledge of m phil all aspects of Integration of Master Data and Transactional Data, Dynamic Availability Checking on the basis of ATP (available to generator promise), Product Allocations, Copying Product Allocations and Characteristic Value Combinations (CVC), Planning Areas, Planning Books and Master Planning Object Structures, prototyping of Capable to Match (CTM) and SNP planning scenarios and DP forecasting.
I also created BAPI?s for Transportation Lane, Programs for Mass ATP Check (to substitute BOP), CIF monitoring, BOP dynamic variant creation and CVC report mass deletion. M Phil! My skills in sheridan-baker thesis, SAP R/3 in are Sales Distribution (SD), Materials Management (MM), Warehouse Management (WM) and Finance and Costing (FI/CO) areas. I have covered all aspects of Sales Order Processing, Availability Checking, Pricing, Output Determination, Purchase Orders, Purchase Requisitions, Info Records, Stock Transport Orders, Outbound and Inbound Deliveries, and Transportation Scheduling, Picking and Packing, Bill Goods Issues and thesis Goods Receipts, Invoicing and sheridan-baker Billing, Inventory Management and Warehouse Management, Equipment, Serial Number and Handling Unit Management, Transfer Orders and Print Programs. My SAP ABAP/4 technical skills include the m phil thesis design, development and debugging of ABAP Programs (Dialog Programming, Standard and Interactive Reports), ALV Reporting, SAPScript, Menu Painter and Screen Painter, ALE, EDI and IDOC configurations, Custom IDOC development, Workflow configurations and development, RFC and BAPI Development, User Exit and Field Exit Development, Dialog Programming, Interfacing Data with external systems, Data conversions, Programming using BDC, ABAP/4 Workbench, Data Dictionary and Batch Job management. Prior to SAP, I worked in IBM mainframe area, designing and developing applications using DB2, CICS, VSAM, IMS-DB/DC, QMF, SPUFI, TSO/ISPF, JCL, SDFII, GTB, INTERTEST, DMS, BTS, WS-FTP, DTL, COBOL, C, DYL280, CLIST and REXX. Over the past 12 years I have been involved as a project manager, team lead, system analyst and essay first mentoring new developer team members.
American Honda Motors, Torrance, CA. The Home Depot, Atlanta, GA. Kimball International, Jasper, IN. American Express TRS, Sydney, Australia. IBM Labs, Gaithersburg, MD and IBM, Bethesda, MD.
Software Associate, Cranium Consulting LLC/ISAP group Inc, March 2001 to current. IT Systems Engineer, Motorola, November 2000 to February 2001. SAP Technical Consultant, Emplifi/iGate Capital/Mastech, May 1994 to November 2000. Project Leader, Systems Analyst and Programmer, Tata Consultancy Services, February 1990 to April 1994. Masters Degree in m phil, Engineering from IIT, Kharagpur, India (January 1990) Bachelors Degree in Engineering from JNTU, Kakinada, India (August 1988) American Honda Motors, Torrance, CA, USA#9;#9; March 2001 to Current (SAP R/3 and APO Implementation) Configuration of Core Data Interfaces (CIF and Integration Models) Special reports to monitor and processing of CIF (restart, registration programs) LiveCache Monitoring and Reporting. Global ATP Processing and Backorder Processing, Programs for Mass ATP Check and Dynamic BOP variant creation. Reports to validate GATP and BOP processing (Before and After) Product Allocations and Characteristic Value Combinations.
Configuration of DP and SNP, Prototyping Capable to letter Match (CTM) and thesis Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) Design of Global Logistics Operation interfaces with Factories. Designing interface architecture, coding programs to support the interface architecture, Code reviews and Performance tuning. Developing functional specifications, testing scenarios for SD, MM, WM FI interfaces. Design, Documentation and coding of WM related interfaces: Goods Receipts upload and downloads, Warehouse Staging and Warehouse Relocation. Print (SAPScript) programs for Printing of sentence generator Bill of m phil Lading, Master Bill of Lading, Crate Cards and Shipping Labels. Dialog Programs for maintaining Crate Cards/Labels, Staging and Bill of Lading data, Online staging, Online relocation, Warehouse workbench and first Creation of automatic inbound deliveries from PGI of outbound deliveries for plant to m phil plant transfers. Field Exits and User Exits for Handling Unit Validations, Delivery creation and change, Material Master custom fields enhancements, Sales Order creation and change processing. Of Scotland Papers! Various Data extract and m phil interface programs in resume subject, SD, MM, WM and FI areas. Post Go-Live support and mentoring of thesis new developers. November 2000 to February 2001 (APO 3.0 Implementation) Setting up ALE configurations between APO, BW and of scotland research Mercator.
Mentoring and guiding developers in ABAP, ALE, BAPI and CTS areas. Core Data Interface (between APO and SAP R/3) Analysis. Thesis! Establishing development standards and guidelines. In An Essay! Development of BAPI for m phil Transportation Lane. The Home Depot, Atlanta, USA#9;#9;#9; Marc h 2000 to November 2000 (IS-Retail Implementation -International Stores) Creation of custom Promotion programs to replace SAP standard promotion transactions and creating outbound IDoc for promotions.
New PO Copy functionality that includes custom screen development and BAPI?s. User Exit development for a) Purchase Order editing saving, b) Goods Movements, c) Logistics Invoice Verification, d) Sales Order processing with screen modifications, e) Billing Document Processing and f) POS inbound IDoc processing. Creating new withholding tax functionality (for Argentina) using SD. Principles! This includes using most of the user exits in Sales Order, Billing Documents Logistics Invoice Verification processing, Development of additional screens in Sales Order and workflow programming to trigger the required tasks and function modules. Custom Document flow program to tie the documents in MM, SD FI. M Phil Thesis! Development of reports a) Purchase Orders, Schedules and Goods Movements, b) Vendor Worksheet, c) Price Change Worksheet, and d) Moving Average Report. Rebates processing for documents created in SD FI. Report Development using ALV and BAPI?s.
August 1998 to March 2000 (IS-Retail Implementation) Created Development Standards Guidelines, File Naming Standards, Interface Development Standards and bank of scotland Batch Job Standards. Development of utility programs, function modules and m phil tools. Performance tuning of custom programs. Batch job scheduling tools for high volume data processing. Analysis and design of Merchandise related interfaces and data conversions.
Article Master customization to develop new screens and new features to eliminate SAP standard characteristic functionality. Development of complex and multi-step processing interfaces a) Fish Order Live Animals interface, b) Distribution Center to Store transfer, c) Site and Vendor Master data, e) Expense to Accounts, f) Return to Vendor (RTV), g) SAP Price data to advertising and h) Store to Store transfers. Extensive ABAP report/program development using of BAPI?s, BDC?s and User Exits. Invoice Verification Invoice Matching programs and sheridan-baker thesis Reports in FI/CO. ALE/EDI-IDOC configurations Custom segments creation for Purchase Order IDoc. July 1996 to m phil thesis August 1998 (SAP Implementation) Analysis, Design and Development of data extract programs from the Legacy system re-design and enhance legacy applications for SAP implementation. Analysis, Design and Development of Interfaces to Legacy system. Development of BDC programs for a) Vendor Creation, b) Material Prices Creation, c) Change Delivery Document with pick confirmation and d) Changing Shipment General Header Data. Heuristic Principles! Development of m phil outbound interfaces to support a) Product ID serialization, b) SAP sales history download, c) Trends interface with open order information, d) Trip and academy definition thinking Opportunity funds interface with sales information and e) Activity Based Costing interface with product, material and customer information. SAPScript customizations to Invoice Print program RVADIN01 and layout set and Order Acknowledgment print program RVADOR01 and layout set.
Development of showroom inventory processing functionality which includes BDC programs to a) Relieve inventory for showrooms, b) Receive inventory into in-transit location, c) Receipt of inventory from in-transit location and m phil thesis d) Reports that include Showroom movements in and out, Showroom inventory report and Showroom open order reports. Principles! Development of m phil thesis ABAP reports and utility programs and of scotland research performance tuning of custom programs. M Phil! Selection of 3 rd party bar code vendors to Wave 1.5 goods movement interfaces using Bar-coding and IDocs. Kimball International, Jasper, USA. May 1994 to July 1996 (Development of various applications) Worked on several projects and applications including. Product Identification System Phases III, IV and V. Quality Tracking System.
Competitive Discount Authorization System. ARTEC Scheduling System. Bonus and IS Focus System. Enhancements to Order Entry, Shipping and Allocation Systems. Trip and Opportunity Funds Programs. First Generator! Automated several processes, developed interfaces to m phil new and existing applications. Coordinated and led various projects in going through full life cycle of each and every application at Kimball. All applications are developed on IBM ES/9000 using VS COBOL II, OS/VS COBOL, DYL 280, CLIST and REXX with CICS, DB2, IMS/DB and GTB. Bank! My responsibilities include, Analysis, Design, Development, testing and thesis implementation of the email resume subject various applications.
Maintenance/Enhancements to existing applications and Interfaces development. M Phil Thesis! June 1993 to April 1994 (Application Maintenance Tools) The Application Management Tools (AMT) are developed to maintain about 500 applications of Shell Oil. Email Resume Cover! These set of tools scan the source programs and produce the cross-reference relations between subjects and categories. This information is loaded into CASEPAC (CASE tool) and/or AMT repository. The tools are developed to scan the source code of COBOL, MARK IV and JCL languages. VS-COBOL II, C and REXX are used with DB2, VSAM and DMS on IBM 3090. My responsibilities include, Analysis, Design and Development of the tools.
Testing and m phil thesis Implementation. December 1992 to May 1993 ( SWAP 4.0) System for Worldwide Application Processing (SWAP) 4.0 is the product used to process the credit card applications (on-line and batch) by American Express. Gerstell Of Critical Thinking! SWAP 4.0 is an enhancement to SWAP 3.0 to add the following features. A) Mono-sourcing B) Centralized database and m phil C) build standardized interfaces to external systems. The system is email resume cover letter developed on IBM 3090 using IMS DB/DC and VS COBOL II. My responsibilities include, Analysis and design of the enhancements. Development of MPP's, BMP's and batch programs. Testing and Implementation. June 1991 to November 1992 (Image and ImagePlus) Image and ImagePlus (next version of Image) are office automation products designed to m phil thesis eliminate paper movement in the offices. The product has ability to capture, store, retrieve, display, distribute and print the academy definition of critical captured information. Image 1.2 is developed using OS/VS COBOL in CICS, IMS DB/DC environments.
ImagePlus 2.1 is developed using VS COBOL II with National Language Support (NLS) features. SDF II is used to develop the screens and REXX is used to m phil thesis develop utilities for automating the NLS process. My responsibilities include, Development, Testing Implementation of in an online application programs. National Language Support (NLS) Development of tools to support NLS. Product Support, Enhancements and m phil thesis Maintenance. Essay First! February 1990 to May 1991 (CBAM) Center for Business Administration Manager (CBAM) is a software package developed to bill the customers for using the installation resources according to their usage. Each resource is thesis associated to a billing unit. Of Critical! The billing cost varies depending on the billing periods and holidays. The product can simulate and forecast future resources. CBAM is m phil thesis developed in three layers.
Application Layer interacts with Database Layer and Dialog Layer. The online screens are developed using Dialog Tag Language (DTL). ISPF/DMS services are used for displaying the thesis online panels/screens. The product is m phil developed on IBM 3090 using DMS, REXX, DB2 and C. My responsibilities include, Development of dialog layer programs and screens. Apa Citations In An Essay! Help Screens and Message Screens development. National Language Support. System Support Maintenance.
Additional Contact information is available on the Information Page. Copyright(c) 1995 - 2001 Venny Nuthalapati and Software Contractors' Guild, Post Office Box 257,Nottingham, NH USA 03290-0257.
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MPhil Thesis – Institute of Philosophy - KU Leuven
oedipus flaws essay Ed Friedlander MD. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. M Phil! This page was last modified December 7, 2011. If you are a student assigned to read Oedipus the King, and perhaps also to comment on Aristotle's ideas about tragedy and tragic flaws, this site will help you get started. Warning: This is NOT a family site, and Sophocles is NOT family entertainment. Oedipus the King is a monument to Sophocles's dramatic genius, and to the freedom of Athenian thought.
Sophocles himself served as an of scotland research papers army general. Two of his plays (Ajax and thesis Philoctetes) are performed today to help people understand post-traumatic stress disorder, suffered by good people who have undergone life's most horrible experiences. Oedipus the King develops a shocking -- perhaps even immoral -- idea about a human being's ultimate relationship to the universe. Whether Sophocles's idea is true, or whether he believed it, are for you to decide. Commentators on Sophocles, beginning with Aristotle, have tried to cover over the obvious. This explains the nonsense about tragic flaws and hybris. We don't know whether there was a historical Oedipus. Heuristic! Oedipus means swollen feet.
The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the m phil, British preserve the cover letter subject, initial o), while -pus is feet (hence octopus, the eight-footed animal.) Laius and m phil Jocasta were king and queen of Thebes, a town in Greece. One day, they had a baby boy. An oracle prophesied that the boy would grow up and kill his father and thesis marry his mother. To thwart the thesis, prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to kill their baby. In An Essay! In those days, it was usual to m phil thesis leave an unwanted or defective baby in the wilderness. Bank Papers! Laius and thesis Jocasta did this. To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and tied them together. Sentence Generator! (Don't worry about why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to guarantee the abandoned child's death. It may have been introduced to explain the hero's name.
It also helps later to confirm Oedipus's true identity.) A kindly shepherd found the baby. He gave the baby to m phil a friend, who took it to Corinth, another town. (Corinth reappears in the New Testament.) The king and queen of Corinth couldn't have a baby of their own. So they adopted the foundling. Nobody ever told little Oedipus that his mother was never pregnant. One day, after he had grown up, a drunk mentioned his being adopted. Sheridan-baker! Oedipus questioned his parents, but they denied it.
Oedipus visited various oracles to find out whether he was really adopted. M Phil Thesis! All the oracles told him instead that he would kill his father and marry his mother. (None of this makes much sense. Again, don't worry about it. This is a folk tale.) To thwart the oracles, Oedipus left Corinth permanently. (Again, don't worry. Yes, Oedipus should have considered that, since he might be adopted, any older man might be his father and of scotland any older woman his mother. But this is a folk tale.) Travelling the m phil, roads, Oedipus got into sheridan-baker thesis, a traffic squabble and thesis killed a stranger who (unknown to him) was King Laius. In one version, there was a dispute over right-of-way on essay a bridge. In those days, high rank got to m phil go first, Oedipus identified himself as heir to the throne of Corinth, and for some reason (again, don't worry about it) Laius's people simply attacked instead of explaining that he was king of Thebes.
Some versions say that the principles, rude Laius drove over Oedipus's sore foot, making him lose his temper. Soon Oedipus's smarts saved the town of thesis Thebes, and he was made king. (In a folk-tale within a folk-tale, Oedipus solved the Riddle of the Sphinx. What animal has four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and essay first sentence three legs in the evening? Of course the answer is a human being -- babies crawl and old folks use walking sticks.) Oedipus married Laius's widow, Queen Jocasta. He ruled well, and they had four children. Eventually, Oedipus and Jocasta found out m phil thesis what had really happened. (You must assume that accidentally killing your father and marrying your mother is a disaster.) Jocasta committed suicide, and principles Oedipus blinded himself and became a wandering beggar. In the version that must have been the favorite of Sophocles's Athenian audience, Oedipus found sanctuary at Colonus, outside of Athens. The kindness he was shown at the end made the city itself blessed. The moral of the folk tale?
Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed! In Iliad XXIII, we read about one Mecisteus, who went once to Thebes after the fall of Oedipus, to attend his funeral, and thesis he beat all the people of Cadmus, evidently at boxing (funeral games) which is the subject of the passage. In the Odyssey XI's catalogue of shades, We read, I also saw fair Epicaste mother of sheridan-baker king Oedipodes whose awful lot it was to marry her own son without suspecting it. He married her after having killed his father, but the m phil, gods proclaimed the whole story to bank of scotland the world; whereon he remained king of Thebes, in thesis great grief for gerstell definition of critical the spite the gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to the house of the mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for grief, and the avenging spirits haunted him as for an outraged mother -- to m phil his ruing bitterly thereafter. That's what Homer has to say about Oedipus.
I've been assured that Homer intended the passage to illustrate Oedipus's having the tragic flaw of sheridan-baker thesis pride. I can't see what kind of sense this makes. A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the moral of this story? Don't go to a fortune teller! Let life take its course. Your fate is already written and sealed. If you know all there is to know about your life, then why bother living?
You'll spend the rest of your life worrying about what's to come. Embrace life and m phil thesis its surprises. Oedipus Wrecked -- humor. Wonders why Oedipus allowed himself to be made to feel so stigmatized by a mixup that wasn't his fault. Moral of the story: Being a victim of gurus, society, and circumstances does not relieve one of the gerstell academy, responsibility of thinking for themselves. M Phil Thesis! It does make for a tragic hero, however. Sphinxes -- and a lot on the background of the sentence generator, story.
The author is with me on the hamartia business, below. Thanks for the sphinx. Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about predestination. If something was going to m phil thesis happen, it would happen and first there was nothing you could do about it. Why would anybody talk like this? 1. Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to be impressed) by the fulfillment of prophecies. In our own world, most predictions by supposed psychics simply don't come true. M Phil! But people want to believe in the supernatural, and people like to tell each other about the rare occasions when something happens that a psychic said would happen. So money-making psychics make lots of academy thinking predictions and keep them vague. People have such a strong desire to thesis believe in the power of of scotland research papers supernatural prediction that they even invent stories of psychic predictions being fulfilled. The most famous example (Nostradamus and the gray monk in thesis Varennes woods) continues to be told, even though the tale of Louis XVI being disguised as a monk when he was captured there is just a lie.
You'll need to decide for yourself whether prophecies of resume subject religionists (past or present) come true today, or have ever come true. Some Christians have taught that the Greek oracles were successful because they were diabolic, and that they went silent on the first Christmas (for example, Milton's Hymn on the Morning of Christ's Nativity). People want to m phil thesis believe in oracles. 2. Believing in predestination frees people from worry. Talking about unalterable destiny is email resume letter subject, extremely popular among soldiers going into battle -- a powerful antidote to obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior. Soldiers tell each other, If the bullet has your name on it, you will die. This seems to spur them on to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and warm camaraderie.
Talk about fate, predestination, and so forth has found its way into thesis, warriors' tales across many cultures. In the Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is fate). We also see this in academy definition of critical thinking peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway. For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in this. He could not believe that he was loved by God as His creation, or loved by God for the sake of thesis Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the Heuristic, crime that he'd been made to believe it was. Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for our behavior even though God knows what we will do. M Phil Thesis! So Christians have argued about predestination from New Testament days. Luke says that the Heuristic principles, people who chose Christ were predestined to do so.
Dante asks the blessed souls in heaven about predestination, and is told they don't know the answer, either. Martin Luther spent much of m phil thesis his youth obsessing over how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. Subject! He found his answer not in m phil predestination, but in God's free gift of grace in Christ. For him, this was a comfort and assurance. If you want to know whether you are predestined to be saved, just say your prayers. Then you will know you are predestined for salvation.
John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in his teaching. Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and resume cover subject the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for everybody and that everybody had a free choice. M Phil Thesis! Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is justified in punishing Adam. Bank Papers! Racine's Phaedra marked a return to themes of Greek tragedy and people being the victims of m phil thesis cruel destiny. Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on hellfire and predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism. Boswell, who wrote the biography of Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and bank of scotland papers became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally. He's not the only person who's had this experience. In the m phil thesis, US, the Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and need to work hard to bring others to Christ, against sheridan-baker those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary.
Some Hindus and Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in a past life predestines happiness or misery in the current one, by m phil, the laws of karma. Individual believers may find that this frees them from thesis, bitterness over life's injustices (natural and human-made). You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is good or bad. Belief in karma has awakened social conscience and m phil thesis kindness to strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around. The theme of predestination continues in secular literature. Resume Cover! Chaucer (Troilus and thesis Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. The former is a character study, and the two lovers seem destined for trouble just because of who they are.
Marlowe's Faustus and a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not? Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from Macbeth. Apa Citations In An Essay! Ideas about predestination are parodied in Tristram Shandy -- the baby is predestined to have a small nose and an ugly name despite the conscious efforts of the m phil, parents to avoid these supposed disasters. Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Although the generator, vast majority of psychic predictions in m phil the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on the Silver Screen. A new face of the predestination debate comes from the physicists' model of the world. At least in Newtonian physics, if you know everything about a closed system at sheridan-baker thesis one moment of time, you can predict everything that will happen in the future. If our world is really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in our brains, and what we will think and do.
The laws of physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about m phil thesis, which side to bank research papers take in a college bull session about predestination versus free will. In physics, an electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of two holes like a wave. As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of thinking that something can be two contrary things at the same time, and that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions. The Good Lord feeds the thesis, birds, but I know how birds really get their food. I give thanks to the Good Lord for the birth of a child, but nobody requests equal time for stork science. I know how I get sick and how I recover, and thank the Good Lord for my recovery. The bread and wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how. The best (though not the most scholarly) answer I've heard to the Christian mystery of predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the essay, New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of m phil your free will.
When we are inside, and sheridan-baker thesis look back, the reverse of the sign will say God chose us from before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4). The folk tale of Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and thesis the Oedipus complex aren't the subject of this site. Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation. Freud observed that while there are many stories about predestination and of scotland unavoidable dooms, the story of thesis Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times. The actual reason, of course, is that it's about bank of scotland papers, dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the legend, from Wikipedia.
Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King for the annual festival where playwrights competed for prizes. Thesis! It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is phenomenally good, especially considering his era. His writing is thesis, tight, with each phrase contributing to the whole. He is full of succinct observations on life. And despite the limits of the m phil, form, he often manages to make his characters seem like real individuals. The title of our play is sheridan-baker thesis, often given in its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for king is the m phil thesis, English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the first sentence, consent of the people.
As the m phil thesis, play opens, the priest of Zeus and a bunch of essay non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool. M Phil Thesis! It was evidently the sheridan-baker, custom to thesis do this in front of a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader. The priest explains (really for essay first sentence generator the audience's benefit) that Thebes is suffering from m phil thesis, a plague. Plants, animals, and people are all dying. The people know Oedipus is not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to solve the riddle of the sphinx and save the town. And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job. So now people look to him to find a cure for email letter the plague. Oedipus explains (really for the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to the oracle of the god Apollo at Delphi to get an answer. He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to do whatever the oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives.
Since it's good news, he is thesis, wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. (I'm told that the Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the killer of Laius must be found and banished, and the plague will end. And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the killer. Oedipus asks to review the facts. All that is known is that Laius left for Delphi and never returned. Email Resume Cover Letter Subject! (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the bodies of Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the sphinx problem. M Phil! One of Laius's men escaped, and walked back to Thebes. Gerstell Academy! (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and chariot.) By the m phil thesis, time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. The witness said Laius was killed by a gang of robbers. (We can already figure out why the witness lied. And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to be transferred away from Thebes, and has been gone ever since.) Oedipus reflects that if the killers are still at large, they are still a danger. Letter Subject! He decides to issue a policy statement to help find the killer. The chorus, in a song, calls on the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of dark sorcery), to m phil save them from the plague and from the evil god Ares, who is ordinarily the god of war but is here the god of general mass death.
Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the murder of Laius will be rewarded, and that if the killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to leave the city permanently. Apa Citations! On the other hand, if anyone conceals the killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. M Phil! Oedipus continues that he will pursue the investigation just as if Laius were my own father. Thinking! (Irony.) The Chorus says that Apollo ought to come right out and say who the murderer is. (The Chorus's job is to say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. The chorus suggests bringing in the blind psychic, Teiresias. Especially, they hope he can find the missing witness to the killing.
In those days, the Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the gods. There are other stories about Teiresias. As a young man, he ran into some magic snakes and got his gender changed for seven years. This enabled him to tell whether the male or the female enjoys sex more. This was a secret known only to the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness. Teiresias comes in. Oedipus asks his help finding the thesis, killers, ending up by saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to use all your special talents to help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to be wise when there's nothing you can do. (As A.A. Milne would say later, and perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is bliss, it is Heuristic principles, folly to thesis be wise.)
Teiresias says, I want to go home. Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the mark ( hamartia ). Our expression in English is You're missing the point. (Originally an archery target was a point.) We'll hear about hamartia again. Teiresias continues to stonewall, and Oedipus gets very angry. Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the Heuristic, killer, and adds that he is m phil thesis, living in shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and calls Teiresias some bad things based on his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon.
Oedipus understandably thinks this is a political trick to smear him, with Teiresias and Creon in cahoots. Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to apa citations in an handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to cool down. M Phil! Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster. Soon Oedipus will learn the essay first sentence generator, truth and thesis be a blind exile, leaning on his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at Delphi, which was supposedly the center of the world. Apa Citations! Gods are omniscient, but the chorus has its doubts about human psychics like Teiresias.
Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is a killer. Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of trying to smear him. Thesis! The Chorus says Oedipus is simply angry. Creon says he must be nuts. The Chorus says that to the king's faults and misbehavior, they are blind. (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the norm in a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by a crooked psychic as an email cover subject excuse. They exchange angry words.
Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the killer until today. Creon can't explain this. He defends himself from the accusation of planning a coup. (1) Being king is too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to do. M Phil! (3) Creon has everything he needs. (4) Creon has political influence anyway. (5) Creon is well-liked and isn't going to sheridan-baker do an obvious wrong. You build a good reputation over a lifetime. A single bad action ruins it. Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. He says he wants Creon executed for treason. The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in thesis and tells them to break it up, there's too much trouble already. The Chorus says it agrees, and email cover letter tells Jocasta that both men are at fault. Creon leaves, and Jocasta asks what's happened.
The Chorus talks about what a fine king Oedipus has been, and says, Let's forget the whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. The Chorus uses a variant of the proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie. It's better not to ask about things that can make trouble. Irony. Oedipus talks about it anyway. Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in psychics. I'll prove it. M Phil! Laius and I were told that our baby would kill him and marry me. Bank Papers! But this never happened, because we left the baby to die in the woods.
And the witness said that Laius was killed at thesis that place where three roads meet by robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus. Which three roads? Irony. Jocasta says, It's where the roads from Thebes, Delphi, and Daulis meet. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the apa citations in an essay, sphinx and m phil thesis became king. Oedipus is upset. He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to me? He asks Jocasta for bank of scotland a description. Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in his hair, and m phil thesis you know something, he looked a lot like you.
Irony. Oedipus continues his questioning. Principles! The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the new king, asked for m phil thesis a distant transfer. He was a good man, and bank papers Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request. Oedipus tells his story. M Phil! He was going to the oracles to find out whether he was adopted. Apa Citations In An! All of m phil thesis them told him simply that he would kill his father and marry his mother.
As he was traveling alone at the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of men going in the opposite direction. The men, including the gerstell academy definition, leader, started insulting him. Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun. One of the men shoved Oedipus. Oedipus punched him back.
The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on the back of the thesis, head with the gerstell definition of critical thinking, horse staff, Oedipus turned and hit the leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out of the chariot. Then Oedipus managed to kill them all except for the one who ran away. It was justifiable, self-defense. But Oedipus is devastated. He says he must be the killer of Laius, and he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife. Oedipus says This is too terrible to have happened naturally -- it must be the malicious work of some god or other.
He says he will simply leave the city, now, and let the plague end. M Phil Thesis! He adds that he cannot go back to principles Corinth, for fear of m phil thesis killing his own father and email cover letter marrying his own mother. The Chorus is deeply sympathetic to Oedipus, and appreciative of his willingness to go voluntarily into m phil thesis, exile to save the sheridan-baker thesis, city. They say, Before you make your final decision, try to find the last witness. Thesis! Maybe he will exonerate you. And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural.
Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to die by the hand of his own child. The Chorus sings a puzzling song about how (1) we have to papers obey the gods; (2) the gods's best gift is m phil thesis, good government; (3) if the government is sentence generator, bad, there is no reason to thesis be good; (4) nobody believes in of scotland papers oracles any more. Jocasta comes in, having visited the local shrines and left little offerings, and asks people to join her in praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and we need him now. She prays to Apollo to make this disastrous situation better. M Phil Thesis! Irony. Just then, a messenger comes in from Corinth.
He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is of scotland papers, your marriage bed! Irony.) The king of Corinth has died, and the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the oracle about him killing his father is void. M Phil Thesis! You see, I was right not to believe in oracles. Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the news, and says, Maybe the oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of grief for my absence. But I'm still worried about of scotland, marrying my mother. Jocasta says, Forget it.
Life is governed by chance, not destiny. Maybe you'll dream about marrying your mother. You should ignore dreams. Oedipus is still worried. When he explains to m phil thesis the messenger, the man cracks up and says, Well, I've got some good news for you. You don't have to worry about marrying the sheridan-baker, lady you've called mother. because you're adopted! All hell breaks loose. Thesis! Oedipus questions the messenger, and learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the baby, had taken the pin out of his ankles, and Heuristic principles had given him to the king and queen of m phil thesis Corinth to apa citations in an essay raise as their own.
Oedipus is m phil, starting to essay first generator wonder about what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to clear this up. Send for m phil thesis the other shepherd. Gerstell Academy! Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened. Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to pursue the matter. Oedipus says he has to know. (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on getting to the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out horribly upset. Oedipus is a little slower, and thinks, Perhaps she's upset to thesis find out of critical thinking I'm not really of royal blood. But what the heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and that's something to be proud of! I'm me. Irony. The Chorus sing a song in honor of Apollo, and thesis of the woods where Oedipus was found.
The say the spot will become famous. Of Scotland Research! Perhaps Oedipus is the child of nymphs and satyrs. Irony. The other shepherd is brought in. He already has figured things out, and pretends he doesn't remember. Thesis! Then he begs the other messenger to be quiet. Thesis! But Oedipus insists on m phil the truth. Cover Letter! It comes out. Jocasta and Laius crippled the baby and put it in the woods to foil a prophecy. Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Now everybody knows the truth.
Oedipus rushes out. The Chorus sings a song about how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is now the victim of destiny. The next scene is an extremely graphic account, by an eyewitness. M Phil! Jocasta ran into Heuristic, the bedroom, screaming. She locked the door from inside.
A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the m phil thesis, door with what seemed to sentence be supernatural strength. He found Jocasta dead, hanging. Oedipus took the body down, then removed the pin that held up her dress. He stabbed it again and again into his eyes, saying he has looked at his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. It gushed on both sides. For this to happen, the choroidal artery that enters the eye from behind must be severed. M Phil Thesis! We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the globes from their sockets. Oedipus now begs to sheridan-baker thesis be taken out thesis of the city (so that the plague will end), but he has no strength and no guide. Oedipus comes in. Evidently Oedipus passed out after blinding himself, and he curses the person who resuscitated him.
The Chorus asks, How were you able to rip out gerstell academy definition of critical your eyeballs? Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the strength to do it. Creon is the new king. He is not angry, merely kind. He helps Oedipus up and out of the city, guided by his two daughters. Staff in hand, Oedipus himself is the answer to the riddle of the sphinx. Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him. But the m phil, Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is dead -- the final rest, free from pain. (There is an echo here of Solon's words to Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Is the sense the same here, or different?) What is Sophocles saying?
To discern an author's intentions, look for essay material that is not required by the plot or intended simply to please the m phil thesis, audience. In retelling the Heuristic, story of Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony. A major theme in the play is whether one can believe in oracles and psychics. By extension, the question is m phil thesis, whether the Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to explain that Oedipus killed Laius in self-defense.
More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to present Oedipus as an gerstell thinking extremely capable, beloved administrator. Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on himself by any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous. They could mean that the m phil, dead are more fortunate than the living, because they do not experience pain. Email Resume Cover Subject! Is life really that bad? The gods made the m phil thesis, prophecies that led Oedipus into disaster. Of Scotland! The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by thesis, the gods), and Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the riddle, or detect the killer -- thanks to the gods. At the beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the killer -- leading to email cover subject the cruel ironies of the play. Oedipus specifically says the gods set up his extraordinary misfortune.
And at the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the strength to carve his own eyes out of their sockets. In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the intentional work of the gods. At the end, everybody says this. Pure and simple. M Phil! Nobody even asks why. The Golden Age of Athens was a time for Heuristic principles thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for people to share ideas freely. Greeks were very impressed with reason, and must surely have been asking whether they still believed in their mythology. Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for expressing doubts about the gods, but only because they thought this would corrupt the minds of young people. (Does this sound familiar?)
People have often noted that comedy and melodrama have arisen independently in many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in Athens's golden age -- the first time that we hear people asking the thesis, tough questions about what they really believed. The idea that Sophocles is gerstell academy, putting forward is m phil, much like the bank of scotland, dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age. M Phil! Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the message of apa citations in an essay Oedipus the King. Sophocles is saying, Maybe the gods do exist. and m phil are consciously and elaborately MALICIOUS. This is the only reason that such terrible things could happen to essay people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on poetry, with a focus on tragedy. M Phil Thesis! Aristotle liked to resume classify and m phil thesis evaluate things, and also liked to talk about human virtue and vice. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of his time, as tutor to apa citations essay the boy who became Alexander the Great.
Aristotle is reacting in part against Plato's objection to art and theater. Thesis! Aristotle was especially interested in justifying tragedy to an audience concerned with public morals. I am quoting below from the translation of the gerstell definition of critical, Poetics by thesis, S.H. Bank Research Papers! Barber. After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of tragedy. M Phil! Since the objects of imitation are men in action, and these men must be either of a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to these divisions, goodness and first badness being the distinguishing marks of m phil thesis moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in first generator real life, or as worse, or as they are.
It is the same in painting. Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to life. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for realism. Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Comedy; for thesis Comedy aims at representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in actual life. -- II.
Aristotle means both better-spoken and of better moral character. Aristotle goes on of scotland research to explain why people make poetry in m phil thesis the first place. He decides that there's an instinct to bank research papers mimic things, and people like the imitations of others because it's fun to recognize things. He continues. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to the individual character of the thesis, writers. The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of good men. The more trivial sort imitated the actions of meaner persons, at first composing satires, as the former did hymns to the gods and the praises of famous men. -- IV.
Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the successors of the epic poets, who also focused on high and noble deeds. Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in his era. He tells about its origins in improvisation, and its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the importance of the Chorus, and assigned the leading part to the dialogue. Sophocles raised the cover subject, number of actors to three, and m phil thesis added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by a chorus. Then one member would take the role of a character. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the chorus.
Sophocles added a third, and introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into the famous definition of tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of research artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of m phil thesis narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions. Essay Sentence Generator! -- VI. Tragedy must be a unified story, about something important. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people. He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. Probably he thought that the great themes of thesis life required larger-than-life characters. Arthur Miller would write about a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man.
And a comic hero would be Truman -- the one true-man in a world that deceives him. The end of the paragraph begins the business that has caused all the trouble. Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for thesis a laxative comes from the m phil thesis, Greek term catharsis, which you already know). You watch a tragedy to have a good cry, and apa citations essay get rid of m phil thesis your ideas about bad things happening to good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI.
Aristotle goes on to explain what these are. Plot: the bank of scotland research papers, story; the good ones focus on a single episode. Character: the personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and m phil actions. (Considering the principles, limitations of the form, the Greeks did a nice job of drawing character.) Diction: the thesis, right choice of generator words. Aristotle points out how effective using just the m phil thesis, right word can be. Thought: Arguments and exposition. Bank Research! Aristotle compares it to rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects.
Not so much the poet's business as the stage-specialist's. Song: words joined to music. What is missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the thoughts about thesis, life on which tragedies can be based. Aristotle was a very smart person, and the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on life.
Yet Aristotle is silent on this important element of tragedy. As you continue to study literature, you'll constantly look for themes. Of Critical Thinking! I like Shakespeare, and like the ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of its impact from its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in thesis a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on the phoniness and meanness of human society. Hamlet starts by wishing he was dead. At the essay, end, he comes to terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and love well in an unfair world. The themes of Romeo and Juliet were radical in Shakespeare's time.
Shakespeare changed the messsage of his source (which was a cautionary tale for teenagers to obey their parents instead of thesis making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to choose their own husbands and wives. The disasters of young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on essay first their parents. And love gives happiness and dignity even in the worst circumstances. Antony and Cleopatra asks the thesis, age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them? King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to gerstell of critical thinking Oedipus the King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at least temporarily, give beauty and m phil thesis meaning in a godless world. Aristotle, the school-teacher, is actually steering his students AWAY from apa citations, looking for themes. Aristotle goes on to say that the plot is best kept unified, without subplots, and thesis the action not covering more then 24 hours. Subjects from sheridan-baker thesis, mythology are traditional but not mandatory. (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to suspend disbelief if the stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to be coincidences, they should seem to thesis make sense.
But again, Tragedy is an gerstell of critical imitation not only of a complete action, but of m phil thesis events inspiring fear or pity. Such an effect is best produced when the events come on us by surprise; and the effect is heightened when, at the same time, they follow as cause and effect. The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of themselves or by accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an air of design. We may instance the letter, statue of m phil Mitys at cover letter subject Argos, which fell upon his murderer while he was a spectator at m phil thesis a festival, and killed him. Academy! Such events seem not to be due to mere chance. Plots, therefore, constructed on thesis these principles are necessarily the best. -- IX. Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and people are willing to sheridan-baker thesis suspend disbelief in them. (People want to believe in magic.) A character today might say that the thesis, falling statue expressed the cover, will of the Force. Aristotle launches into a big discussion about simple vs. complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of these reversal of the m phil thesis, situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes). Heuristic Principles! Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of m phil tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage. A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on the simple but on the complex plan.
It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and fear, this being the sheridan-baker thesis, distinctive mark of tragic imitation. It follows plainly, in the first place, that the change of fortune presented must not be the thesis, spectacle of a virtuous man brought from prosperity to adversity: for this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Nor, again, that of a bad man passing from adversity to prosperity: for apa citations nothing can be more alien to the spirit of m phil thesis Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear. Nor, again, should the downfall of the apa citations in an, utter villain be exhibited. M Phil! A plot of this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the misfortune of a man like ourselves.
Such an event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible. There remains, then, the character between these two extremes- that of a man who is first generator, not eminently good and m phil thesis just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty . He must be one who is highly renowned and prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of such families. -- XIII This passage continues to cause problems. Plays about bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. (Beavis and academy Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of tragedy.) Plays about thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in m phil the end don't work because we can't identify with the sheridan-baker, bad guy. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of m phil thesis a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the thesis, King DOES shock us, and m phil is intended to do so.
Why is Aristotle avoiding the obvious? We'll soon see. A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in its issue, rather than double as some maintain. The change of fortune should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. Email Cover Subject! It should come about as the result not of thesis vice, but of some great error or frailty, in a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse. Apa Citations In An! The practice of the stage bears out our view. -- XIII. By double plots, Aristotle is referring to serious plays that have a disaster in the middle, but a happy ending. Aristotle considers these to be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them. In the second rank comes the kind of tragedy which some place first. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of plot, and also an opposite catastrophe for the good and for the bad. It is accounted the best because of the weakness of the spectators; for the poet is m phil thesis, guided in what he writes by the wishes of his audience.
The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the true tragic pleasure. It is thesis, proper rather to Comedy, where those who, in the piece, are the deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and Aegisthus -- quit the stage as friends at the close, and no one slays or is slain. M Phil! -- XIII This only apa citations in an makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to make you have a good scare and thesis a good cry and go back to thinking that real-life is more fair. Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and the best scripts themselves arouse pity and sheridan-baker fear, and that the best plays don't even need the special effects. Fear and pity may be aroused by m phil thesis, spectacular means; but they may also result from the inner structure of the piece, which is the definition of critical, better way, and indicates a superior poet. For the plot ought to be so constructed that, even without the aid of the eye, he who hears the tale told will thrill with horror and melt to m phil pity at what takes place. This is the impression we should receive from hearing the story of the sheridan-baker, Oedipus. -- XIV. Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family.
The killer may or may not know what he/she is doing. It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in Oedipus the King. Aristotle was a product of his times. In respect of m phil Character there are four things to be aimed at. First, and most important, it must be good.
Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of any kind will be expressive of character: the character will be good if the purpose is good. This rule is relative to each class. Even a woman may be good, and also a slave; though the woman may be said to be an inferior being, and the slave quite worthless. Resume Cover! The second thing to aim at is propriety. There is a type of manly valor; but valor in a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is inappropriate. -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to despise this kind of sexism and classism. But the m phil, truth is that on the Greek stage, the women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and brave as the academy definition thinking, men -- an obvious fact that Aristotle ignores. Aristotle goes on thesis to say that characters should be believable, the kinds of people we meet in life, and that characters should be consistent. Heuristic! Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in thesis Aulis, which tells the gerstell of critical thinking, story of a sudden decision for heroic altruism.
It remains to m phil thesis speak of Diction and Thought, the other parts of Tragedy having been already discussed. Concerning Thought, we may assume what is said in the Rhetoric, to which inquiry the subject more strictly belongs. Under Thought is sheridan-baker, included every effect which has to thesis be produced by speech, the subdivisions being: proof and refutation; the excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and the like; the suggestion of importance or its opposite. Of Scotland! Now, it is evident that the m phil, dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of view as the dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. Apa Citations In An Essay! -- XIX. Aristotle talks about realism, which is a curious topic when talking about tales from Greek mythology. Further, if it be objected that the m phil thesis, description is not true to fact, the poet may perhaps reply, But the in an, objects are as they ought to be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are. In this way the objection may be met. Thesis! If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the poet may answer, This is how men say the thing is, applies to tales about the gods.
It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of them. -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and said it -- the tales of Greek Mythology are fiction. Aristotle knows this is important, but once again, he avoided the rough issue. Somebody may ask you about Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and Euripides portraying people as they are. Principles! Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and m phil thesis altruistic.
Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of regret, making a speech about sheridan-baker thesis, how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed. Euripides, by contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in cold blood just to get back at their father. You can have fun examining this further. I think I understand. Aristotle got paid to m phil tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to academy of critical thinking them. To explain why they saw really bad things happening to good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers.
1. Thesis! When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is just make-believe. It is bank of scotland papers, so you can have a good scare and a good cry. This gets these emotions out of your system. You can go back to the real world, where life is thesis, fair. It's bunk, intended to in an keep people from complaining about Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the m phil, first schoolteacher to smokescreen Sophocles's message that the gods might be malicious. He may have thought he was right to do so. Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Even today, students are forced to write essays about tragic flaws and purging pity and fear.
Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and so forth) has come to be identified as the usual tragic fault. I cannot understand why -- the idea does not seem to be Aristotle's. But whenever something bad happens to a basically good person in a tragedy, students are invited to see hybris. Heuristic! (Hubris is the same word; the Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and is its origin, but the sound was more like the uhh that I make when I have no idea what to say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the chorus specifically call Creon on his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to promote national security. I have seen this section from Antigone quoted and said to m phil thesis be from Oedipus the apa citations essay, King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of hybris. In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the murderess gets the victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in m phil thesis order to gain public support after the murder. Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the victims of Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for what most of us would say is common sense and genuine goodness. It is hard to generalize this.
Interestingly, I can't find the idea of hybris in Aristotle's Poetics. During the of critical, sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against an accusation of m phil hybris. I am an honest physician who engages in public debates. When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. Of Critical! (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc. I tell people that they're asking the wrong question, and to look instead at what the author is really saying about m phil thesis, life.
If Aristotle and sheridan-baker thesis his successors had been free to speak the truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in thesis discussion and with which most students (then and now) would probably agree. In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to Heuristic very good people. M Phil Thesis! Your chief security comes from academy, what people know you can do well. This results in turn from your natural abilities, your effort, and your good character. It's safest, and the best strategy, to try to be a good person. It's fun to be scared at shows, and to cry.
But we don't want to be rid of these emotions, but to feel them most intensely. Perhaps we can also bring back, from a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of ourselves, our neighbors, and our world. Oedipus seeks the truth about himself despite the warnings that it will not bring him happiness. M Phil Thesis! We cannot blame Aristotle for the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to limit free inquiry. But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the Heuristic principles, truth about nature, and about themselves. It is a modern, rather than an Aristotelian, theme. Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an intensity that remains unsurpassed. M Phil! Serious drama did go on, after the bank, Greeks, to become richer in many ways, including variety of plot, character, and theme.
Much of the power of serious literature (like tragedy, and like the comedies of Aristophanes and Shakespeare) comes from the thesis, philosophical issues that it raises. We do not have to be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to generator be more frightened of people who would restrict the m phil thesis, free sharing of ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on us. Young people naturally discuss whether the essay first sentence, stories they hear in church are true, and perhaps even whether the universe itself might be malevolent. (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of Cthulhu, in which the spiritual powers of the universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the morals of thesis young people. Every person must find his or her own answer to the mystery of why bad things happen to good people in a universe supposedly under God's control. Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and express them freely, people can usually still live and work together in peace and good-will. Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the idea that Apollo, or one of his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. Thesis! But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to those of us who approach the universe with a sense of awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is more than there appears to be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the word used in the original Greek of the m phil thesis, New Testament for sin. The King James Version has 172 instances.
Jim Donahoe's essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw is no longer online. In the bank of scotland papers, end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. He becomes a better person and is better off after his fall. Dr. Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is his special ability to solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect. Yet this is a form of hubris -- the belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the future etc. through one's native wit, and this is what brings him down, despite several warnings to give up the hunt. Reason = Apollo. Myth Man.
Oedipus. Thesis! brought about his own downfall because of his excessive obsession to sheridan-baker know himself. I'm honored to be the m phil thesis, source of gerstell academy definition of critical thinking his quotation (Thus, some say that the moral of the story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.). Link is thesis, now down. University of Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in this account, his basic flaw is his lack of knowledge about his own identity. Cover! The writer is m phil, fair enough to point out that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw. You can decide for yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in context. Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out gerstell academy definition of critical themes common to thesis world literature prior to the decline in religious belief. Who does control our lives?
What sort of relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is his very excellence -- and this also gives him his tragic greatness. Letters on the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. [This is a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to find one. The whole business of 'tragic flaws' is something that English and Drama teachers have got hold of from some book they read when they were students. No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is any such thing. Tragic Flaws . . I realized something quite interesting: just about everything Aristle says about tragic heroes is wrong.
Aristotle had postulated the principle of the subject, tragic flaw in tragedy. A hero, who is m phil, mostly good, makes some sort of mistake related to acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride. However, from sheridan-baker thesis, what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by thesis, flaws or by hybris . In fact, in bank papers most cases, the protagonist is actually destroyed by his or her virtues. M Phil Thesis! In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in fact,not trying to explain exactly what is happening in tragedy but what should be happening. He is answering a very specific challenge to the very existence of tragedy presented by Plato in email resume cover the Republic Book III. Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the audience. M Phil! Aristotle's development of the tragic flaw is a response to this challenge. The author has a Ph.D. in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy.
Link is apa citations essay, now down: Cyber Essays to help students. The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the King with reference to thesis Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is not worth living and (A.A. Winnie the Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise. Seeking a tragic flaw for Oedipus, the author says that Oedipus would have been better not to have been so curious. What the essay ignores is resume letter, that Oedipus pursued the m phil thesis, truth to save his city, not to gerstell of critical amuse himself. Thesis! The author avoids this obvious point in Heuristic principles drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion. It's better not to know. We used to hear this from anti-science college-campus types on both the far-right and thesis the far-left, who want to reshape society down ideological lines. You'll have to decide for yourself about this. But like it or not, focusing on science over make-believe has a lot to do with why whole cities don't die of the plague any more. This essay has been offered for sale (and perhaps still is) by at least two websites set up for students who for whatever reason do not want to write their own papers.
I have received no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Students: If your teacher is at all computer-savvy, and you turn in a paper that you took for free off the web, you will be caught. Everybody will make fun of you, and you can forget about being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever. Bank Of Scotland Research Papers! That'll be your tragic flaw. Ha ha! Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in m phil the character [of Oedipus], is really nothing -- and need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in of scotland research papers the face of what he conceives to thesis be a challenge to his dignity, his image of his rightful status. Only the passive, only bank papers those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of thesis us are in that category.
Miller adds that the terror and the fear that is classically associated with tragedy comes from essay, questioning the m phil thesis, unquestioned. Maybe this is more about Miller than about Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting. Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother. Release date Sept. 2004. First Sentence Generator! Re-released 2011.
I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from there to m phil thesis my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the resume cover letter, other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the m phil, one who's typed a particular document. Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the sheridan-baker, circumstances), and get out of abusive relationships by any means. M Phil! The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people.
Thanks for visiting. Health and friendship. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the King by apa citations in an, Sophocles Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD.
Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on thesis dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and bank war on drugs profiteering. then the m phil thesis, answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is a God, why do horrible things happen to perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to children? -- then the answer is maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to tell me that I am wrong, but not why.
Each of three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem. I use the term immoral for the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for lack of a better English word. And it seems appropriate to me. (Cliff Notes used the word moral for the idea that the gods are fair and decent.) If you can think of a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution. Athenians often constructed sentences in the form of One the one hand ( men ). and on the other hand ( de ). Argue both sides. It'll be fun and prevent trouble. If your instructor is a proponent of one of the three sides of the sentence, culture war, you can make him/her happy and m phil still be honest. If your instructor is academy thinking, a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out how Sophocles recognizes the m phil thesis, falsity of old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on grievance-group politics, point out how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the apa citations in an, oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc.
If your instructor is a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and all the talk about gods and so forth, was bunk, and maybe this is m phil thesis, what he is really telling us. If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to Oedipus the King, be ready for these questions from your students. Cliff Notes, which is as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on a search for the decisive flaw in in an the protagonist as the key factor for understanding the tragedy can lead to m phil superficial or false interpretations. The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. Apa Citations Essay! He goes on to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is his anger (at Laius, at Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and thesis his pride and determination in trying to get the herdsman to tell the truth. (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the universe is definition of critical thinking, fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the different supposed tragic flaws? If a lone man is hassled and m phil then physically attacked by a group of thugs on a deserted stretch of highway, especially when the area is not patrolled by fast police cars, he is much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for mercy. This isn't right, but it's a fact of life, and if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of Laius as self-defense. What kind of sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to think Oedipus caused his own downfall?
Today, if a psychic went on the air and accused a decent, respected government official of murder and incest, people would be furious and believe that this is crooked politics. Oedipus is essay first generator, right to m phil think this and to be very angry, though I think (as the Chorus does) that he goes too far in gerstell academy thinking assuming Creon is behind it. Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and angry? If Oedipus had not tried hard to get to the truth, there would have been no play. Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and the Chorus says he is over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the need to revere the gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do. In fact, the Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster. Thesis! This is in spectacular contrast to the ending of Antigone, where the Chorus sings about Creon's hybris (I refuse to allow proper religious burial rites for a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an cover example and keep our people safe) and how it caused his ruin (Religion and conscience and decency and m phil thesis human love take precedence over supposed National Security.)
Does the word hybris even appear in Aristotle's Poetics? The site went up in 1998, and has proved very popular. Most of principles my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about this page, all claiming to come from teachers. Thesis! (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to teach English at a major university, but the sentence, department chairman tells me that he knows of m phil thesis no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to send hate mail. However, not one of them (or anyone else) has ever tried to explain why I am wrong -- and that leads me to apa citations essay draw the m phil thesis, obvious conclusion. If you have no case, shout hybris . If you are a student who has been punished for using this website, please contact me and I'll probably be able to take care of it for you. Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have!
Health and friendship! This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is right and that I'm wrong, but not why. In the 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the process. Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease. Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries. Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on bank of scotland papers indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for criminality are not in lack of self-esteem, but in a sense of entitlement and special privilege.
Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on dandruff apart from its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and a baby can smother by m phil, overling or on a mattress or big toy. William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of insight. I'm no Teiresias. But except for the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and a little basic understanding of the world eventually wins out over academic dogma.
I'm thankful for the experimental method and gerstell academy definition of critical the fact that science corrects itself. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to free sites. Thesis! In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for in an essay their money, please let me know.
reset Jan. 30, 2005: Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to act as good as other good people . Click here to see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right.
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English IV My First Day of High School “Beep, Beep, Beep!” 6:00 A.M my alarm clock was . Thesis. activated, it was time for me to get ready and prepared myself for my first day of High School as a freshman student in Piscataway Vo – Tech High School. Fear, excitement, and all of these different emotions were running through my head as I wondered how difficult high school would be, who I would sit with at lunch time or if I would be able to memorize my locker combination. My first day of high school. 2006 albums , Education , High school 1086 Words | 3 Pages. MY FIRST DAY OF COLLEGE I got up at 6 in thesis, the morning to the sound of my alarm clock. Almost . immediately I began the routine that I had trained myself for during the week before college began. I sat up, turned off the first generator alarm, drank some of the water I keep by my nightstand for m phil my parched mouth, and proceeded to sheridan-baker the necessarium.
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Pg.1 The First Day The story is narrated by in an, an adult female who tells the story of her first day . of school, when she was still very young and unfortunately, throughout the years, has become ashamed of her mother. The question is: does her first day occur “long before” she “learned to be ashamed” of her mother? Or is she learning to be ashamed before the story ends? In order to give an answer we must first understand what is the m phil thesis narrator ashamed of. The set-up for the beginning of the story.
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A woman who was good at making cheese or sewing could earn money this . way, and she would work at home. There was no divide between the m phil home and work. There were no office blocks, people did not commute, and no one was stopping women from working by confining them to their homes. Similarly, the modern home, in which a couple might live, is a modern thing. Homes until very recently were places where many people lived.
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And now you’re staring at the blank piece of paper, thinking the following thoughts: • • • Why do I have to write this stupid essay ? ! I’m not even a Writing major – why do I have to do this? Why can’t the word requirement be one page? What, there’s not enough out there in apa citations in an essay, the world for my professor to read? • When am I ever going to finish this? Hey. 2000s American television series , Caroline Botelho , Essay 1761 Words | 6 Pages.
WRITING THE COLLEGE ESSAY PURPOSE OF THE ESSAY Your GPA, class rank, SATI and SATII scores are all important to m phil thesis a college . admissions officer in apa citations, helping to assess your academic abilities. But they are only thesis numbers – they have no personality. What can make your application stand apart are the personal essays . Bank Research. The college essay will allow an admissions officer to look beyond those numbers and see you as a person. A well-written essay should convey your thoughts, attitudes, personal qualities. College , Essay , Question 1382 Words | 5 Pages. ? NARRATIVE ESSAY NORMAL AGING OR ALZHEIMER’S? ENGLISH 101 DUE: 11-03-13 BY MELVA NORZAGARAY Normal aging or Alzheimer’s ? I am . never going to m phil thesis forget the beginning of the most important lesson life has taught me up to this date. It was a rainy day . The sky was gloomy and the air was blowing cold. That day was very important to me, because my mother had an sheridan-baker thesis, appointment with the Neurologist. It was the m phil first time she would visit him.
She did not know why we were going to see him. Alzheimer's disease , Caregiving and dementia , Dementia 896 Words | 5 Pages. First Day in College According to a scientific research we record moments which leave significant marks in our emotional state . or in our lifes.There has been circumsatances I’ve lived through that has impacted in my life.One of those remarkable moments was my first day in college.There’s many people that maybe can not understand how difficult is to emigrate.My transition to this country accumulated stess and excitement in the same time.Many people have never tried the bank of scotland research feeling of being alone and. Class I railroad , Desk , Emotion 1118 Words | 3 Pages. PERSONAL ESSAY The word essay derives from the French infinitive essayer, to try or to attempt.
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These free-range eggs were purple and bigger than conventional. Organic farming , Organic food , Pesticide 1964 Words | 5 Pages. ? December 17th, 2010 was a regular day for me. I was done with my finals and was heading to Tozeur, a town in the south west . of Tunisia, with a couple of friends to spend a couple of days to relax and have fun. Thesis. We drove by a city called Sidi-Bouzid without being aware that in this city, an first sentence, event that happened that day would change the destiny of a lot of countries. A guy named Mohamed Bouazizi was spending a regular day , selling his vegetables in m phil thesis, a corner of a street in Sidi-Bouzid as he was. Demonstration , Northeast Blackout of thesis 2003 , President 1033 Words | 3 Pages. ? MY HOLY WEEK CELEBRATION During April we celebrated the m phil Holy week. It is when Jesus Christ was crucified and cover subject, died under Poncioplilate and m phil thesis, rose . again after three days . Bank Of Scotland Research Papers. Hundreds of people belong to the church to get to the great unwashed, they prayed and m phil, thanked Jesus for saving the world from sins and temptation. There are many devoted and believe the power of Jesus Christ. Perhaps processions are also held with prayers too. In that respect are different saints, showing up. From this day , probably.
Beach , Holiday , Holy Week 960 Words | 2 Pages. Narrative Essays : To Tell a Story There are four types of essays : Exposition - gives information about . various topics to the reader. Description - describes in detail characteristics and gerstell, traits. M Phil. Argument - convinces the reader by demonstrating the truth or falsity of a topic. Heuristic. Narrative - tells a story, usually from thesis one person’s viewpoint. A narrative essay uses all the story elements - a beginning and sheridan-baker, ending, plot, characters, setting and m phil thesis, climax - all coming together to complete the. A Story , Essay , Essays 1444 Words | 5 Pages.
My dream job Every body have their dream job , I also too , I have dream job . Since in my childhood I want to be a . engineer and want to of scotland research papers work a engineering job . When all the m phil thesis children play the sports jut like as football ,running or other games , I am never join with them and I wanted to play to built house or repair something . I was remembered one thing happened in my childhood , my father was bought one new clock to home and essay, he say I need to take care . Thesis. This clock is rings the sound. Electrical engineering , Electronic engineering , Essay 818 Words | 3 Pages. The Person Who Changes My Perception About Writing. Alvinston anak Henry Stephen Ms Bobbi Olsen ENGL 150-Writing: Rhetoric The Person who Changes My Perception about sentence generator, Writing . M Phil. Writing is one of the medium that people use to communicate and resume subject, express their ideas to other people. It has already been used since prehistoric time even though it is just through drawing but it has helped human to m phil understand what has happened during that time and slowly after billions of years we have advanced to this globalized world that enable us to write in many different. Creative writing , Essay , Linguistics 1804 Words | 4 Pages. My Progress as a Reader and Writer. English 20M-Section 2 12 May 2011 My Progress as a Reader and Writer in English 20M If I had a time travel machine, I would love to go back . to resume letter our class’s first meeting. It was such a memorable day . I was so nervous that my first piece of writing seemed less than mediocre as I reflected on what I had written that day . While being happy that my name was randomly chosen to be added to the class, I was very scared of this class. The last time I wrote an essay was two years ago, and before this class.
Better , Essay , Grammar 1361 Words | 4 Pages. My Experience as a Writer It all started when I was just a little kid. I began learning how to speak and use our language. I watched . M Phil Thesis. learning videos teaching me how to sheridan-baker thesis talk properly and use different words . Once I reached first grade, we began writing very simple sentences and m phil, learning the cover basics of writing. M Phil Thesis. By the time I reached Elementary school, we learned about the sentence structure and we began making more complex sentences. We also started writing paragraphs and short essays . When I reached.
Essay , Fiction , Golf 1774 Words | 4 Pages. Gerstell Academy Definition Thinking. First Accomplishment in My Life It is m phil thesis so difficult to live in sheridan-baker thesis, the United States, the land of opportunity, without . education and the English language. Without these two things, our lives seem like meaningless. My family is one of the victims of this problem. Two years ago, when I was a senior student in high school, I almost could not graduate from high school with diploma in hand because of thesis failing the exit exam twice and my lack knowledge of English.
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For me my first intro speech was about conveying the image of what I felt a public speaker should be. How they stand, how they speak, and how they. Anxiety , Claustrophobia , Conclusion 873 Words | 3 Pages.
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Free Essays on Respect In The Military. religion, civilization, culture or military , respect is almost as old, if not as old, as the human race itself. Respect started with prehistoric bands of people, looking for experience and leadership, and remains today as we know it within societies and militaries around the world. Indeed, nothing. Army values are Loyalty, Duty, Respect , Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity, and m phil thesis Personal Courage. All of the Army core values complement one another. Apa Citations In An Essay? Without the tight bond between them all, there would be no army core values. Honor and Loyalty are complimented by respect as you can’t have honor nor loyalty. Corrective Essay: Military Bearing and Respect. to Field Manual 6-22, “ Military Bearing is defined as having or projecting a commanding presence and a professional image of authority”. The United States Army is structured on several values and principles that it upholds, among these are military bearing, discipline and respect . Leaders should be.
Military Bearing, Respect and Discipline. MILITARY BEARING, DISCIPLINE AND RESPECT The United States Army is structured on several values and principles that it upholds, among these are military bearing, discipline and respect . These principles represents what the organization strongly believes in and governs the most basic customs and m phil courtesies. Non-commissioned Officer and Respect. Respect is one the 7 Army Values and probably one of the bank research papers most important in today’s Army. Discipline also works alongside respect even though it is not one of the Army Value’s; it falls under Self-less Service. You can’t have respect without discipline because it creates a sense of unity among. Respect within the Military basically means treat others as you would want to m phil, be treated. It is one of the research basic Army Values. M Phil Thesis? It is by far one of the most important values that we have. Apa Citations? It is the one that keeps everyone acting polite and curiosities towards everyone.
This is one of the NCO’s basic responsibilities. The word respect means several different things to many people. Sometimes it is looked at as the “golden rule”. This was taught to many of us as children. The golden rule states that you should treat people the way that you would want to be treated. The origin of the word respect comes from the Latin. Choosing Military As A Career Making the choice on what you want to do with your life is a big decision. From day one in thesis kindergarten they asked you what you want to be when you grow up. Of course most of us wanted to be something we will never achieve. There is a broad spectrum of careers out there. Mandatory Military Service Mandatory military service has been a part of our country for centuries.
It has produce loyal, respectful, disciplined soldiers who later became productive, respectful, patriotic, law abiding citizens and a great influence in their respective communities. Military service. Forms of essay Leadership in the Military. Leadership I have been in the military for m phil, six years, and throughout my short career I have seen many forms of leadership. I have now been directed to explain my interpretation of the concept of leadership and to include my opinion of the subject. I believe leadership comes in many forms; I also believe.
A Brief Treatise Upon 1 RESPECT Within this, I intend to cover aspects of the words respect and tact. Bank? With focus upon the etymology of the word and the evolution into additional words. A study into thesis, the ideology of respect , with emphasis upon value will be discussed in an informative manner along. ? Respect , Customs and Courtesies and Obeying Orders… As an American soldier you begin your journey into the army by entering basic training with the army values as a base on which you build as you continue to sheridan-baker, train. The seven army values set forth the foundation on which you build yourself as a soldier. Different Values and Concepts in the Military. As I grow into my new life in the military , I am constantly learning there are different values and concepts that I must grasp.
One of the greatest transitions that I am faced with is the m phil ability to know the difference between my military bearing and my sometimes not so great actions as a civilian. As. Demographic Factors and Us Military. The US Military and sheridan-baker Socio-Geographic Factors MMPBL-560 University of Phoenix Professor Cheryl Lentz Tammy R. Meighan December 22, 2008 Introduction: The United States Military is a homogenous group of thesis volunteer civilians who have committed themselves to service of apa citations essay their constitution, country. ? Respect is both given and received. They say every human no matter race, age or gender want and strive for respect . It’s always an thesis, important of part of any time in history.
It’s also a very huge part of the military . It’s one of the key army values. Respect takes time some time to email letter subject, be earned but can. among people of all walks of life, especially in the United States Army. This is completely unacceptable and it violates the Army Values, costs the military more money, and m phil reflect very poorly on the soldier and his first line supervisor. There are many methods available to prevent being late as well. the good of apa citations society and the interest of the nation.
A good citizen must respect the cultural heritage of his country, i.e. he will have to respect the heroes, ‘the prophet, the sages and saints of thesis his country. He must respect the race which has given birth to him. He must always keep in mind the future. Importance of rank structure in the military. e in the Military Rank structure is important to principles, the Marine Corps because it form one of the fundamental backbones of thesis military service.
Many believe that with rank structure the Marine Corps or any other military organization could not function. This is has been proven fact over the centuries by. Soldier and Appearance Military Appearance. Premium 1057 Words 5 Pages Always Maintain Good Military Appearance Military Appearance In this paper I will discuss the importance of why a NCO or Drill Sergeant should maintain proper military appearance and why it is important. The NCO’s Creed first states that “no one is more professional. Respect and what it means By: -PFC- C, Mullins Respect it is something everyone wants, not many have, and few will give. Some people would appreciate having a little bit of respect from others, and some should make efforts to show some more respect . Unfortunately, this does not happen all the time.
Respect Disrespect: a Different Point of View. A difference in point of view. Respect can mean many things but, by definition in verb form, is: to hold in esteem or honor. to show regard or consideration for. to refrain from intruding upon or interfering with. to relate or have reference to. Heuristic Principles? Now in m phil thesis the case of any. Importance of thinking respect and lawful orders In this essay on the importance of respect and lawful orders. I will explain why it is very important to m phil thesis, be respectful and to follow such lawful orders given. Email Resume? In order to successfully accomplish the m phil thesis basic soldiering of every day, you need to follow. Military Discipline and Respect for Authority. MILITARY DISCIPLINE AND RESPECT FOR AUTHORITY Discipline is in an essay used in the civilian world as of coarse the m phil thesis military world. As a basic everyone is apa citations essay expected to address everyone by m phil thesis their proper tittles. In the Army, saluting is to show respect toward an officer, flag, or our country.
When talking to. Respect “Being brilliant is no great feat if you respect nothing”.(Johann Wolfgang von Goethe) Every military on earth has some sort of chain of command in which respect is the main premise behind the entire Idea of organization and with a chain of command. Research? Respect is important in the design of the. ? Sexual Harassment in m phil the Military Sexual harassment continues daily in the military , even though there are harsher punishments that can happen to sheridan-baker thesis, the harasser within the military than the m phil civilian world. A harasser does not look to what could happen to them. all IET Permanent party attatched to any military instalation. Violation or attempted violation of this policy and essay sentence regulation provides a basis for punitive action under the Uniform Code of m phil thesis Military Justice. Traditionally, the Army has demanded a respect for authority by subordinate personnel towards. Military Customs and academy thinking Courtesies In the Army and throughout every branch there are certain customs and m phil thesis courtesies that every soldier and sheridan-baker military member must follow in order for there to be order and m phil thesis discipline on a daily basis. Customs and courtesies are put in to place to show respect for Non Commissioned.
The United States Army is structured on several values and gerstell definition of critical thinking principles that it upholds, among these are military bearing, discipline and respect . These principles represents what the organization strongly believes in and governs the most basic customs and courtesies that all its members should abide by. Religion in m phil thesis the Military of Ancient Greece. in the Military of Ancient Greece The Ancient Greeks held their religion to be a personal experience, to be practiced by the common man on a daily basis. Thus, it comes as no surprise to read in the historical works of the period that the people also relied on gerstell academy definition, religion to aid them in military matters. Respect Respect is thesis something that everyone in life wants to receive from everybody that they deal with on a day to day basis.
From my first hand experience I can tell u that respect is one thing that has to be earned. A lot of people think that people should give them respect just because they are. Respect and Why the Marine Corps Has a Rank Structure. Respect and why the Marine Corps has a rank structure. There are very few things in the modern military of today or any military that has ever existed before our current military for that matter, that are more important than the rank structure and the the respect that is demanded of email subject you by that rank. the military has influence me in many ways, i can start by mencioning, the army values like respect , selfless service, duty, honor, loyalty, integrity and m phil personal courege.Respect my Chain of Command Every military has some sort of chain of command in which respect is the main premise behind the entire. Respect within the Military basically means treat others as you would want to be treated.
It is Heuristic principles one of the basic army values. M Phil? What I have learned from Sgt Taylor it is by far one of the most important values that we have. Its a two way street meaning both of the gerstell academy definition thinking individuals have to respect one another. Military Draft Gwendolyn R. Besonen Mind and Machine PHI 200 Troy Epps 10 March 2011 Reinstating the military draft is a very controversial subject. There are many good things about m phil, having a draft, but on the other hand there are several bad things as well. In this paper I will dispute this. “ Military courtesy is simply the display of good manners and in an essay politeness in m phil dealing with other people. Military courtesy conveys respect from email resume letter both subordinate and senior to each other.” Use of m phil Sir and Sergeant Officers of any rank are to be referred to as “sir” or as “ma’am”. Generally, as a. 15 July 2011 Respect Respect within the Military basically means treat others as you would want to be treated.
It is one of the first sentence basic Army Values. It is by far one of the m phil thesis most important values that we have. It is the one that keeps everyone acting polite and curiosities towards everyone. This. enlisted soldiers should respect non-commissioned officers in email resume cover subject the military . Thesis? It is important to respect an non-commissioned officer in order to keep the balance in the work place. Even if respect is not deserved or given back to you, the military still expects you to give them respect because they are appointed. Military bearing is ones outward appearance. The sharp uniform, perfect haircut, and sheridan-baker thesis their motivation and pride in their appearance. Military bearing is the way you take pride in your accomplishments and the majority of your experiences. It is also the way you maintain your composure and contain. Disrespect is defined by The Free Online dictionary as : Lack of respect , esteem, or courteous regard and To show a lack of respect for Disrespecting a noncommissioned officer is not tolerated in the United States Army.
The act itself goes against m phil thesis, all that we are taught to believe as soldiers. A form. Respect Being responsible for what you do will earn you the Heuristic principles respect you deserve, also doing what is right and not running your mouth demonstrate a lot of m phil respect , “Being brilliant is no great feat if you respect nothing”. (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe) Every military in this world has some sort. Customs and Courtesies are among the main fundamentals of military life, the other being the Seven Army Values, upon letter, which Soldiers are expected to live and rely upon both on and off duty. Customs and Courtesies date back to thesis, the inception of the military service, and are one of the defining features of a professional. Military courtesy is no different from courtesy in civilian life, it is just good manner and politeness in essay sentence generator dealing with other people no matter who they are. life has proven that courteous behavior is essential in human relations. M Phil Thesis? The differnce between civilian courtesy and military courtesy is that Most. Respect in the Military It has been said that military standards are higher than the country demands of its president. And that is apa citations in an true. Thesis? President Clinton lied under oath.
Perhaps that is not perjury, but an army officer could not do that. Nor could army personnel have extramarital affairs. Kelly. Louise Ho’s Poems Will Be Explored in a Way to sentence, Understand the Emotion of People in Respect of the 1997 Handover and the Activity Performed --Emigration-- Resulting from the Anguish of the Changeover. Hong Kong. In this paper, literary text in thesis Hong Kong in particular Louise Ho’s poems will be explored in cover a way to m phil thesis, understand the emotion of people in research respect of the 1997 handover and the activity performed --emigration-- resulting from the anguish of the m phil thesis changeover.
An introduction of of scotland research Hong Kong and China. We have been told all of our lives to respect those around us and we will be respected. This is certainly true not only in thesis everyday life but within our military as well. Respect is apa citations part of the Army Values that define us as soldiers and m phil how we should act as professionals fighting for the rights and privileges. Respect Toward Your Superiors an essay by Sgt Brown, Evan, M. it, but he who respects a command is rewarded. Proverbs 13:12-14 NIV.
There are only forty five instances of the word respect in resume letter the NIV bible. I try to m phil, live my life as though I were being watched by God Himself, because I believe that I am. I try, and hopefully achieve, to show respect to all people. What is the importance of Heuristic respect in thesis the army? What is the meaning of respect ? What does respect have to essay sentence, do with anything and how can you be successful without it?
Well in recent turning of events I have come to find out that it has a very big role in thesis the military lifestyle. I mean in almost every aspect. Webster defines respects as to feel or show honor or esteem for; hold in high regard. Today I learned a lesson in of scotland what I already know and should never have to be reminded about. M Phil? Respect . Respect can be in various forms. It can be knowledge, self awareness, trust, character, honesty, understanding. strategies, doctrines, and sheridan-baker thesis policies that the military must comply with. The Air Force has been a successful organization for over 60 years, fought in many wars and has earned the title of the most powerful air force in thesis the world. The reason the U.S. Military has lasted so long and has become so successful.
Being Late in the Military Environment. in the academy definition of critical military environment is a whole different story. This could mean the difference between the way people see you and how they treat you, promotion and thesis demotion, and also the gerstell of critical difference between life and death. Through this paper, I’ll show you that being late is m phil a big problem in military life, and. Respect That You as a Soldier Owe to Ncos. mutual respect between the gerstell academy of critical thinking military and civilian members of the Army is a long-standing tradition. Since the Army’s beginning in 1775, military and civilian roles have stayed separate, yet necessarily related. Taken in combination, traditions, functions, and laws also help clarify duties of military and. ? In the hearts and thesis minds of those, of whence, traditions of Customs and Courtesies bear true allegiance of men and academy definition of critical thinking women in all forms of military . Nor was it just respectful, tactful, and traditional but it is and always will be a true demonstration of superior judgment. Succumbed with today’s mentality.
sailor. Most importantly, I am a VERY proud Military Mom with a son serving our country overseas. M Phil? While I lived and worked on military bases I was always treated with the utmost respect and did not fear for my own safety at any time on base. The military has made great strides in the last few years. Respect- to Hold in Esteem or Honor.
Respect - to hold in esteem or honor. In an institution on par with the United States Army it is not a commodity dexterously procured but one that is acquired through feats of personal courage and valor. It is earned through sweat, blood, tears, and in an is an attribute undoubtedly most deserved by the men. Respect is something that everyone in thesis life wants to receive from apa citations in an essay everybody that they deal with on m phil thesis, a day to day basis. From my first hand experience I can tell u that respect is one thing that has to bank of scotland papers, be earned. A lot of people think that people should give them respect just because they are alive well. MILITARY BEARING, DISCIPLINE AND RESPECT The United States Army is structured on several values and principles that it upholds, among these are military bearing, discipline and respect . M Phil Thesis? These principles represents what the organization strongly believes in and governs the most basic customs and courtesies. Respect to your chain of command showing respect to your chain command is a form of essay sentence discipline that every soldier should have towards their higher ranking individuals. these men and m phil thesis women got to their postion through working hard and following the armys codes of essay first sentence conduct. They try to instile the best.
Respect is an abstract value, as such it has little meaning on its own. It is not a definable object, as a concept by definition is undefinable. The value of an abstract is given to it by the norms associated with it. Norms, not being abstract in nature, are definable controls capable of giving meaning. Homosexuals in the Military Prejudice and ignorance are two of the most prominent ills of our society today.
The way gay soldiers are treated today is no exception. Many have been forced to resign due to their sexual orientation, which has little or nothing to do with their ability as soldiers. The Future Impact of Samuel Huntington's Clash of Civilizations Theory on m phil thesis, My Military Service. Civilizations Theory on My Military Service Introduction Increased Deployments Increased Conflict Mitigation Increased Troop Levels Post Conflict Focus on Humanitarian Operations Trending Towards Humanitarian Operations Development of Civil Affairs as a Military Branch Focus on Post.
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How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and m phil thesis, easier. Reflection Essays describe an email cover subject, event or experience, and then analyze the meaning of m phil that experience and thesis, what can be learned from it. A real experience. Something you imagine. A place or special object. A person who influenced you. Something you've read, watched or heard. If you haven't been assigned a topic, look at my table below for an idea, or follow the m phil, link to the right about 100 Reflection Topic Ideas. Example: I'm visiting my mom who lives near the beach that I went to a lot growing up, so I'm going to write about that.
Depending on your topic, you may need to close your eyes and remember, read, watch, listen or imagine. Spend a few minutes vividly thinking or experiencing your subject. Example: I went to first generator, walk along the beach today and just enjoyed the sand, water, and wind. M Phil Thesis. I thought about of scotland, many other beach walks I've taken and m phil, filled my mind with memories of other beach trips. Write down everything you can think of about your subject. You want to describe this subject as vividly as you can, so think about smells, tastes, noises, and tastes along with what you see. Try to write down vivid adjectives which describe these sensory experiences.
Look at the Sense Describing Words chart for help. You can write this in sentences or just phrases. Just get as much down as you can. Later you will turn this into a paragraph. Example: I see the roll of the research, waves coming in a roar up to the shore. M Phil. The waves beat over essay generator, and over on m phil the beach. Each wave is the Heuristic principles, same and yet every wave is unique.
I saw the sun covered by a cloud which reflected the light so that rays spread out in m phil, all directions. The salt smell of the spray felt fresh and gerstell definition of critical thinking, clean. The cool foam of the edge of the wave covered my feet as they sank down in the sand. I walked along swinging my sandals in m phil, one hand. I took pictures of the sand, the gulls, the email resume cover letter subject, waves, then embarrassed, I took a selfie of myself against the ocean waves. Step Four: Pick Reflection Questions. Look at m phil thesis, my list of thesis Reflection Questions below and pick at thesis, least 3 you want to answer.
Example: I pick the questions: What did I notice? What does this event mean to me? How did this place shape my life? What did I notice? How did I feel about academy definition, this? Why did it make me feel this way?
How was my experience of this unique to me? How did others who were there experience it differently? Why? How has this changed me? What might I have done differently? What is the m phil thesis, meaning of apa citations this event in my life? How is this similar to something else that I've experienced? How can I use this to help someone else? How does this event relate to the rest of my life?
How is this typical in my life? Was this a good or a bad thing for m phil, me? How did this experience foretell things that would happen later? Was my experience the bank research, same as someone else's or different? What skills did I learn? How can I apply what I learned to my life? How can I apply this experience to my studies? How can this help me in my career? What about this experience challenged me socially? In what way did this expand my understanding of my own culture? or a different culture?
How was this emotionally important? or emotionally difficult? How did this experience relate to my understanding of thesis theology, God or religion? What questions did this experience make me have? How has this changed the way I think? How has this made me realize someone else was right?
How was this unexpected? Or how did this fulfill my expectations? Would I want to repeat this experience? Would this experience be the same if I did it again? How did this affect me and principles, why? Why did I have the reaction I did to this? Read your question and then answer it. This doesn't have to be in a formal essay form or perfect sentences. You just want to get as many ideas down as possible. What did I notice?
I he ard the call of the m phil, seagulls and sheridan-baker, the sound of thesis families calling to one another. Couples walked hand in hand. Parents played in the sand with their children. Sheridan-baker Thesis. I saw the holes in the sand where I knew sand crabs were scrambling to hide. I noticed the cool wind on my face and the homes right up against thesis the sand. Only one thing is bank research papers, left and you will be ready to write your essay.
You need to decide what is the most important thing that you learned from m phil this experience, or what is the sheridan-baker, memory you will carry with you. M Phil. That most important thing will be the sheridan-baker thesis, thesis of m phil your paper. Example: What I learned from this trip to academy, the beach is that I need to remember that in the midst of being a caregiver to thesis, my mother, my husband, my five kids, my students and my friends, that I also need to of scotland research, care for myself and create a space for myself where I can rest and renew. If you'd like to see the m phil, final essay I've written using the academy of critical, pre-writing exercises I've done for m phil thesis, this essay look at Reflective Essay Sample on a Visit to the Beach . 1. Vivid summary and sheridan-baker, description of the thesis, experience, place, imagination or reading so that your reader feels they have also experienced it. 2. Apa Citations In An. Explanation of your thoughts, feelings and reactions about m phil, this experience. Teachers often assign these sorts of essays to get students to think about Heuristic, what they are learning and to delve deeper into an experience. Here are some examples of class assignments:
Literature: This type of essay asks you to summarize and then respond to a piece of literature in m phil thesis, order to understand it better and relate it to your own life and experiences. Professional: Teachers, doctors, and social workers often use this type of writing in their training in order to analyze their own behavior in response to other people so that they can understand more clearly how to better do their jobs. Educational: Sometimes instructors will ask students to respond to a lecture or other school assignment so that they can show what they understand. Writing about what you are learning can also help you share and interact with other students as well as the instructor. Personal Growth: This kind of writing can help you learn how to understand and principles, analyze their own life experiences. It can also help you grow emotionally as you learn to understand yourself better. Take your notes and use those to write your final draft. M Phil Thesis. Here are some tips: Introduction: Either start with a vivid description of the place, your experience, or a summary of what you are reflecting about.
End with your thesis idea. Sometimes you may want to put a question first and then the answer. Example Thesis: Why was I feeling so peaceful while walking down this beach? I realized it was because the beach had always been a place of rest to me. Body: Each of the questions you've answered can be a paragraph in the body of your essay. Take your notes and expand them.
Add more details and examples from your experience and your life story. Conclusion: Explain and expand on your thesis idea. Tell how this experience taught you something new or how it helped you to cover subject, understand something. Another way to m phil thesis, conclude is to suggest where you might like to go from this point in thinking about your thesis idea. Example Conclusion: I sent my photo of For Rhonda to my friend along with a text letting her know how much I appreciate her help in letting me know that we can always find places to relax and renew in the midst of our busy lives. Now, I want to find a way to help Rhonda have a day off of her own, and I'm hoping someday we can take a trip to the beach together. What experience is most meaningful for you? Reflection essays are not just a school exercise. Thinking about a real experience and drawing conclusions from help you learn. Here is how professionals use these sorts of essays:
Medical Students write about patients they see. They can use this essay type to carefully describe the patient and the thoughts they have as they determine the correct treatment. Apa Citations In An Essay. They can reflect on thesis how well they interacted with the patient and draw conclusions on what worked and what didn't so that they can better interact with patients. Doctors can use reflective essays to better fine-tune their ability to provide effective health care in a caring manner that makes patients not only believe them but also follow their advice. They can reflect on how well their body language, words, and tone of voice convinced the patient to apa citations in an, make good lifestyle choices or helped a patient deal with difficult medical information. M Phil Thesis. Nurses and medical assistants write about email letter subject, their care of patients. By thinking back on m phil different cases and email cover letter, their own responses to patient requests, nurses can better understand how they can help patients deal with pain, stress, and illness. This sort of writing can also help nurses deal with the stress of the emotions they must handle from thesis both doctors and Heuristic principles, patients, and help them understand their role in helping both. Teachers benefit from writing about experiences in teaching and doing case studies of m phil difficult students.
By reviewing their emotions about their teaching and examining patterns in what worked or did not work, teachers can better plan their lessons and solve problems with student learning and behavior. Social Workers can use this kind of paper to help them analyze the environment and problems of their clients. They can also encourage their clients to write out Heuristic principles, their experiences in order to help them see the causes and effects of their behavior and circumstances, as well as to see ways they can change. Business People use this type of m phil written assignment to analyze the interactions in of scotland research, a business setting and to help them to envision how they can better present their service or product to customers. Reflective Essay Sample with Writing Tips. by Virginia Kearney 8. by Virginia Kearney 5. Essay Form and Structure: How to Write an Essay.
by Evi Lopez 10. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37.
100 Science Topics for thesis, Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. Safiyya Mused 2 months ago. my name is Heuristic, Safiyya. I'm 18 years old , from Yemen . I am a writer and this is the m phil thesis, first day I read your sharing and I am so glad for that, thank you dear. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Puthy Ken, I used to teach students from Cambodia and principles, I know that you work very hard.
I'm glad you are continuing your studies and I wish you the best! Lenaye Murphy 4 months ago. Thank u so much! Dear, Virginia. Thanks for your sharing.
It helps me much to m phil, do my assignment of MA course in sheridan-baker, Cambodia. I am one of graduated students here are really need more documents in this our developing country. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Hi, Amanda! I'm so glad that my essay helped you. Keep up with your writing. The most important thing is to practice doing some writing every day! Amanda Daherian 4 months ago. Hello Ms.
Virginia, my name is Amanda and I am 15 years old. M Phil Thesis. Thank you so much for these advantageous information, and your sample essay?! It was really amazing. Thank you so much. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Hi Ginny--I'm so glad to hear of of scotland papers your teaching to seniors, and especially the fact that you are teaching them reflective writing. I've also called it personal or memory writing when I've taught it in the past. M Phil Thesis. I think for Heuristic, seniors this sort of writing is so valuable because it allows them to gather memories and reflect on m phil thesis the meaning of events in their lives. What a legacy for them to leave for the younger members of their family.
My mom just passed away this week and she was not a writer, but my cousin and Heuristic principles, I got together with her a couple of months ago and they talked together while I wrote down what they said. M Phil. That sort of memory writing is a wonderful legacy for grandchildren. Please remind your seniors that even though children and Heuristic, grandchildren may not be interested in hearing about memories, there will be a time in their lives when they need that strength and the lessons from the family past. M Phil Thesis. Blessings to thesis, you! Ginny Price 6 months ago. I have taught writing in elementary school for at least 18 years and now that I am retired I have been asked to teach a group of seniors about writing.The reflective writing is one I have done but never called it that.
Thanks for all the clear cut ideas to help me be successful teaching it to this new group. I feel sure they will have so much to say! Thanks. Virginia Kearney 7 months ago from United States. Hi Natalie! Thanks for taking the time to let me know that my work is helping homeschoolers. I have many friends who homeschool and they are often concerned about m phil, teaching writing correctly. Bank Of Scotland Research Papers. That is one of the reasons I've posted my personal instructions for my own college students. Thank you for sharing your knowledge. I am a home school mum and this will really help my son with writing a reflective essay.
Thank you so very much! I'm a middle schooler doing a reflective essay on music and this REALLY helped. Again THANK YOU. hubber8893 18 months ago. Deliberately well explanation of the term Reflective Essay with many good points to be induced in the writing, like feelings, observations etc. I will try to write a reflective essay and for sure, try my best to adopt your instructions.
Kristen Howe 18 months ago from m phil Northeast Ohio. Anytime Virginia. Good for you. Virginia Kearney 18 months ago from United States. Thanks! I love teaching Reflective Essays because it helps my students to understand that writing can be personally meaningful. Generator. Many of my students are at thesis, turning points in their lives and thinking about lots of important decisions. I teach them that writing down their thoughts and feelings often helps them to academy, clarify what they are thinking. Kristen Howe 18 months ago from Northeast Ohio. Virginia, congrats on thesis HOTD! I never heard of reflective essays before.
This is so interesting and useful for letter subject, those to explore your own emotions in expressive writing on your ideas, hopes and dreams. Thanks for m phil, sharing. Venkatachari M 18 months ago from Hyderabad, India. Awesome hub dealing with the gerstell academy of critical thinking, many salient features, uses and importance of reflective essays in day-to-day life of so many fields of people. It is very useful and informative. M Phil. Thanks for sharing this valuable information and congrats on the HOTD award. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is very useful and valuable to teachers and students. I only wish I had this guide when I was in high school.
Maggie.L 3 years ago from UK. Some great advice here for writing a reflective essay. This will really help my daughter with her essay writing skills. Thanks for sharing. Voted up and useful. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Grand Old Lady-you are so write that teaching can be very tough in the trenches.
A lot of it depends on the students you are teaching and essay sentence, the attitude of the administration. M Phil. I am very fortunate to teach at a wonderful Christian University with many inspiring students. Mona Sabalones Gonzalez 3 years ago from Philippines. You gave some very helpful tips and sheridan-baker, prompts on reflective writing. I also loved the video.
It reminded me of my own teaching days and helped me to m phil, re-connect with the idea that teaching is principles, a noble profession. It's oh, so true but when you get into m phil thesis, the daily battle of it, it can be so easily be forgotten. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and sheridan-baker, respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of m phil thesis their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
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