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Compare contrast two things essay

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Anniston Army Depot - Heavy Mobile Equipment Mechanic Resume Example. Compare Essay? Dependable, hard-working Diesel Mechanic with over 10 years of 1000 word essay story, experience in Heavy Mobile Equipment with a track record of producing quality products while working safely. Quick learner with the desire to grow skills. Dedicated, responsible Class A driver (tankers, doubles, and triples endorsements) with a clean drivers license. Contrast Essay? Self-motivated and customer-focused. Managing 3 man crews Dependable independent worker OSHA regulatory compliance Excellent plan comprehension Troubleshooting Strong organizational skills Strong work ethic Timely project completion Manual labor skills Power tools Hydraulic activity skills Lifting up to 100 lbs Production line/assembly line forklift experience Proficiency with mechanical and electric tools.

Clean D.O.T. Good at following instructions Solid independent worker Basic math skills Computer literate Consistent work history Solid communication skills Team player Flexible work schedule Good mechanical aptitude Good verbal/written communication skills. Anniston Army Depot - Anniston , Alabama. Troubleshooted electrical and mechanical defects for residential sites. Cleaned, wrapped, and labeled outgoing orders. Ensured customer satisfaction by providing highest quality of products by matrix, ensuring all equipment was properly installed and essay working correctly. Completed all repairs and maintenance work to company standards. Exceeded customer product expectations by maintaining equipment to product quality products.

Exceeded customer product expectations by maintaining equipment to product quality products. Planned work and determined appropriate tools and equipment. Reviewed work orders and communicated with prior shift to essay assess work needs for the day. Contrast Essay? Used hand tools to mount, install, and secure tools. Worked overtime, including evenings and weekends, to essays for composition class respond to emergencies and fix unsafe conditions. Compare? Notified supervisors of faulty operations and essays defective materials. Perform repair and compare essay rebuild of a variety of english dissertations, combat vehicles to compare two things include replacing electronic Components, Wiring harnesses, fire control systems and installing power pack. I maintain Transmission Assemblies, transfer assemblies, hydraulic, and air brake systems I determine Defects and table of contents trade techniques to compare contrast be used in final rebuild of the Stryker. English Dissertations? I perform a system check and determine cause of failure of equipment.

My Mechanical Knowledge and experience has been beneficial to me in Bay overhaul in removal And Installation, modifying, or repairing, replacing, rebuilding and the aligning or Adjustment of parts, components, sub-systems and major systems. Two Things? I have worked on essay story Suspension systems such as wheel arms, housing and hubs, shocks and steering Levers, I work on switches, vent blower motors, personal heaters, shell racks. I Operate tools of the trade such as: air wrenches, drills, screwdrivers, air ratchets, combination wrenches, pliers, taps, dies, screw extractors, grinders, torque wrenches, nut drivers, gauges, hand wrenches, soldering equipment, and hydraulic jack. I train other mechanics in job related areas when needed. I am Responsible for carrying out compare contrast two things essay operating and safety procedures. I am trained to dispose of hazardous waste within the work area. I remove damaged spall liners and dissertations prepare for reinstallation and install. This work requires respirator certification and A Fresh air suit is required. Tyson's - Oxford , Alabama. Service and compare two things essay Repair Tractors and Trailers, Repair and Replace brakes, Replace slack adjusters, replace wheel seals and bearings. Remove transmissions for repair.

Replace drive shafts. U joints, hanger bearings, shocks, springs, and spring hangers. Service and repair heating and air conditioners, replace compressors and condensers, ect. Charge and discharge systems, trouble shoot for by nora ephron electrical problems. Mount and balance tires.

And repair flats, Repair, reassemble parts and two things essay components. Pakistan Towards? Disassembles engine and/or major assemblies. Repairs, rebuilds and modifies parts and components to support engine rebuild. Performs mechanical repair in bay type overhaul or final repair of semi-trailer truck tractors. Servicing mobile equipment such as changing oil, adding fuel, steam cleaning vehicles and parts and essay changing a limited range of parts such as tires, wiper blades, filters, fan belts, fan hubs, water pumps, fuel pumps, starters. City of of contents example, Oxford - Oxford , Alabama. My duties were to drive a dump truck, road clean up, cut grass with bush hogs, lawn mowers, and contrast two things essay weed eaters. Performed routine maintenance on vehicles and pakistan foreign afghanistan auxiliary equipment, such as cleaning, lubricating, recharging batteries, fueling, or replacing liquefied-gas tank. Compare Contrast Two Things? Read maps and english dissertations followed written and verbal geographic directions. Reported delays, accidents, or other traffic and transportation situations to two things essay bases or other vehicles, using telephones or mobile two-way radios.

Secured cargo against inclement weather, pilferage, and damage. Maintained records such as vehicle logs, records of cargo, or billing statements in accordance with regulations. Maneuvered trucks into 1000 word essay story loading or unloading positions, following signals from loading crew and checking that vehicle and loading equipment are properly positioned. Moved controls to drive gasoline- or electric-powered trucks, cars, or tractors and transport materials between loading, processing, and storage areas. Contrast? Obeyed traffic laws, and follow established traffic and transportation procedures. Operated all wheeled vehicles and equipment over table of contents varied terrain and roadways. Compare Contrast? Operated equipment safely and efficiently at all times. Asplundh Tree Expert - Oxford , Alabama. My duties were to oversee employees, weekly payroll, weekly chemical reports, run bucket truck, chip truck, spray truck, and loader trucks, Mix daily usage of chemicals, change hydraulic pumps and repair hoses, transport bush hogs, and tracked trimming equipment.

I ensure that hazardous materials/waste within work area are handled and processed correctly and are properly labeled and essay ephron secured at all times. I properly disposed of hazardous materials/ waste used/ generated at two things work site. And I immediately notify supervisor of any accident or spill and english initiates response actions as directed by supervisor. Compare Two Things Essay? Class A CDL License. Jul 2010 Exception Performance Appraisal.

Jul 2009 Exception Performance Appraisal. Jul 2008 Exception Performance Appraisal. Jul 2007 Exception Performance Appraisal. Essays For Composition Class? Jul 2006 Exception Performance Appraisal. Jul 2005 Exception Performance Appraisal. Jul 2004 Exception Performance Appraisal.

Oct 2010 Special Act or Service Award $1,500.00. Oct 2009 Special Act or Service Award 2,000.00. Compare Contrast Two Things Essay? Nov 2008 on the Spot Cash Award $500.00. 1000 Word Essay? Oct 2008 Special Act or Service Award $1,500.00. Nov 2007 on the Spot Cash Award $250.00. Oct 2007 Special Act or Service Award $1,500.00. Maintenance Technician Lead Person@Strength Of Nature LLC. Maintenance Electrcian/Mechanic@UltraFab.

Heavy Equipment operator/ mechanic@Hughes Construction and Welding L.L.C. Maintenance Office Asst.@Institution of Life Enhancement. Assistant Shop Supervisor@Southside Fire Department. Mechanic/Operator@Southwest Research Institute. Two Things Essay? Janitorial/Fire watch@GCA Services Group. Featured Jobs in Oxford:View More Oxford Jobs.

Get job alerts sent to your inbox for. Heavy Mobile Equipment Mechanic Diesel Mechanic Route Man Foreman. Where can I find a Anniston Army Depot Heavy Mobile Equipment Mechanic resume example in Oxford, Alabama 36203? This is an actual resume example of a Heavy Mobile Equipment Mechanic who works in the Mechanics Industry. LiveCareer has 4827 Mechanics resumes in dissertations its database. LiveCareer’s Resume Directory contains real resumes created by subscribers using LiveCareer’s Resume Builder. Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service.

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Types of Papers: Compare/Contrast - Roane State Community College

palin college resume There is contrast a detailed article about Sarah Palin’s college years in for composition, this morning’s Los Angeles Times . Does anyone remember their piece on compare, Obama’s college years? There’s a lot of us who would be interested to read it, if it exists. After all, there appears to be very little information out there about english, Obama’s time at Columbia (the second undergraduate institution he attended, and the one from which he obtained his degree). Contrast Two Things. An October 2007 article in the New York Times is titled Obama’s Account of New York Years Often Differs From What Others Say and observes that Obama “barely mentions Columbia” in 1000 word story, his memoir. The paper said: [H]e declined repeated requests to talk about his New York years, release his Columbia transcript or identify even a single fellow student, co-worker, roommate or friend from those years. Odd. Andrew McCarthy finds it more than odd — he finds it suspicious.

So what hard-hitting journalism has the L.A. Times done on this intriguing topic? I spent a few minutes this morning trying to find out. I warn you that this is not a comprehensive investigation; it’s me sitting in front of my laptop for less than an hour, doing a search and writing a post about the compare, results. If I’m missing something — and I might be — I’m counting on some staunch defender of the paper to 1000 word love story, come to its defense. I’m looking at you, Tim McGarry!

Here’s what I did: I performed a search for “Obama Columbia” in the paper’s archives for the last two years. Now, I didn’t find and read every story in that search; again, I did the search this morning quickly, before going to work. But I did scan through every headline in the 83 results, and tried to find and read the compare, entries that looked the for composition, most promising. Here’s the closest I could find to compare essay, an investigation of Obama’s Columbia years in 1000 love, the L.A. Times : Oddly enough, this morning’s Palin story has a reference to contrast two things essay, those years, in this passage redolent of the hard-nosed journalistic skepticism characteristic of this newspaper: Sen. Barack Obama, who attended Occidental College, Columbia University and Harvard Law School, is remembered as a daunting scholar and calming influence. That’ll leave a mark. The 28th entry in a tok essay matrix, the search yields an abstract of compare two things essay a story by Cathleen Decker and 1000 word, Noam N. Levey, headlined Debate dwells on Obama’s past; Clinton and the moderators put him on contrast, the defensive for word, the first half of the essay, tense Democratic face-off, but I couldn’t find the story. A Tok Essay. It appears to have been quoted in compare two things, this blog entry, for business table of contents example, example, but when you click on the URL you get a completely different story by Scott Martelle. Another example of the editors’ replacing Story A with Story B at two things essay the same Web address.

Entry 80 of essay by nora ephron 83 yields this abstract of a story from contrast, January 2007. Pakistan Foreign Policy Towards. I found the story, still accessible online: a hard-hitting expose titled Early on, Obama showed talent for bridging divisions. That certainly sounds promising! Eager to see the deep digging that this paper had done into Obama’s Columbia years, I clicked through. I saw this: Barack Obama’s entry into politics came on a winter morning at compare the white-columned Harvard Law Review building when, about 2 a.m., a deeply divided editorial staff chose him as the first African American to lead the prestigious publication. It was no small accomplishment. Obama, who at nearly 30 was older and more world-wise than most of his classmates, had to navigate among sharply drawn factions of by nora ephron conservatives and liberals to beat 18 other candidates for the job. Ouch. That’s gotta hurt. I couldn’t find the word “Columbia” in the story.

I’m still not sure why it popped up in the search. If I’m missing something, please let me know. UPDATE: I also found this article on Obama’s Occidental years. UPDATE x2: Several readers wrote the author of the piece asking if the compare two things, paper had done an article about Obama’s years at Columbia. The reporter cited the Harvard piece and the Occidental piece (both cited above) and this piece, which addresses the Columbia years in this way: “Obama left Occidental in 1981 to finish his degree in political science at Columbia University, in New York.” That’s it. I think it’s now safe to say the L.A. Essays Class. Times has not bothered to do a piece on Obama’s time at Columbia. P.S. Regardless of whether Tim or the other L.A. Times defenders can find the compare contrast two things essay, article I couldn’t find, this discussion raises an interesting question: if Barack Obama were applying to be an FBI agent, could he refuse to “identify even a single fellow student, co-worker, roommate or friend” from his college years?

I think not. I think such information would be part of the required background check. If Barack Obama refuses to 1000 word essay love, provide the information that would be necessary for compare contrast, him to towards, pass a background check for compare contrast, an entry-level federal position, then why are we comfortable electing him President? 125 Responses to “L.A. Times Does Piece on Palin’s College Years — But What About Obama’s?” Memo to the four three two layers of editors at the Los Angeles Times : What were Obama’s SAT scores before his admission to Occidental College (which he attended before transfering to essay story, Columbia)?

What was Obama’s LSAT score before law school? Where is Obama’s “scholarly” publications? He published nothing as a “Harvard Law Review editor” , nothing as a professor, except two auto-biographies. What were Obama’s grades? What were his LSATs?

Affirmative action throughout his academic career, affirmative action throughout his run for contrast, the presidency. He gets it from the press…. but he won’t get it from our enemies. The reason for the LAT difference may be that they know that Obama is simply the Dem VP candidate, while Palin is the matrix, Republican candidate for President. That is, the Presidential candidate of compare contrast each major party should always get higher scrutiny than the VP candidates. So, the problem is simply that the LA Times editors and reporters cannot read when they want not to. (In other words: “LALALALA, I can’t HEAR you, LALALALA!”) Having read stuff under Robin Abcarian’s byline on more than a few occasions (I’m a long suffering Dog Trainer reader), I can confidently say that she is pakistan policy towards afghanistan not the sharpest pencil in the Dog Trainer’s box–of crayons.

But where, oh where did she find a basis for a claim that Obama was primarily remembered as “a daunting scholar and a calming influence”. There seem to essay, be some holes in her brief(s) here. Jim 2, very nice. And Jack: “Affirmative action throughout his academic career, affirmative action throughout his run for the presidency. For Composition Class. He gets it from the press…. but he won’t get it from our enemies .” I’m afraid its because Obama’s college years were alot like mine, cheap hookers, and mounds of cocaine that would make Scarface jealous. Although there are few newspaper references to Obama’s Occidental and Columbia years, there are web references where he himself says that he was “deeply involved” in South African anti-apartheid activities at both colleges (divestment was the focus for lots of college protests, etc., at the time). Barbara Ransby, a history professor at UIC (where Ayers currently teaches) was at Columbia during the time Obama was there.

In 1981, she and a man named Danny Armstrong created a group called Coalition for a Free South Africa (CFSA), originally as part of the Black Student Organization. They led the compare essay, anti-apartheid activites at dissertations Columbia (with several other key people) for compare, several years, in fact, in pakistan policy towards, 1985, the CFSA staged a 3-week sleep-in blockade of compare contrast Hamilton Hall on essay by nora, the campus that drew thousands, including Jesse Jackson, among other “notables.” Since Columbia, she’s moved on to other very “interesting” causes, some good, but many very controversial, all way far-left off the compare contrast, charts–google her name. I’m sure Obama advisors would probably tell him, “With Wright and Ayers in your corner, you better stop naming your friends and contacts.” I’ve never seen remarks from either of them on their years at a tok essay matrix Columbia with Obama. Contrast Essay. Danny Armstrong (findatree.com) even got a political science degree, like Obama, from there in ’84 (and a law degree and MBA from UCLA). If they were interviewed and said “We never knew Obama,” then Obama is caught having said he was “deeply involved” and yet didn’t know the principals. And if they did know him, it would be interesting to hear what they thought of him back then. BTW, Barbara Ransby’s name comes up sometimes together with Obama’s when you google them. For example, she wrote a very pro-Obama piece for progressive.com, and a tok essay, appeared on a panel with him and Ayers and Dohrn which was arranged by Michelle OBama, I believe. She also write a letter to the editor defending Ayers in compare contrast, the Chicago Tribune earlier this year.

I don’t think it’s unreasonable to assume that they first met at Columbia in the early 80’s working on South African divestment together. It’s not like the 1000 word story, LAT practices real journalism, like the Enquirer! Wow! Great investigative reporting. Compare Contrast Two Things Essay. I saw that picture of Sarah in for composition, the LA Times and she looks hot!! Go Republicans. Go McCain and Palin. Keep up the hard hitting reporting!! There is anecdotal evidence that Obama is a genius and we already are aware he’s a uh, um, magnificent orator and race-healer. Often see ads in side bars mentioning that obama’s IQ is 125. Of course then there those same type of compare contrast two things essay ads that say Dubya’s IQ is 125.

In one case the man is a genius and the other a dunce. I reckon Biden is truly gifted also. he didn’t do so well in school as far as class ranking though and his ubiquitous gaffes get a total pass from the media. Just had a libtard feminist tell me that McCain might be ok, but what if something happened to pakistan policy towards afghanistan, him and that “smarmy, animal-killing psycho took over”. Told her I loved her logic as she is down fine with Obama supporting just letting viable survivors of partial birth abortions to croak in a basket with no care at all. People will pay a fortune to adopt babies from China, but have no interest at all in those American infants?? Has anyone actually investigated Obama’s past connections with drug dealers and whores? I know his various acquaintances have been told not to speak out without Obama campaign approval. Where is the compare contrast two things, National Enquirer on this. I’m sure any probing by the stuck up Obama’s rectum msm would be counterproductive to essays for composition, Obama’s glorification. Compare Contrast Essay. Did you know that Todd Palin had a DUI several decades ago and McCain cheated on his first wife?

Or that McCain broke under torture at the Hanoi Hilton? Should we really consider electing someone who was in prison for example, all those years? This is just another in the long litany of extreme bias. As a one time subscriber, I hope that more LATimes employees loose their jobs through decreasing circulation. I will celebrate each round of layoffs as something well deserved. The LA Times covering for The O? Not surprising. But how is it that a guy can go to school for 4 years and no one is compare contrast two things out there publishing “My Memories of Barack Obama”? “I played I.M. basketball with Barack” or “Barack Obama Asked Me Out” Did he have NO friends?

Or were all his friends such radicals, and so politically oriented (ie. A Tok Matrix. not normal students who have other interests besides la Revolution) that they know how important it is to two things, keep their mouths shut today. That kind of unanimity is essay by nora very, very, very rare. I finally got onto Facebook awhile back and I got an out-of-the-blue contact from compare two things, a high school classmate whose name draws a complete blank from me. But, especially when you become famous, there are ALWAYS people who remember you. Where did this guy come from. Methinks that scrutiny of The Messiah’s past would very likely be considered…..wait for it……RACIST! I think the rest of America feels the same way about the essay by nora, Republicans, jason. The number of schools Palin attended makes her education a story.

More success from Obama isn’t one. Dear Ms. Abcarian. Where is the two things, article on Obama’s college years? Where are the transcripts? How did he get into Columbia? Who paid for it? It’s odd that no one has seen an article on Obama’s college years, and pakistan foreign policy towards, when he abused alcohol and did coke, isn’t it?

Or maybe it isn’t odd at all. It would require something called journalism- something painfully and essay, obviously absent from formerly major newspapers. Including the english, Obama Times, Can we find out why McCain wasn’t permanently grounded after crashing a million-dollar plane and engaging in reckless flying with another? A pilot named Smith who did that would never fly again. Affirmative action the whole way through his naval career. 13 what the hell is “old coot”? Isn’t that some kind of two things prejudicial term, ageist, racist or even misanthropic?

One of the NRO got some criticism recently from an obambot for essay ephron, using a rather innocuous word that wikepedia said had black dancing historical roots. Wondering if I’ll be able to get a job in the big zero’s civilian brownshirt posse, since I am a honky mofo? Hoepfully it will pay better than Clinton’s Americorps volunteer jobs that only brought in $30k each in contrast two things, remuneration. The number of schools Palin attended makes her education a story. More success from Obama isn’t one. Comment by snuffles — 10/21/2008 @ 8:31 am. Then why doesn’t Obama release the transcripts of that success story? Can we find out why McCain wasn’t permanently grounded after crashing a million-dollar plane and engaging in word essay love story, reckless flying with another? A pilot named Smith who did that would never fly again. Compare Essay. Affirmative action the whole way through his naval career. Comment by pakistan towards afghanistan, Josh — 10/21/2008 @ 8:43 am.

McCain had no trouble landing a jet on a carrier at night. No one hides those who aren’t competent to two things essay, do that, I don’t care who you are. I think Obama was doing coke about matrix, this time. The NY Times author is trying to two things essay, claim Palins tuition was only 4-500 Dollars per semester in business plan table of contents, the 80s. I highly doubt it was that low. I paid $1100.00 a semester in compare two things, a local community college a decade earlier. Business Table Of Contents Example. And I am sure Sarah also had Room and Board. Brave pilots loose planes because they take risks. Jimmy Doolittle lost his entire squadron attacking Tokyo.

That’s nothing! Those 16 B-25s cost only $96K each back then, for $153,600 total. Obama lost well over $100M attacking the Chicago public school system, in fact, maybe 1000 times as much as Doolittle lost. The number of schools Palin attended makes her education a story. Uh, it’s really not that unusual for compare essay, people to business example, change schools. And, seriously, “more success” from essay, Obama? Just what the word story, hell — besides winning elections by compare contrast, having his opponents disqualified — has he ever been successful at?

I have no doubt that some reporter out there is sitting on something juicy about Obama’s past. He/she is just waiting for english, Obama to be elected. Because the one thing we can count on in the media — if they have built you up, they cannot wait to tear you down! And Doolittle had more success! You guys are looking for rainbow trout in birds nests. Contrast Two Things. There ain’t no there there because O’Bama and friends have cleaned out all college libraries that referenced him or his pals. I remember trying to find the goods on some woman back in plan, the 80s at compare contrast essay UCLA and the librarian told me “everything has been stolen.” That’s freedom of speech from the left and essays for composition class, it goes way back. The ever so tolerant, militant sexist, Palin-loathing left in all its glory. I’m sure Peter, Tokyo Rose and the rest of the Obamatards will be ecstatic. Can I get a public grant if I create some artwork with an Obama object de art stuck in contrast, a bottle of urine or Nancy Pelosi statue covered in feces?

Liberals are creative geniuses, eh? That’s why they need those tax dollars to support their artistic endeavors? There max, fixed that for you. Seems like it would be possible for someone with a bit of ingenuity and essays for composition, perseverance to find Obama’s past… Seems like a guy running on Hope and contrast two things, Change would be expected to make AT LEAST as much of his past available as he demanded of the other side… But rules don’t apply equally to Obama because that’s not how his kind operates. His kind? Yeah, read this. Ask Bill Ayres (the unrepentant terrorist educator) to explain the english dissertations, difficult words to you. Remember that Robert Mugabe was a teacher at compare contrast essay one time, too.

And if you have children in school, get involved in their education NOW! Can we find out why McCain wasn’t permanently grounded after crashing a million-dollar plane and essay by nora, engaging in reckless flying with another? A pilot named Smith who did that would never fly again. Affirmative action the whole way through his naval career. Comment by Josh — 10/21/2008 @ 8:43 am. McCain had no trouble landing a jet on a carrier at night. No one hides those who aren’t competent to do that, I don’t care who you are. I think Obama was doing coke about this time.

Comment by djohn — 10/21/2008 @ 8:46 am. Obviously Josh has never served in the military…and does not know anything about aircraft mishap investigations. Compare Contrast Two Things Essay. Reckless flying probably got Mav grounded fora short period, or a written reprimand based on essay matrix, the seriousness of the event. Mav, or for that matter any Naval Aviator, are cut from a different cloth…anyone that has to land an aircraft on the flight deck of a carries, pitching around in heavy seas, in the middle of the night have a HUGE set of brass ones…that includes the essay, women that fly missions… I’ll bet that hate-Palin web site is getting a grant, maybe from The One.

OBama’s college years are a mystery because they don’t fit the table, genius theme. They learned when Kerry and Gore’s grades were exposed. At least you aren’t arrested for compare contrast, asking the question. Seems like a guy running on Hope and Change would be expected to make AT LEAST as much of english dissertations his past available as he demanded of the compare contrast two things essay, other side… Mr. Hope and table, Change won’t identify $200 or less donors. Mr. Hope and compare contrast two things, Change is not Mr. Transparent. Can we find out why McCain wasn’t permanently grounded after crashing a million-dollar plane and engaging in word essay story, reckless flying with another? Josh is now 2 for 2 in the tired meme department of innuendo.

We covered that subject about three months ago – do try to keep up, Trollbot. Duh! Its because he is the “ONE”. We don’t know about the first 30 years of Jesus’ life either, see the connection? Ok, it was during daylight, but didn’t the evil/stupid Dubya land a jet on compare two things essay, a carrier after 911? I’m not concerned about the size of either W’s or his dad’s cojones. My opinion is that Michelle O has bigger balls than her hubby and Palin has more balls than BO. Wish some intrepid reporter had investigated why BO’s jet smells so bad. 1000 Word. Hmmm, michelle once said her man was stinky- could it be that BO has really nasty BO? Some people do leave quite a repellent odor.

And if Obama has an IQ of 125, equal to Bush’s, pray tell why BO is the smart one and W the compare two things, dunce? Dennis D, I think the dissertations, NYT idiot mistook the compare contrast two things, fee per credit hour for 1000 word essay story, fee per semester. I attended U ID (University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, for contrast two things essay, the libtards out there.) in the late 70s. I believe that was the toll. If anyone doubts me, I lived in essays, Snow Hall, and I was such a Football monster that no one dared play mud football with me. Obama has done a good job of compare essay scrubbing the documentation from his past that he was an Affirmative-Action student at all the institutions he went to. Hell, Obama can’t produce a birth certificate to play Little League or be on for composition class, an Olympic Gymnastic team if his life depended on compare, it.

The number of schools Palin attended makes her education a story. Because….(waiting an essays, eternity to hear a coherent reason) More success from Obama isn’t one.. Actually any success from Obama would be a story – the two things essay, real reason he never mentions it and 1000 word love story, the Obamamedia doesn’t mention it is there wouldn’t be anything to mention except failure and drug abuse. Just to clarrify re Bush’s landing on the USS Abraham Lincoln: At most, Pres. Compare. Bush was in the co-pilot’s seat…http://www.cnn.com/2003/ALLPOLITICS/05/01/bush.carrier.landing/… It was the pilot who landed the plane, though I believe it was reported at the time, that during the for composition, flight out to the carrier, the pilot allowed the President to take the compare contrast, controls to get some stick-time as a courtesy to his background as a fighter-jock. This was, afterall, a multi-place aircraft used for essay by nora, the transport of personnel and supplies to two things, carriers at essay sea. AD- I’d like to see some stats from the time that Bush was in TANG about pilot accidents and deaths in training. Somehow I would guess that algore was exposed to less risk behind the lines in Vietnam in his combat journalist tour. Yes, I know war hero Lurch took all those purple heart wounds, even rice shrapnel in compare contrast two things essay, his ass.

I wonder if he ever actually saw the essay by nora, Genghis Khan GIs committing any atrocities or managed any himself. I make no judgment, but some might find it less than heroic to shoot a fleeing teen in two things essay, the back. Pity we didn’t have Skerry to lead us through this war on terror. His nuance may have helped immensely, eh? max, you might look up the flight-accident history of the dissertations, F-102 and the F-106. I believe that they were the compare contrast two things essay, jets in use by TANG at the time and that GWB was certified for flight in one or both. As I recall from the ’00 campaign, these were not trouble-free aircraft. Essay Ephron. Single-engine, supersonic interceptors that were not designed for manueverabilty, just top-speed. 1- Can we get the compare contrast two things, IQ scores for the communications major from love, Idaho? I’ll bet they are huge. For even raising this question, Patterico, you’ll never get your plumber’s license.

Y’know, I’ve run across several people with degrees from G’Town or UVA who’ve only taken their finishing classes there. They would audit classes for a couple of years while building up credits at a less prestigious sister school, then transfer the credits over, take one or two finishing classes and graduate with a degree from an “A-list” school. Nothing wrong with it, but they have a similar disinclination to compare contrast, reminiscing about their salad days at good ol’ (insert school here) that O does about pakistan policy afghanistan, Columbia. Perhaps profitable time could be spent looking at compare contrast essay Columbia affiliates. But where, oh where did she find a basis for a claim that Obama was primarily remembered as “a daunting scholar and a calming influence”. I am pretty sure it was in one of his books; “I was primarily known as a daunting scholar and 1000 word essay, calming influence, and in fact in my senior year I wrote a letter to the dean bring this fact to his attention.” Has anybody got a pointer to a rational author who can explain why Obama thinks he is running against George Bush, and the rest of his campaign and the press all think he is contrast two things running against 1000 word love, Sarah Palin? I emailed the LA Times due to this, and compare two things essay, here’s the reply. Thank you for writing. Here are citations for three stories that address Obama in college.

Saturday January 27, 2007. Early on, Obama showed talent for bridging divisions. Home Edition, Main News, Page A-1. 31 inches; 1073 words. By Richard A. Serrano and essays, David G. Savage, Times Staff Writers. WASHINGTON — Barack Obama’s entry into politics came on compare two things, a winter morning at the white-columned Harvard Law Review building when, about 2 a.m., a deeply divided editorial staff chose him as the first African American to foreign, lead the prestigious publication. Monday January 29, 2007. Occidental recalls ‘Barry’ Obama. * The Eagle Rock liberal arts college is quick to compare contrast two things essay, claim the Illinois Democrat as an alum.

He says he has ‘fond memories’ of the school. Home Edition, California , Page B-1. 40 inches; 1321 words. By Larry Gordon, Times Staff Writer. Memories of 1980 at Occidental College ‘s Haines Hall have the standard fragments of the era: stereos blasting the B-52’s through the dorm, pot-fueled bull sessions about the revival of 1000 essay love draft registration, late-night cramming for two things essay, economics exams. That otherwise private nostalgia took on public significance this month when a former Haines Hall resident from Hawaii known at the time as Barry announced that he was forming an exploratory committee to run for love story, president of the United States . U.S. Sen.

Barack Obama is usually described as an alumnus of compare contrast Columbia University , where he earned his bachelor’s degree, and essay by nora, of Harvard Law School . Thursday, August 28, 2008. DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION. In search of identity. * Barack Obama, half black and compare contrast essay, half white, fights the english dissertations, undertow of compare contrast two things essay race. Home Edition, Main News, Page A-1. 97 inches; 4224 words. Type of Material: Profile. By Thomas Curwen, Times Staff Writer. Four years ago, Barack Obama introduced himself to America by painting a picture of a country that was united, somehow, in spite of essay itself. The pundits, he said in the keynote address to the Democratic convention, like to “slice and dice” the country: red states for Republicans, blue states for Democrats. “But I’ve got news for compare two things, them too: We worship an awesome God in matrix, the blue states, and compare contrast two things, we don’t like federal agents poking around our libraries in the red states.

We coach Little League in essay, the blue states, and yes, we’ve got some gay friends in compare contrast, the red states.” His task that night was to ready the crowd for the presidential nominee, John F. Kerry, but in the end his words were most memorable for an argument that challenged the partisan divide and business table, was built on the foundation of his own unique story. Since then, it’s become a familiar element of his speeches. His father was from Kenya and his mother from Kansas . But it’s more complicated than that. Sent: Tuesday, October 21, 2008 9:52 AM. To: Abcarian, Robin. Subject: Palin’s College Years.

Your piece on Sarah Palin was instructive. Thanks. Now, please, please, please, investigate and publish material on Obama’s college years. I think you’ll find that he was quite the party animal, something Americans should know and I believe is being kept from compare contrast two things, them. I will be wildly surprised to find that anyone in your profession takes me up on table example, my plea. After the contrast, election, he will actually be investigated and essay ephron, vetted. Two Things Essay. Today, he’s being protected with the kid gloves treatment. 42, Can we get some verified facts about Obama and his successes? Just produce his birth certificate for starters, then he would be eligible for Little League or an Olympic Gymnastic Team. Of the three pieces identified by the reporter, I identified the first two in the post.

They say nothing meaningful about Obama’s years at Columbia. As for the third, I can’t read it until I get home tonight. One can find details of Bush’s flying career at: http://www.wingmenforbush.com/ The F-102 was known as one of the english, less safe aircraft. Two Things. I believe the group Bush was assigned to had the love story, responsibility to protect against any soviet bombers that would come from contrast, Cuba. May sound funny now, but it wasn’t that many years since the Soviets had tried to english, put missiles there. As fmfnavydoc — 10/21/2008 @ 9:52 am said, landing planes on a carrier, which I’ve heard described as “a planned emergency landing”, is different than an Air Force pilot landing on a runway. Can we get the IQ scores for compare contrast essay, the communications major from Idaho? I’ll bet they are huge. How about english dissertations, we get yours instead?

No doubt they dwarf everyone else’s here. I sent an email to the author of that article this morning and asked if I would send an compare contrast essay, article on Obama’s college years in this coming Sunday’s edition. English Dissertations. (I’m not holding my breath.) Oops! Make that “see an article…” Comment by MD in compare contrast essay, Philly — 10/21/2008 @ 1:54 pm. “ a planned emergency landing ”, also described as a “ controlled crash “! I can speak from first hand experience that when you are being considered for a job with the love story, federal government that involves a security clearance, they FBI goes back to contrast two things, your high school days to interview people that knew you. You have to provide at least 2 names — and preferably current addresses for them — for by nora, each location where you lived, each school you attended, and each job you had. That is really just a jumping off point for the investigator as they generally ask those interviewed if there are any other people that might have some insights. Interestingly, because people elected to Congress are sent there by their constituents, they are not subject to compare contrast essay, a similar background check. Its a curious anomaly in our system, but it’s there.

Flying over the south of Spain one day, he decided to deviate from by nora ephron, his flight plan. Rocketing along mere feet above the ground, his plane sliced through a power line. His self-described “daredevil clowning” plunged much of the two things essay, area into a blackout. That should have been the end of pakistan policy afghanistan McCain’s flying career. “In the Navy, if you crashed one airplane, nine times out of compare contrast two things essay 10 you would lose your wings,” says [Phil] Butler, who, like his former classmate, was shot down and taken prisoner in North Vietnam. By Nora. Spark “a small international incident” like McCain had? Any other pilot would have “found themselves as the contrast, deck officer on a destroyer someplace in a hurry,” says Butler. “But, God, he had family pull. He was directly related to the CEO — you know?”

Ah, the perks of conservative affirmative action. I just cancelled my LA Times subscription, and boy did that feel good! When the matrix, guy asked if there was anything he could do to keep my as a subscriber, I told him he could fire all the biased reporters and editors and replace them with journalists who have integrity and accurately report the compare contrast essay, facts. His response? “I don’t think I can make that happen, so I will go ahead and cancel you now.” Palin comes off quite well in this piece. The hardworking college kid,etc. So the Lost Angeles Times crack reporting staff can’t come up with any real evidence of Obama’s reputation as a “daunting scholar”? Why am I not surprised.

I’ll give the Messiah a pass on essays for composition class, the question of contrast his ability to heal divisions. There’s no doubt that he’s a smooth politician. But it’s an easy enough trick; you just listen until everybody has said their piece, and then choose the way that has the most support. It’s not leadership–it’s counting votes. It’s a valuable skill–but it’s not leadership. And as for crashing airplanes and doing hairbrained stunts in military aircraft?

In WW II the Martin B-26 was called “The Widow Maker”; pilots training in at airfields near Tampa had the slogan “One a Day in pakistan foreign policy towards, Tampa Bay”–the crashes were that frequent. The “Century Series” of contrast two things essay jet fighters included the F-102 and essay by nora ephron, the F-106 which Bush flew; the F-100 Super Sabre, the F-101 Voodoo , the compare, F-105 “Thunder Chief”—also known by its crews as the “Thud” due to english, its alarming crash rate. Between crashes and contrast two things, getting shot down over Viet Nam virtually the entire US Air Force inventory of F-105s was gone by the early 1970’s. Flying, maintaining, operating and using any military equipment, whether it be aircraft, trucks, tanks, cannons etc. is by nora ephron inherently dangerous. I think that there were years during the 1980’s and early 1990s where the military death rate from training accidents exceeded an average year’s combat death rate in Iraq from 2003 to two things, 2008—pick a year. So cut the crapola about Bush not putting his posterior on the line when he stepped into the cockpit of an F-102 Delta Dart or F-106 Delta Dagger. Not all military crashes are “pilot error”–sometimes the machine bites man. But as for ridiculously inaccurate and biased and essay love, bogus articles prepared by the Daily Dog Trainer’s crack reporting staff? Just business as usual down on Spring Street. Mentioning the link going to the wrong story reminded me of Orwell’s 1984. In the book, the surveillance technology was secondary to the protagonist’s job.

Winston Smith was one of the persons assigned to change history. The opportunity to contrast two things essay, do that exists today and 1000 word love, can be exploited, from essay, “losing” stories to pulling down videos over 1000, flimsy allegations of copyright violations. And it will be done by the masters. As Joe Biden said the other day, “No more questions.” “Just produce his birth certificate for starters” Its gonna be an compare two things, insane 4-8 years. Business Of Contents Example. Hooray! Give it up you whiney little prick. You right wing nutjobs are going to be a handful for the next eight years under President Obama. Please, can one of you TRY to compare, mention ANYTHING positive that McCain will do?

The proof of Baracky’s brilliance is the fact that he has risen to the top of the english dissertations, Dem party. Just like the experience of compare contrast two things running for President provides the experience to be President. They have their own language rules, the Left. Eric – I am positive that Sen. McCain will not implement collectivist tax policies, mandatory health insurance geared towards a single payer system, and Sen. McCain will not ruin the success we are seeing in Iraq, or fucking lie that President Bush has somehow endorsed Baracky’s plan, or is following Baracky’s lead. I am positive that a not-Baracky Presidency will be a net positive for our country.

Now, you seem a little erratic and angry, Eric. You should work on that. Polls are showing that palin is a bigger drag on by nora ephron, McCain than Bush or the economy. I think that there were years during the 1980’s and early 1990s where the compare two things essay, military death rate from training accidents exceeded an average year’s combat death rate in Iraq from 2003 to 2008—pick a year. …Comment by Mike Myers — 10/21/2008 @ 4:08 pm. I remember that point being made too, though I never saw it with actual numbers. also described as a “controlled crash“!

Comment by essay, Another Drew — 10/21/2008 @ 2:36 pm. I think that was what part of my brain really wanted to say. Maybe I should start emailing you directly. Maybe Joe Biden should start emailing you directly before he speaks. I can speak from first hand experience that when you are being considered for compare two things, a job with the federal government that involves a security clearance, they FBI goes back to your high school days to interview people that knew you. … That is english dissertations really just a jumping off point for the investigator as they generally ask those interviewed if there are any other people that might have some insights. Interestingly, because people elected to Congress are sent there by their constituents, they are not subject to compare essay, a similar background check. Comment by WLS — 10/21/2008 @ 2:55 pm. WLS, are FBI investigation records, such as someone’s security clearance, ever open to public review after a number of english years?

What would happen if someone was elected to office that already had an compare contrast two things essay, FBI file, for some reason, that would normally exclude from a security clearance? Could that person still get on an intelligence committee, etc. Does WankerFelcher ever have an business plan table of contents example, original thought? MD – Those are interesting questions. My security clearance investigation was about as much fun as a proctology exam with barbed wire. I can guarantee this. If Barack gave the same answers in getting a clearance as he has during the campaign, he would not get the clearance. Eric, McCain will deliver change – as he has often in compare two things essay, his career in foreign afghanistan, Washington. Contrast Essay. Obama will deliver what he has always delivered in his political career – nothing.

Nada. Zipola. “Present”. MD in Philly, the records are not supposed to be open ever. Unless one of Hillary’s pet thugs gets a hold of pakistan towards them, like in the last Democratic administration. Eric wrote: Give it up you whiney little prick. You right wing nutjobs are going to be a handful for the next eight years under President Obama. Compare Two Things Essay. Please, can one of you TRY to mention ANYTHING positive that McCain will do? He won’t be a socialist. Nanker Bilge, why doesn’t it surprise me you’re hanging out with John Aravosis and his band of scumbags? L.N. – I am positive that McCain is not a socialist.

That is definitely a positive. Hey!They didn’t report on matrix, Obama first! What about hisss!! What about hisss! It isn’t faaiirrr! *commence hissy fit* Sarah Palin’s college years left no lasting impression. Funny how this title of the LAT Palin story leaves the reader, at first glance, with the impression that college did not make a lasting impression on Palin…

Given the compare, number of for composition class positives in the story and compare contrast two things, were there no disdain for word, Palin, and if the editor truly sought to do justice to the accomplishments within the text of the contrast two things, story, the title so very have easily could have been anything other than a thin attempt at a negative twist and rather pointless one at that. Palin Worked Her Way Through College Years. Palin Known for Her Interest in Politics and History During her College Years. Friends Remember Palin as a Calming Presence in College. Palin on Beauty Pagents: ‘Hey, this is going to help pay for my college education.’ What was McCain’s class rank at the Naval Academy? The bottom 1%. How many colleges did Palin attend?

Was it 4 or 5? So what difference does it make? “Please, can one of you TRY to mention ANYTHING positive that McCain will do?” Eric – He will not constantly play the race card in order to stifle criticism. He will not reimplement the Fairness Doctrine because he actually does support freedom of speech. Um….you all know that this “Eric” isn’t me, right? Sitka Laker, the difference is the fact that the media is in the tank. Palin has nothing to love, be ashamed of with respect to her education.

You meanwhile don’t seem to have benefited from much. MD in Philly, the compare two things, records are not supposed to be open ever. Comment by SPQR — 10/21/2008 @ 5:34 pm. Thank you for clarifying that, SPQR. I know some governmental records can get released down the road, but I have no idea the essay story, details. I guess even if you can get info on contrast two things essay, what the FBI was doing years later that doesn’t mean the public should have access to the info the FBI had on private citizens. Maybe WLS or someone can clarify part 2 of the question, which perhaps we already know by inference. We know John Kerry met with representatives of the N. Vietnamese while we were still at war.

While one would think that would “sink his boat” in trying to get a security clearance, I don’t recall anything being raised that he was limited in example, what he could access as a senator. That just doesn’t seem right. Sarah Palin’s college years left no lasting impression. Funny how this title of the compare two things essay, LAT Palin story leaves the reader, at first glance, with the matrix, impression that college did not make a lasting impression on Palin… Given the essay, number of positives in the story and were there no disdain for Palin, and by nora, if the editor truly sought to do justice to compare contrast, the accomplishments within the english dissertations, text of the compare contrast, story, the title so very have easily could have been anything other than a thin attempt at a negative twist and rather pointless one at that. Comment by Dana — 10/21/2008 @ 6:17 pm. I have experienced that first hand. Essay Ephron. Reporter seems reasonable and trustworthy, and indeed writes a fair article, but an two things essay, editor gives a headline and photo captions that back-stab. They didn’t report on Obama first!

What about english, hisss!! What about hisss! It isn’t faaiirrr! — The point would be that they did not report on contrast two things, Obama at all , dishrag. Besides Obama having Pakistani roommates at Oxy, which he must have beat the for composition, bushes to find, I keep wanting to hear from contrast two things essay, former girl friends.

Did he never date before he met Michelle? When I worked for Dick Clark, we did a special Before They Were Stars for ABC, and I got to produce the a tok matrix, Hillary Clinton segment. Oh joy. Still, I found her 2nd grade teacher, high school BFF, and first boy friend who took her to compare contrast two things, the prom. If Hillary went to the prom, surely Barry had some dates. Yep, that’s why I said, “and if the editor truly sought to do justice…” Just puts an a tok essay matrix, entirely different slant on what the reader anticipates.

And for some, because of the specific negativity of the title, they won’t be bothered reading the compare, actual story. Why bother? Dug this up somewhere: If you grow up in Hawaii, raised by your grandparents, you’re “exotic, different.” Grow up in Alaska eating moose burgers, it’s a quintessential American story. If your name is Barack you’re a radical, unpatriotic Muslim. Name your kids Willow, Trig and Track, you’re a maverick. Graduate from Harvard Law School and pakistan towards, you are unstable. Attend 5 different small colleges before graduating, you’re well grounded.

If you spend 3 years as a community organizer, become the first black President of the compare contrast two things essay, Harvard Law Review, create a voter registration drive that registers 150,000 new voters, spend 12 years as a Constitutional Law professor, spend 8 years as a State Senator representing a district with over 750,000 people, become chairman of the state Senate’s Health and essay ephron, Human Services committee, spend 4 years in contrast essay, the United States Senate representing a state of 13 million people while sponsoring 131 bills and essay matrix, serving on the Foreign Affairs, Environment and Public Works and Veteran’s Affairs committees, you don’t have any real leadership experience. If your total resume is: local weather girl, 4 years on the city council and compare essay, 6 years as the mayor of a town with less than 7, 000 people, 20 months as the governor of a state with only essay, 650,000 people, then you’re qualified to become the contrast two things, country’s second highest ranking executive. If you have been married to dissertations, the same woman for 19 years while raising 2 beautiful daughters, all within Protestant churches, you’re not a real Christian. If you cheated on essay, your first wife with a rich heiress, and left your disfigured wife and table of contents example, married the heiress the two things essay, next month, you’re a Christian. If you teach responsible, age appropriate sex education, including the business plan table of contents example, proper use of birth control, you are eroding the fiber of society. If, while governor, you staunchly advocate abstinence only, with no other option in sex education in contrast two things essay, your state’s school system while your unwed teen daughter ends up pregnant, you’re very responsible. If your wife is a Harvard graduate lawyer who gave up a position in english, a prestigious law firm to work for the betterment of her inner city community, then gave that up to two things essay, raise a family, your family’s values don’t represent America’s. If you’re husband is nicknamed “First Dude”, with at least one DWI conviction and table example, no college education, [unnecessary snoobery] who didn’t register to vote until age 25 and contrast two things essay, once was a member of a group that advocated the secession of Alaska from the USA, your family is essay extremely admirable.

“Does WankerFelcher [sic] ever have an original thought?” Yes but I won’t waste it on you. When arguing with people claiming that the compare contrast two things, devil walks the word essay, earth and that the moon is essay out to destroy the sun or whatever it is you believe, all that’s required is dissertations a little research and compare contrast, a little common sense. So sue me, I’m lazy. But this is essay ephron hilarious! According to compare contrast two things essay, financial disclosure records, the accessorizing began in early September and included bills from by nora ephron, Saks Fifth Avenue in St. Louis and New York for a combined $49,425.74. The records also document a couple of big-time shopping trips to Neiman Marcus in contrast essay, Minneapolis, including one $75,062.63 spree in early September. The RNC also spent $4,716.49 on pakistan foreign towards afghanistan, hair and compare two things, makeup through September after reporting no such costs in August. Comment by Sitka Laker — 10/21/2008 @ 6:38 pm. Do you know what they call the Midshipman who graduates at the bottom of his class at policy afghanistan Annapolis?

#84 This is tragic! Obama’s wife received a $200,000 raise after Obama was elected to the Senate. Obama gave Michelle Obama’s employer a $1 million earmark. Obama spreads the wealth to his family’s pockets. Nanker– please note that those are union hair and makeup artists. Clothing is two things essay a legitimate business expense. Take a look at essay matrix Peloisi’s tax returns some time. SHOCKA – WankerFelcher posts a wall o’text of compare essay someone else’s words. WankerFelcher is AF/blah/etc. 1000. It’s clear to me. Shall I ban him?

He obviously has an endless set of two things IP addresses, but it’s kind of fun to 1000 word essay, play whack a mole, and I’m curious to see what name he’ll use next. Compare Contrast Essay. What do y’all think? Here’s what I know about the candidates for for composition class, president and compare two things, vice president of the United States, from the MSM: She was the mayor of a small town in dissertations, Alaska — Wasilla. She is governor of the State of Alaska. She got relieved the two things essay, head of the essay by nora, state police in Alaska because he wouldn’t fire some state trooper for no reason except he was involved in two things essay, a divorce from a relative. She went to five colleges and got a journalism degree, but she’s not very smart. She doesn’t read magazines. She’s not intellectually challenged.

She encourages supporters to shout “Kill him” about the Democrat nominee. She doesn’t know the “Bush Doctrine.” She has a teen-aged daughter that’s pregnant. She may or may be not be the mother of dissertations her Down’s Syndrome child. Her husband, maybe her too, belonged to a secessionist party. She talks funny. She shoots wolves from airplanes. She knows how to compare contrast two things essay, dress a moose (if you don’t know what I mean by this, don’t bother replying).

She was a beauty pageant contestant. She thinks polar bears will adapt to dissertations, the ice cap melting in the Arctic. She’s not qualified to compare contrast two things essay, be the foreign towards afghanistan, Vice President of the United States. He crashed airplanes. Although he has often differed with his party, he’s the same as George Bush. He’s not an American citizen.

He is the same as George Wallace. He was elected to the Senate in contrast, 1987. He was part of the Keating 5 and corrupt. He’ll keep troops in Iraq for 100 years. He called his wife a bad name.

He was once a maverick, but now he’s the 1000 word essay love story, same old neo-con that caused everything in the world that’s wrong. His second wife was addicted to contrast two things essay, drugs. He left his first wife for someone more attractive because his first wife was crippled in a car accident. He doesn’t know how many houses he owns. He was a POW in Vietnam. He was a coward.

He can’t use a computer. He’s been a Senator since 1972. His first wife and child were killed in a car accident. He’s from Scranton, Pa. He takes Amtrak home almost everyday to his home in Delaware. He is the Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee in the U.S. 1000 Word Essay Love Story. Senate. He has campaigned for president twice. He was accused of plagiarism during his first campaign to be president in 1988 and compare two things essay, dropped out of the race. Sometimes, he says funny things. He’s been a U.S.

Senator from Illinoiss since 2004. Women faint at his rallies. He lives Chicago. He was state Senator from essays for composition, Illinois. He was a community organizer. He graduated from Harvard and Columbia. He taught constitutional law at the University of Chicago. He has some tangential relationship with a guy named Bill Ayers who also taught at the University of Chicago. Bill Ayers was a member of the Weather Underground, a leftist organization from the ’60s. It (the Weather Underground) opposed the Vietnam War. He’s married, has two children.

His father is from Kenya and died in an automobile accident in 1982, and his mother died from cancer in 1995 when she was relatively young. You know what, this election is about philosophy, not personalities. Any person from essay, either side can talk about how lousy the essay story, candidates are. Compare Contrast Essay. Sometimes they’re right, sometimes they’re wrong. And none of business plan of contents example what I outlined above matters one whit.

I’m voting for the person who most reflects my believe in what’s best for contrast two things, my country. In this case, it’s John McCain. Let’s see what name it comes up with next. It is pretty easy to pick out when it returns … If you have been married to essays for composition, the same woman for 19 years while raising 2 beautiful daughters, all within Protestant churches, Not too reassuring if the church you do attend is run by a nut like Jeremiah Wright. Even worse, if you as a member of that church decides to make the cuckoo pastor your close advisor and “sounding board.” And I won’t even criticize a member for belonging to compare contrast, such a church for example, 20 years. But please don’t embrace the place (or certainly its leader) so closely that, again, you make the fanatic preacher your trusted advisor (and force him out only—and ONLY—when publicity directed at you becomes too negative).

If you teach responsible, age appropriate sex education, Age appropriate? Based on the actual details, that claim is a bunch of crappola. The bill’s third purpose was to remove value-laden language in the old law. Contrast Two Things Essay. For example, the old law contained passages like this: Course material and instruction shall teach honor and respect for monogamous heterosexual marriage.

Course material and instruction shall stress that pupils should abstain from sexual intercourse until they are ready for marriage… [Classes] shall emphasize that abstinence is the expected norm in that abstinence from business plan table, sexual intercourse is the only protection that is 100 percent effective against unwanted teenage pregnancy [and] sexually transmitted diseases… The proposed bill eliminated all those passages and replaced them with wording like this: Course material and compare contrast two things, instruction shall include a discussion of sexual abstinence as a method to 1000 word, prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Course material and instruction shall present the latest medically factual information regarding both the possible side effects and health benefits of all forms of contraception, including the success and failure rates for the prevention of pregnancy and compare two things, sexually transmitted infections, including HIV… Good Lord, I wish I had an editor before I posted that. Please forgive my typos. Shall I ban him? Pat, I am sooo sorry…but I just have to say it: To much time with the teenagers, I guess.

But seriously, I haven’t noticed any real contribution except the suspense of guess which nic is next… Patterico, it is your house, your rules. English. But I would hope that this particular troll would stick with one name for contrast essay, a while. There is a LOT of a tok essay troll activity at present (“…getting in the face…” instructions, surely). It gets tiresome to read, and thus hard to find interesting comments. But then, I read Patterico for the PattericoCompany posts, along with a few commenters who I find interesting. The former are easy to compare contrast, find, obviously. Pakistan Foreign Policy Towards Afghanistan. The more robo-trolls post nonsense, the compare two things, harder to find the latter. I don’t mind disagreement. I do mind robo-posts, and nastiness. For Composition Class. But then, that is the goal of trolls.

Your mileage may vary. I proved through the contrast two things, IP that Nanker Phelge is essay by nora ephron Jesus Cripes. Jesus Cripes once said: “You’re a bunch of two things essay lazy fucking idiots.” Nanker Phelge is banned. The IP is 85.195.123.25, in case you’re curious. Policy. His repeated end runs around a ban mean that he forfeits any privacy in his IP address. I’ll publish the next one he uses too. Every time he tries to essay, publish a new comment, I’ll delete at least one he previously left. Oh, and Patterico?

I sent you an e-mail about a certain senator’s college years in LA. I can’t get anyone on the record, but if the MSM put the time and 1000 word essay love, trouble they did into investigating the tax returns and such of plumbers who express opinions, why, who knows what could be found? Just as with spammers, it’s too bad the compare two things, tech doesn’t exist (legally) to just fry their hard-drives, corrupt their credit report, and tell their mommies. The trolls seem to be exceptionally vitriolic, erratic, and for composition class, even angry recently. She got relieved the head of the state police in compare contrast two things, Alaska because he wouldn’t fire some state trooper for no reason except he was involved in essays class, a divorce from contrast two things essay, a relative. This is a lie but only the first one in your list. I don’t believe you are voting for McCain, either. She’s not intellectually challenged. You mean like Biden is intellectually challenged ? We call him “Slow Joe.” She encourages supporters to shout “Kill him” about the by nora, Democrat nominee.

Another lie but we’re getting used to essay, you. I expect the trolls will really be annoying once they see the word love story, Battleground Poll. If McCain is within four percent on election day, he wins. Hey, AD, there is a great story from the Bad Old Days of contrast two things essay Computer Nerd-dom. When you tried to copy a diskette from a particular vendor (remember diskettes?) that was protected, it started a subroutine where your screen locked up, made the disk drive spin loudly, and this message appeared in large block letters: “THE WEED OF CRIME BEARS BITTER FRUIT! NOW ERASING YOUR HARD DRIVE FOR ILLEGAL COPYING.” It was doing nothing of the sort, but it sure caused a lot of people making illegal copies to freak out.

I seem to remember a couple of complaints filed against the vendor, who quit doing it. So it would probably NOT be good to fry people’s CPUs remotely. Pakistan Policy Towards Afghanistan. Fairness Doctrine or not. But it is fun to think about, sure. JD #100: they are speaking troof to power, don’t you know! Comment by Eric Blair — 10/21/2008 @ 9:08 pm. Now, what about contrast, remote lobotomies? I thought it was twoooth to power, but in the end, it is just a string of banal inane ramblings. Banal is a tok matrix a good word.

It reminds me of two things anal, which makes me think of the essay, cavitities that they pull their shite from. I really think you misunderstand me. And I do apologize for my almost incoherent posting. I know those are a lies. That was my point. Now, JD, you leave Sullivan out of this!

#90 Mike K.: I’m not certain, but I thing the trenchent phrase from ag80’s post to be “ from the MSM: ” I have been known to be fooled on the Internet before. Who would *this* be? Is she still in the U.S. or has she been paid to leave the country? (WSJ) “He (Obama) lived in Hyde Park, an integrated neighborhood that is compare two things home to pakistan foreign towards afghanistan, the University of Chicago, and dated and compare contrast, lived with a woman who wasn’t African-American, according to Mr. Kellman. A Tok. They broke up when he went east to law school.” Eric Blair – Don’t get me started on Excitable Andy.

I imagine he is still hunched over his keyboard, naked, with a pile of meth on compare, his desk, scouring the internet looking for someone to english, go on compare contrast, the record to confirm that Trig is table not her child. He has stockpiled baby oil and contrast two things, KY for that special moment. Comment by 1000 essay story, JD — 10/21/2008 @ 9:24 pm. Just way TOO MUCH INFORMATION! ag80, why is it that you felt the need to write such a long list of utter falsehoods?

With all this investigation on her college years, did anyone find out if Palin has a medical history of STD and if that is the reason she refuses to release her medical records? Wow, energy. I think that is a great idea. Let’s get a lung scan of that chain smoking Barack Obama published. As Andrew Sullivan says, it shouldn’t be any big deal to get those kinds of contrast two things records released. Also, I think Mr. Obama’s STD status should be carefully evaluated, too. Heck, let’s add Joe the Plumber and Katie Couric’s STD status while we are at word essay it! Unless, of contrast course, your believe that only one side of the for composition, aisle needs scrutiny and have their privacy invaded by contrast two things, media trolls?

While you are at business table of contents example it, Eric, you prolly ought to make sure that Excitable Andy, Gren Gleeeeenwald, and all of his cabana boys get checked out. I’m still wondering about an compare essay, MRI of Biden’s brain cavity… Comment by SPQR — 10/21/2008 @ 10:52 pm. Very difficult to word story, scan a hollow sphere. I don’t know how you go from being a drug user at Occidental to Ivy League Columbia without affirmative action. I am a white lower middle class white guy who worked his way through college (I have my Teamster card to prove it) and compare two things essay, then BC Law and finally got a MBA from Harvard Business School. If I slipped up anywhere I would not have made it.

His life, his schooling and career could only happen in America and for composition class, probably only for those getting an extra break or two. How can he think that we have to further redistribute wealth to compare two things essay, create opportunity when he and his wife got Ivy League educations. Essay. Maybe someone should ask Karl Marx how he remembers Obama. “..While you are at it, Eric, you prolly ought to make sure that Excitable Andy, Gren Gleeeeenwald, and all of his cabana boys get checked out….” The trouble there is contrast two things essay that the MRI would have trouble with…ah…the way that so many… portions of table example those subjects are…well…interposed. Not that there is anything wrong with that, to quote Jerry Seinfeld. Dear Mr.

Underhill: From what I can tell, Michelle Obama actually worked darned hard while at Princeton. She and compare contrast two things essay, her brother both. Princeton may have affirmative action, but nobody goes there who doesn’t work their tails off. Occidental College, not so much. Check this out (though this is long after Barack Obama attended there): JD, maybe Andrew Sullivan should enroll in that major.

Or be a guest lecturer. But this is hilarious! The Republican National Committee appears to have spent more than $150,000 to clothe and accessorize vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin and her family since her surprise pick by John McCain in late August. Comment by Nanker Phelge — 10/21/2008 @ 8:09 pm. Maybe nanker won’t bother to pakistan policy towards afghanistan, read this since she is banned. But that simply proves Sarah Palin isn’t independently wealthy from two things, being on english dissertations, the payroll of big oil, Fannie and Freddy, big law firms, political paybacks, or writing autobiographies filled with obscene language and drug use.

Just the essay, kind of person that can identify with the “other America”. Dissertations. Remember, the compare contrast two things, ones the Dems say the towards afghanistan, Repubs are out of touch with; the contrast, ones that don’t know to order Iranian caviar when you’re ordering caviar. No one knows where Obama’s money is business table of contents example coming from. The liberal media isn’t holding him as accountable as it is the Republicans. Why should we be surprised, though? The media has been turning its back on Obama and his leftist illuminati associations for the past 21 months. Apologies, Patrick. Contrast. Hope you won’t take it amiss that I don’t read every post here. I missed this one until someone e-mailed me about it today.

I’m flattered that you thought of pakistan afghanistan me. I do, of contrast course, have a substantially higher opinion than you do of the brand of journalism practiced at the LAT. That hasn’t stopped me from sometimes agreeing with specific concerns that you’ve articulated here. I doubt that fairness requires that each candidate received exactly parallel coverage. However, I read the story on Gov. Palin’s college years and wasn’t especially impressed with it. There weren’t many insights or much real news. FWIW, I don’t think it was a damaging piece.

There doesn’t seem to have been anything damaging in Palin’s college career. Sure, she transferred fairly often, but so what? The article suggested rather sympathetically that the main reasons were economic (at least that’s the impression I came away with, after reading the piece). Certainly nothing dishonorable there. The other impression left by the article was surprise that so many students and teachers simply didn’t remember her. This probably surprises us because her current persona seems so high-impact.

Guess I’ll just shrug. For Composition Class. People grow and change. I recall reading the Oct. 2007 NYT piece on two things, Obama’s student years, but not the LAT pieces. Do I agree that his Columbia years deserve press scrutiny? Yes.

Do I expect such scrutiny to produce much of interest? No. Since so much time has passed since you made this post, I hope you don’t mind if I decline the policy, research request. The focus of most of my reading these days is trying to compare, understand what’s going on with the economy. I will be voting for business of contents, Obama. I suspect that an compare two things, Obama administration will be more moderate than many conservatives believe. Recent Comments Pinandpuller on Michelle Obama, Unbound Pinandpuller on Michelle Obama, Unbound Beldar on New York Times: Republicans Open to Banning Bump Stocks narciso on essay by nora, Michelle Obama, Unbound Pinandpuller on Michelle Obama, Unbound JVW on Michelle Obama, Unbound Pinandpuller on Michelle Obama, Unbound Pinandpuller on Michelle Obama, Unbound narciso on New York Times: Republicans Open to Banning Bump Stocks Pinandpuller on Michelle Obama, Unbound. Join the Constitutional Vanguard! We're a group devoted to promoting the principles of the Constitution, liberty, and the free market. Sign up here! Check out essay, Liberty Classroom, a site that teaches economics and history from a liberty perspective.

I am a lifetime member. You should be a member too. E-mail: Just use my moniker Patterico, followed by example, the @ symbol, followed by gmail.com. Disclaimer: Simpsons avatar may resemble a younger Patterico. The statements made on this web site reflect the personal opinions of the contrast, author.

They are not made in any official capacity, and do not represent the opinions of the author's employer.

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15 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services. A company's business processes drive the integration of systems and people that participate in it. The business process and associated systems have a life cycle and certain behavior. Compare. The users who participate in the business process have roles and privileges to essays for composition class, perform tasks in the business process. Using the workflow services of Oracle BPEL Process Manager, you can blend the essay, integration of systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow, while providing visibility and enabling exception handling and optimization at various levels. This chapter contains the following topics: Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for the organizational hierarchy of the demonstration user community used in examples throughout this chapter. SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemxmllibworkflow for workflow service WSDL files. 15.1 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services 10.1.2 and 10.1.3.1.0 Compatibility. Ephron. Workflows that you designed in 10.1.2 with the workflow wizard can be deployed and compare two things, run in 10.1.3.1.0. However, you must use the old worklist URL to access these tasks: For release 10.1.3.1.0, the workflow wizard has been replaced by ephron a Human Task editor. This editor enables you to compare contrast, specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. You cannot use the Human Task editor to class, edit 10.1.2-based workflows. To use any new 10.1.3.1.0 functionality, the task scope of the workflow must be manually migrated to use the new workflow metadata. Note also that this is the last release in which you can deploy workflows designed with 10.1.2. 15.2 Overview of Workflow Services. Workflow services enable you to interleave human interactions with connectivity to systems and services within an compare two things end-to-end process flow. Plan Of Contents. As shown in Figure 15-1, workflow services are linked to a BPEL process through a WSDL contract, like any other Web service. The process assigns a task to compare essay, a user or role and waits for a response. The users act on the task using Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Figure 15-1 High-Level View of Workflow Services in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Terms used in workflow services include: Task#x2014;work that needs to be done by a user, role, or group. Notification#x2014;an e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) message that is sent when a user is assigned a task or informed that the status of the task has changed. Worklist#x2014;an enumeration of the pakistan afghanistan, tasks, or work items, assigned to contrast two things essay, or of interest to a user. Human Task editor#x2014;A tool that enables you to specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. .task file #x2014;The metadata task configuration file that stores the task settings specified with the Human Task editor. Policy Afghanistan. routing slip#x2014;Contains information about the flow pattern for the workflow, assignees, escalation policy, expiration duration, signature policy, sequence in which the participants interact in the task, and so on. Features of contrast essay workflow services include: Standard work queues #x2014; high priority tasks, tasks due soon, new tasks, and business, so on. Custom work queues #x2014; Users can define new work queues based on specific search criteria. Compare Two Things Essay. Proxy work queues #x2014; can grant access to other users to love, selected work queues. Other users can act on your behalf on those tasks. User rules #x2014; can define custom delegation, auto-approval, or vacation rules. Group rules #x2014; can define auto-assignment rules for roles or groups; for two things essay example, round-robin, least-busy, and so on. Task assignment and routing#x2014;includes creating tasks from the business process and assigning the tasks to users or roles. Other task assignment and routing features include: Support for task expiration and automatic renewal. Support for task delegation, escalation, and reapproval. Storage of by nora ephron task history information for auditing, extending workflows to contrast two things essay, include other workflows, and the ability to essay, archive and two things, purge task details based on specified policies. Support for creating custom task escalation rule functions. Override and restrict default system actions. English Dissertations. Specify callback classes on task status. JSP-based forms for compare contrast two things viewing and updating task details. Dynamic assignment functions. Built-in reports #x2014; Priority reports, productivity reports, cycle time reports, and unattended tasks report. Pakistan Foreign Policy Towards. Participant types#x2014;consists of single approver, group vote, management chain, sequential list of approvers, FYI assignees, and external routing services. Identity service#x2014;interacts with back-end identity management systems to capture all user information from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) and LDAP. The identity service provides role-based access control; you can assign permissions to roles and link an organizational hierarchy to a role model for authorization. Compare Two Things Essay. You can also do the following: Assign worklist privileges to users, roles, or groups. Maintain user properties such as name, location, phone, fax, and e-mail. Dissertations. Capture organizational hierarchy (reporting structure) and group information. Integrate with standard (for example, LDAP-based) directory services for user and compare two things, role provisioning. Identity Service for identity service concepts. Send notifications to specified users on essays, specified task changes. Notifications through different delivery channels (e-mail, phone, fax, voice, and SMS) Ability to customize content of notifications for different types of tasks. Perform actions on compare two things essay, tasks through e-mail. Notification Service for notification service concepts. Pakistan Towards Afghanistan. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Out-of-the-box fully customizable worklist. Support for various user profiles #x2013; end user, supervisor, task owner, group owner, administrator. Compare. View tasks based on user or role ability to perform authorized actions on tasks in the worklist. Ability to filter tasks in worklist view based on essays class, various criteria. Ability to acquire and check out shared tasks. Support for custom work queues. Define custom vacation rules and delegation rules. Provide access to contrast two things, selected worklist views to other users (proxy support) Complete workflow history and audit trail. Out-of-the-box productivity reports. 15.2.1 Workflow Functionality: A Procurement Process Example. The functionality of workflow services can be illustrated using a simple order approval business process to approve or reject an order, as shown in Figure 15-2. requested items. Approval and rejection is a two-step process involving an initial approver and the manager of the initial approver. Foreign Policy Afghanistan. The order is first assigned to compare essay, the Supervisor role. Once a user belonging to the Supervisor role approves the a tok matrix, order, it is sent to this user's manager for final approval. Figure 15-2 BPEL Workflow. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Order Booking Tutorial for compare instructions on designing an order approval business process to 1000 word story, approve or reject an order. 15.2.2 Workflow Services Components. Figure 15-3 shows the following workflow services components: The task service provides task state management and persistence of tasks. Two Things. In addition to these services, the task service exposes operations to update a task, complete a task, escalate and reassign tasks, and english, so on. The task service is compare used by the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to retrieve tasks assigned to users. This service also determines if notifications are to be sent to users and by nora, groups when the state of the compare two things essay, task changes. The task service consists of the following services. Task Routing Service. The task routing service offers services to essay, route, escalate, and reassign the contrast two things essay, task. The service makes these decisions by interpreting a declarative specification in the form of the routing slip. Task Query Service. The task query service queries tasks for a user based on a variety of search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of a task, and so on. Task Metadata Service. The task metadata service exposes operations to word essay, retrieve metadata information related to a task. The identity service is a thin Web service layer on top of the compare contrast two things, Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of users and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. The notification service delivers notifications with the specified content to the specified user to a tok matrix, any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, pager, fax, and SMS. See Notifications from Workflow Services for essay more information. User Metadata Service. Story. The user metadata service manages metadata related to workflow users, such as user work queues, preferences, vacation, and delegation rules. Runtime config service. The runtime config service provides methods for managing metadata used in the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of task payload flex field mappings. Figure 15-3 Workflow Services Components. Figure 15-4 shows the contrast two things, interactions between the services and the business process. Figure 15-4 Workflow Services and Business Process Interactions. 15.3 Use Cases for Workflow Services. Using workflow services is demonstrated in the VacationRequest, AutoLoanDemo, ExpenseRequestApproval, LoanDemoPlus, DocumentReview, HelpDeskServiceRequest, and OrderApproval demos. The following sections describe multiple use cases for workflow services. 15.3.1 Assigning a Task to a User or Role. A vacation request process may start with getting the vacation details from a user and then routing the essays for composition class, request to their manager for approval. User details and the organizational hierarchy can be looked up from a user directory or store. Compare Two Things. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-5, is described in the OrderApproval sample. Figure 15-5 Assigning Tasks to a User or Role from by nora ephron a Directory. 15.3.2 Using the Various Participant Types. A task can be routed through multiple users with a group vote, management chain, or sequential list of approvers participant type. Compare Contrast. For example, consider a loan request that is part of the loan approval flow. The loan request may first be assigned to a loan agent role. After a specific loan agent acquires and accepts the loan, the loan may be routed further through multiple levels of dissertations management if the loan amount is greater that $100,000. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-6, is compare contrast two things described in business plan table example, the LoanDemoPlus sample. Figure 15-6 Flow Patterns and contrast two things, Routing Policies. See Participant Types in Workflow Services for a tok essay matrix the various flow types supported by workflow services. You can use these types as building blocks to create complex workflows. 15.3.3 Escalation, Expiration, and Delegation. Compare Contrast Two Things Essay. A high-priority task can be assigned to a certain user or role based on the task type. However, if the user does not act on it in a certain time, the task may expire and in turn be escalated to the manager for further action. As part of the escalation, you may also notify the users by e-mail, telephone voice message, SMS, pager, or fax. Similarly, a manager may delegate tasks from one reportee to another to balance the load between various task assignees. English Dissertations. All tasks defined in BPEL have an compare contrast two things essay associated expiration date. Additionally, you may specify escalation or renewal policies, as shown in Figure 15-7. For example, consider a support call, which is part of the HelpDeskServiceRequest process. A high-priority task may be assigned to a certain user and if the user does not respond in two days, then the task is pakistan policy towards routed to the manager for further action. Figure 15-7 Escalation and compare, Notification. 15.3.4 Automatic Assignment and Delegation. A Tok. A user may decide to have another user perform tasks on their behalf. Tasks can be explicitly delegated from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application or can be automatically delegated. For example, a manager sets up a vacation rule saying that all their high priority tasks are automatically routed to one of their reports while the contrast essay, manager is on vacation. In some cases, tasks can be routed to different individuals based on the content of the task. Story. Another example of automatic routing is to allocate tasks among multiple individuals belonging to a group. For example, a help desk supervisor decides to allocate all tasks for the western region based on a round robin basis or assign tasks to the individual with the lowest number of outstanding tasks (the least busy). 15.3.5 Work Queues and Proxy Support. It is often required that one user be provided with access to part of another user's worklist. For example, an executive decides to provide access to expense approvals within a certain limit to contrast essay, their secretary. Work queues allow you to create a custom view to group a subset of tasks in the worklist (say high priority tasks, tasks due in 24 hours, expense approval tasks, and pakistan foreign policy, so on). These work queues can then be granted to other users who can then act on essay, the task owner's behalf. Word Story. For example, in contrast two things, the scenario described above, the executive can create a delegated expense approvals work queue for expenses below $5000. 15.3.6 The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Users typically access tasks assigned to them by using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, as shown in Figure 15-8. A worklist consists of tasks assigned to the user as well as the groups to which they belong. Example. A task may also include forms and attachments in addition to other task details such as history, comments, and approval sequence. The worklist may also be accessed from OracleAS Portal or other clients to act on contrast two things essay, tasks as well as get productivity reports. For Composition. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application can be customized and compare contrast two things, extended based on the specific needs of an application. See Chapter 16, Worklist Application for details about worklist functionality and the sample Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Example. Figure 15-8 Oracle BPEL Worklist Application#x2014;Access Tasks, Forms, Attachments, and Reports. 15.4 Participant Types in Workflow Services. Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides a library of participant types (known in previous releases as workflow patterns). You can choose a participant type that meets your business requirement and model your workflow based on the participant type. Essay. Oracle BPEL Process Manager supports the following participant types: Single Approver #x2014; used for a single user to by nora ephron, act on a task. If the two things, task is assigned to a role or group with multiple users, one of the members must claim the task and act on it. Based on the user's action, you define what the business process does. Group Vote #x2014; used when multiple users, working in parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to hire or reject an applicant. You specify the voting percentage that is needed for the outcome to take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. Management Chain#x2014;used to pakistan foreign afghanistan, route tasks for compare contrast approval to essays class, multiple users in a management chain hierarchy. Contrast Essay. You specify the task participants as a management chain list or a list of users. Sequential list of approvers (extension of a sequential workflow)#x2014;used to create a list of sequential participants for a workflow. This type is similar to essay, the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. For the contrast two things essay, sequential list of approvers participant type, they can be any list of users or groups. FYI assignee #x2014; used when a task is sent to a user, but the business process does not wait for a user response; it just continues. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the outcome of a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. Table. External Routing Service #x2014;used to two things, configure an external routing service that dynamically determines the participants in 1000 essay story, the workflow. If this participant type is specified, all other participant types are ignored. Contrast Two Things. It is assumed that the external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of approvers, group vote, and so on) at run time to determine the routing of the task. 15.4.1 Continuing Workflows from dissertations Other Workflows. Compare Two Things Essay. You can have situations where you need to for composition, continue a previous workflow task in the current workflow task. Oracle BPEL Process Manager enables you to include the task history, comments, and attachments from the previous task. Compare Contrast Two Things Essay. This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. 15.5 Overview of the Modeling Process. Business Plan Of Contents. The modeling process consists of creating a human task, associating it with a BPEL process, and generating the format for displaying the human task during run time in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This section provides a brief overview of these modeling tasks and provides references to compare two things essay, specific modeling instructions. 15.5.1 Create a Human Task Definition with the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor enables you to define the metadata for the task. This editor enables you to specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and example, escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. This information is saved to a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. 15.5.2 Associate the Human Task Definition with a BPEL Process. You associate the compare essay, .task file that consists of the human task settings with a BPEL process. Association is pakistan foreign towards afghanistan made with a human task activity that you drag and contrast two things, drop into your BPEL process for configuring. You also define the task definition, task initiator, task priority, and map the task parameter that carries the word story, input data to a BPEL variable. You can also define advanced features, such as the scope and global task variables names (instead of accepting the default names), task owner, identification key, BPEL callback customizations, and whether to extend the human task to include other workflow tasks. When association is complete, a Task Service partner link is created. The Task Service exposes the operations required to act on the task. 15.5.3 Generate the Task Display Form. You generate the layout of the task display form used for displaying the compare contrast two things, task header, body (task payload), and footer details at run time in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. The task display form defines the display mechanism for the task payload (data in the task) in essays for composition class, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Two types of task display forms are available for use: simple task form and custom task form. 15.6 Task 1: Creating the Human Task Definition with the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor enables you to define the metadata for the task. Contrast Two Things. This editor enables you to business table of contents, specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and contrast essay, so on. Essays. When human task creation is complete, the following folder and file are created: A folder with the human task name you specify in the Human Task Name field in Accessing the Human Task Editor is created under the Integration Content folder of your BPEL process in the Application Navigator. The human task settings specified in the Human Task editor are saved to a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. This file is stored in the human task name folder. You can re-edit the settings in this file at any time by double-clicking it in the Application Navigator . This reopens the .task file in contrast essay, the Human Task editor. This section contains the following topics: 15.6.1 Accessing the Human Task Editor. When you are ready to begin creation of a human task, the Human Task editor can be accessed in several ways in Oracle JDeveloper: 15.6.1.1 From the Application Navigator. This method enables you to create a human task that you can later associate with a BPEL process through use of a human task activity. Right-click your BPEL process in the Application Navigator and select Create Human Task Definition . The Add a Human Task window appears. Enter a name in the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is added to business plan table example, the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. You can also create a human task that you later associate with a BPEL process by selecting New from the File main menu, then selecting Integration Tier Human Tasks Human Task Definition . This method enables you to create a human task activity with which you immediately associate a BPEL process through use of a human task activity. Select Process Activities from the Component Palette . Compare Contrast. Drag and drop a Human Task activity into your BPEL process. The Add a Human Task window appears. Click the second icon to the right of the Task Definition field. Enter a name in 1000 word love story, the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is added to the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. 15.6.2 Reviewing the Sections of the contrast, Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor consists of the following main sections shown in Figure 15-9. These sections enable you to create a human task. Figure 15-9 Human Task Editor. Instructions for using these main sections of the Human Task editor to create a workflow task are listed in Table 15-1. Table 15-1 Human Task Editor. (title, outcomes, priority, and owner) (for specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions, error messages, and callback classes) 15.6.3 Specifying the Task Title, Priority, Outcome, and Owner. Figure 15-10 shows the Task Configuration section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to specify details such as the task title, task priority, task outcomes, and essay matrix, task owner. Figure 15-10 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Task Configuration section are listed in Table 15-2: Table 15-2 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. Compare. 15.6.3.1 Specifying a Task Title and Priority. Enter the following details. See Also: Specifying the Task Initiator and Task Priority for instructions on specifying a priority value in the Add a Human Task window. Task outcomes capture the possible outcomes of a task. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application displays the outcomes you specify here as the possible actions to perform during run time. You can specify the following types of task outcomes: Select a seeded outcome. Enter a custom outcome. The task outcomes can also have run time display values that are different from the actual outcome value specified here. This permits outcomes to be displayed in a different language in 1000 story, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. See Specifying Multilingual Settings for more information about internationalization. Click the flashlight icon to the right of the Outcomes field. The Outcomes window displays the possible outcomes for tasks. APPROVE and REJECT are selected by default. Select additional task outcomes or deselect the default outcomes. Enter any custom outcomes separated by commas in the Custom Outcomes field. Click OK to return to contrast two things, the Human Task editor. Your selections display in dissertations, the Outcomes field. The seeded and custom outcomes selected here display for selection in the Majority Voted Outcome section of the group vote participant type. 15.6.3.2.1 Displaying Custom Outcomes in a Human Task Activity. The method by which you create a human task definition determines whether custom outcomes initially display in a switch activity. If you perform the following tasks: Drag and drop a human task activity into the design window. Click the Create Task Definition icon (second icon) to the right of the Task Definition field. Create a human task definition with custom outcomes. Expand the human task activity. Note that the custom outcomes do not initially display in the switch activity. As a workaround, perform the compare two things, following steps: Click the human task activity to display the Human Task window. Click Yes when prompted to update your human task definition to word essay love, account for the custom outcomes. Open the switch activity of the human task activity and note that the custom outcomes now appear. Or, always create human task definition files as follows: Right-click the BPEL process in the A pplication Navigator . Select Create Human Task Definition . Design a human task definition. Drag a new human task activity into the design window and associate it with this human task definition file. Open the switch activity of the human task activity and note that the compare, custom outcomes appear. The task owner can view the tasks belonging to business processes they own and perform operations on behalf of 1000 story any of the assigned task participant types. Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. This optional field defaults to the system user bpeladmin if not specified. The task owner can also be specified in the Advanced tab of the compare two things essay, Human Task window described in Specifying a Task Owner. The task owner specified in the Advanced tab overrides any task owner you enter here. Select a method for word specifying the task owner: 15.6.3.3.1 Specifying a Task Owner By Browsing the User Directory. Task owners can be selected by browsing the user directory (Oracle Internet Directory (OID), JAZN/XML, LDAP, and so on) that is configured for use with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Click the first icon to the right of the Owner field to display the two things, Identity lookup dialog. Search for the owner by 1000 word love entering a search string such as jcooper, j*, *, and so on. Compare Contrast Two Things. Clicking Lookup fetches all the users that match the search criteria. One or more users or groups can be highlighted and selected by clicking Select . View the hierarchy of a user by highlighting the user and clicking Hierarchy . Similarly, clicking Reportees displays the essays for composition, reportees of a selected user or group. View the contrast two things, details of a user or group by highlighting the user or group and clicking Detail . Click OK to return to the Identity lookup dialog. Click Select to add the user to table of contents, the Selected user section. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Contrast Two Things. Your selection displays in the Owner field. 15.6.3.3.2 Specifying a Task Owner Dynamically. Task owners can be selected dynamically in the Expression Builder window. Click the second icon to the right of the Owner field to word love story, display the Expression Builder window: Browse the available variable schemas and contrast essay, functions to create a task owner. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. You selection displays in the Owner field. Click Help for instructions on using the Expression Builder window and XPath Building Assistant. 15.6.4 Specifying the Task Payload Data Structure. Figure 15-11 shows the Parameters section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to define the structure (message attributes) of the task payload (the data in the task). Task payload data consists of 1000 word story one or more elements or types. Based on your selections, an XML schema definition is compare contrast two things essay created for the task payload. Figure 15-11 Human Task Editor #x2014; Parameters Section. Click the + sign to display the pakistan foreign policy towards afghanistan, Add Task Parameter window. Enter the following details: You can only define payload flex field mappings in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application for payload parameters that are simple XML types. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Your selection displays in the Parameters section. If you want to edit your selection, highlight it and click the first icon in the upper right part of the contrast two things, Parameters section. Figure 15-12 shows the Assignment and Routing Policy section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to select a participant type that meets your business requirement. In previous Oracle BPEL Process Manager releases, participant types were known as workflow patterns. By Nora. You can mix and match multiple participant types to compare contrast two things, model the human task. Pakistan Policy. This enables you to extend the contrast essay, functionality of a previously configured human task to model more complex workflows. Each of the essay by nora ephron, participant types has an associated editor that you use for configuration tasks. The sequence in which the assignees are added indicates the execution sequence. Figure 15-12 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and Routing Policy Section. Click the + sign to contrast two things essay, display the Add Participant Type window. This enables you to select a specific participant type. Select a participant type from the Type list. The configuration tasks for dissertations each participant type are described in contrast, subsequent sections. A Tok Essay Matrix. See the following section based on your selection: Sequential list of approvers. External routing service. See the following task assignment and routing policy sections shown in Figure 15-12 after you have configured a participant type. These sections are only available for selection after a participant type has been created. Users and compare contrast essay, groups for each of the participant types can be specified either statically or dynamically.When the users and groups are specified statically (or by browsing the plan table, identity service), the values can be either of the following: A single user or group (for example, jstein ), which in the case of compare two things a single approver, is captured as follows: A delimited string of essays users or groups (for example, jstein , wfaulk , cdickens ), which in two things, the case of a single approver, is captured as follows: You may have a business requirement to create a dynamic list of task approvers specified in a payload variable. This XPath expression can resolve to zero or more XML nodes. Each node value can be either of the following: A single user or group. A delimited string of users or groups. For example, the following task shows that the payload message attribute is of type xsd:String and essays class, its value is compare contrast essay a comma-delimited string of approvers. This node can be used to specify the participants. Dissertations. The default delimiter for compare contrast essay the assignee delimited string is a comma ( , ). Essays For Composition. This delimiter can be changed using the contrast essay, assigneeDelimiter XML element in the wf-config.xml file. This delimiter applies to all workflows in the system. Business Example. Specifying participants in this manner is applicable to all participant types, although they are interpreted differently for each type. Compare Two Things Essay. For example: In a single user participant type, the task is assigned to everyone evaluated. In a sequential list of english approvers participant type, the contrast, task is sequentially assigned to users and groups evaluated in 1000 word essay love story, the list. In a group vote participant type, a task is created for each user and group evaluated in contrast two things essay, the list. This interpretation of resource XPath expressions provides orcl:create-nodeset-from-delimited-string -equivalent functionality to enable you to specify a dynamic list of one or more task approvers (resource element members) from the payload variable. 15.6.5.2 Configuring the Single Approver Participant Type. Figure 15-13 displays the Single Approver window. This participant type requires a single user to act on a task. If the task is assigned to a role or group with multiple users, one of the essay by nora, members must claim the task and act on it. Based on the user's action, you define what the business process does. For example, a vacation request is assigned to a manager. The manager must act on the request task three days before the vacation starts. Two Things. If the manager formally approves or rejects the request, the employee is notified with the decision. If the manager does not act on the task, the request is treated as rejected. Notification actions similar to 1000 word essay love, the formal rejection are taken. Figure 15-13 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and compare contrast, so on). Instructions for configuring the afghanistan, following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Single Approver window are listed in Table 15-3: Table 15-3 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. 15.6.5.2.1 Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in performing actions on this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and two things, privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. Matrix. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. The XPath expressions for specifying assignees must follow these rules: They must be based off the task XSD. This includes the payload as defined in the payload section. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAssignee is an example of an XPath expression based of the task XSD. The XPath expressions cannot contain BPEL-specific XPath functions such as bpws:getVariableData() , and so on because these XPath expressions are not evaluated from the compare two things, context of a BPEL instance. The XPath expressions can contain XPath functions that are BPEL-independent. This includes identity service XPath functions like ids:getManager() , and so on. 15.6.5.2.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the a tok, user or group to compare contrast two things, be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is dissertations below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. Two Things. The expression to bypass a task participant must evaluate to a Boolean value. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAmount 1000 is a valid XPath expression for essay ephron skipping a participant. 15.6.5.2.3 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the contrast, + sign to 1000 essay love story, expand the compare two things, Advanced section shown in Figure 15-13. Select Limit allocated duration to a tok matrix, . Compare Contrast Two Things Essay. Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in english, the duration provided, the task is contrast two things essay escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the of contents, Task for compare contrast two things essay instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and by nora, Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.2.4 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Compare Essay. Click the + sign to policy, expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select the Allow this participant to invite other participants check box if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. Compare Contrast Two Things. 15.6.5.3 Configuring the Group Vote Participant Type. Figure 15-14 displays the Group Vote window. This participant type is of contents example used when multiple users, working in two things essay, parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to business plan of contents, hire or reject an applicant. You specify the voting percentage that is needed for compare essay the outcome to take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. For example, a business process collects the feedback from all interviewers in the hiring process, consolidates it, and assigns a hire or reject request to each of the interviewers. At the end, the candidate is hired if the majority of interviewers vote for hiring instead of rejecting. Figure 15-14 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Group Vote window are listed in Table 15-4: Table 15-4 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote Window. Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is met. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. 15.6.5.3.1 Assigning Participants to the Group Vote Task. Foreign. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. The assigned participants must establish a consensus on when a task is compare contrast considered complete. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the business table of contents example, identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is contrast two things obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.3.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the table, user or group to contrast, be bypassed if a specific condition is 1000 essay satisfied. This action displays an compare contrast two things essay icon for accessing the pakistan foreign afghanistan, Expression Builder window for building a condition. Compare Contrast Essay. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.3.3 Sharing Attachments and Comments with Task Participants. Select the Share attachments and comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to share comments and attachments for this task. Essay. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. 15.6.5.3.4 Specifying Group Voting Details. Specify a method for selecting the outcome for the final task. Two Things Essay. If you select By Expression from the foreign towards, lists below, you can dynamically specify the details by clicking the icon to contrast essay, the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Essays For Composition. Select the default outcome for this task to take effect if the consensus percentage value is not satisfied. This happens if there is a tie or if all participants do not respond before the task expires. Seeded and custom outcomes that you entered in the Outcomes window in Specifying a Task Outcome display in this list. Select a percentage value required for the outcome of this task to take effect; for example, a majority vote ( 51 ) or a unanimous vote ( 100 ). For example, assume there are two possible outcomes ( ACCEPT and REJECT ) and five subtasks. If two subtasks are accepted and three are rejected, and the required acceptance percentage is 50%, the outcome of the task is contrast two things essay rejected. Specify additional group voting details: Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is policy towards met. If selected, the compare contrast essay, outcome of the task can be computed early with the outcomes of the completed subtasks, enabling the pending subtasks to be withdrawn. For example, assume four users are assigned to act on a task, the default outcome is pakistan foreign policy APPROVE , and the consensus percentage is compare set at 50 . If the first two users approve the task, the pakistan foreign, third and fourth users do not need to act on the task, since the consensus percentage value has already been satisfied. Compare. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. If selected, the workflow waits for a tok all responses before an outcome is initiated. 15.6.5.3.5 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on two things essay, a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in business example, Figure 15-14. Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in compare contrast essay, the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. Plan Table Example. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the contrast, task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to a tok, the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. Contrast Essay. 15.6.5.4 Configuring the essay, Management Chain Participant Type. Figure 15-15 displays the Management Chain window. This participant type routes tasks for approval to multiple users in compare, a management chain hierarchy. You specify the task participants as a management chain list or a list of users. For example, a purchase order is assigned to a manager. If the word story, manager approves the order, it is assigned to their manager. If that manager approves it, it is assigned to their manager, and so on until three managers approve the contrast two things, order. If any of the managers reject the dissertations, request or the request expires, the order is compare contrast rejected. Figure 15-15 Add Participant Type #x2014; Management Chain. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in essays class, the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and compare contrast essay, so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Management Chain window are listed in Table 15-5: Table 15-5 Add Participant Type - Management Chain. English. Highest Title of Approver. 15.6.5.4.1 Assigning Participants to the Management Chain Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of two things essay user properties, roles, group memberships, and foreign policy, privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an essay LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the essays, Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to contrast essay, a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.4.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the foreign policy towards, Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for contrast two things essay accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by foreign their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for compare contrast an example of a tok essay matrix a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.4.3 Specifying the Number of compare contrast essay Approvers. Specify the following task routing parameters. When both parameters are specified, task routing is determined by essay both parameters. Contrast Two Things Essay. The routing continues until one of essay these parameters is satisfied. If you select By Expression from the contrast two things essay, lists below, you can dynamically specify the details by essay clicking the icon to the right of the contrast essay, field to display the Expression Builder window. Maximum Number of Chain Levels Up. Enter a value for a tok essay the number of levels in the management chain to include in this task. Compare Contrast Essay. For example, if set to 2 and the task is initially assigned to user jcooper , both the essays for composition class, user jstein (manager of jcooper ) and the user wfaulk (manager of compare contrast essay jstein ) are included in a tok, the list (apart from jcooper , the compare contrast two things essay, initial assignee). This is a mandatory field. Highest Title of Approver. Essay. Select the title of the last (highest) user in the management chain. The title is retrieved from the identity service. 15.6.5.4.4 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-15. Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the contrast, user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and dissertations, Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to two things essay, escalate the task and foreign, this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the compare two things essay, global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.4.5 Inviting Additional Participants to plan table of contents, a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. For the management chain participant type, the additional participants can be invited only by the last user in the management chain. 15.6.5.5 Configuring the Sequential List of Approvers Participant Type. Figure 15-16 displays the Sequential List of Approvers window. This enables you to create a list of sequential participants for a workflow. For example, if you want a document to be reviewed by John, Mary, and Scott in sequence, use this participant type. This is similar to the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. For the sequential list of approvers participant type, they can be any list of users or groups. Figure 15-16 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of Approvers. Enter a recognizable label for compare two things this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and business plan of contents example, so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Sequential List of Approvers window are listed in Table 15-6. Contrast Two Things Essay. Table 15-6 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of Approvers. Example. 15.6.5.5.1 Assigning Participants to the Sequential List of Approvers Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in essay, this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the english, field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. Compare Two Things Essay. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an class LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. Compare Two Things Essay. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the english dissertations, icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on compare essay, a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the dissertations, task in compare, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.5.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is word essay story satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for compare essay building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by dissertations their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.5.3 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on compare contrast, a Task. Click the + sign to expand the dissertations, Advanced section shown in Figure 15-16. Click Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the compare essay, routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the english dissertations, global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to two things essay, the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on matrix, setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.5.4 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. For the sequential list of approvers participant type, the contrast essay, additional participants can be invited only by the last user in the management chain. 15.6.5.6 Configuring the FYI Assignee Participant Type. Figure 15-17 displays the FYI Assignee window. This participant type is 1000 word essay used when a task is sent to essay, a user, but the business process does not wait for a tok matrix a user response; it just continues. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the outcome of a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. For example, a magazine subscription is due for renewal. If the compare contrast essay, user does not cancel the current subscription before the expiration date, the english, subscription is renewed. This user is reminded weekly until the compare contrast two things, request expires or the user acts on it. Figure 15-17 Add Participant Type #x2014; FYI Assignee. Enter a recognizable label for pakistan foreign towards this participant in the Label field. Two Things Essay. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the 1000 essay, Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee window are listed in Table 15-7: Table 15-7 Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee. 15.6.5.6.1 Assigning Participants to two things, the FYI Assignee Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Plan Table. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to contrast two things essay, the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of essay a group are assigned this task. Contrast Two Things Essay. For a user to act on essay matrix, a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.6.2 Sharing Attachments and Comments with Task Participants. Select the Share attachments and compare contrast two things essay, comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to share comments and business of contents example, attachments for this task. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. 15.6.5.7 Configuring the External Routing Service Participant Type. Figure 15-18 displays the External Routing Service window. This participant type enables you to configure an external routing service that dynamically determines the participants in the workflow. If this participant type is specified, all other participant types are ignored. It is assumed that the external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of approvers, group vote, and so on) at run time to determine the compare contrast essay, routing of the task. Figure 15-18 Add Participant Type #x2014; External Routing Service. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. Plan Example. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and compare essay, so on). Enter the fully qualified class file name or click the flashlight icon to select the name (for example, the org.mycompany.tasks.RoutingService class name). This class must implement the oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IAssignmentService interface. Click the + sign to add name and pair value parameters that can be passed to a tok essay matrix, the external service. 15.6.5.8 Allowing All Participants to Invite Other Participants. After you configure a participant type and are returned to the Human Task editor, the Allow all participants to invite other participants check box is compare contrast two things essay enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. Dissertations. Figure 15-19 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and compare essay, Routing Policy Section. This check box is the equivalent of the Adhoc workflow pattern of previous BPEL releases. This applies when there is at essay by nora ephron least one participant. In this case, each user selects users or groups as the next assignee when approving the task. If you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow, select the Allow all participants to invite other participants check box. 15.6.5.9 Abruptly Completing a Condition. After you configure a participant type and are returned to the Human Task editor, the Enable abrupt completion condition check box is enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. If you want to specify conditions under which to complete the task early, regardless of the other participants in the workflow, select the Enable abrupt completion condition check box. The Abrupt Completion Details window appears. For example, assume an expense report goes to the manager, and then the director. If the first participant (manager) rejects it, you can end the workflow without sending it to compare contrast two things, the next participant (director). There are two methods for specifying the abrupt completion of a task: XPath expression routing condition. If outcomes are specified, any time the essay, selected task outcome occurs, the task completes. If both outcome and routing condition are specified, the workflow service performs a logical OR on the two. Select appropriate outcomes and click the button. To select all, click the button. Click the icon to the right of the Routing Condition field to display the Expression Builder window for contrast two things dynamically creating a condition under which to by nora ephron, complete this task early. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. The check box is selected, indicating that you have defined information. You can click the icon to the right of the Enable abrupt completion condition check box to edit this information. 15.6.6 Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task. Figure 15-20 shows the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the compare contrast essay, Human Task editor. You can specify expiration duration of a tok matrix a task in this global policy section (also known as the routing slip level). If expiration duration is compare essay specified at the routing slip level instead of at essay matrix the participant type level, then this duration is the expiration duration of the task across all the participants. However, if you specify expiration duration at the participant type level (through the Limit allocated duration to field), then those settings take precedence over settings specified in compare two things, the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (routing slip level). Figure 15-20 Human Task Editor #x2014; Expiration and Escalation Policy Section. 15.6.6.1 Overview or Escalation and Expiration Policy. This section provides an overview of how specifying the 1000 essay love, expiration duration at this level makes this setting the expiration duration of the task across all the participants. For example, participant LoanAgentGroup and participant Supervisor have 3 days to act on two things essay, the task between them, as shown in Figure 15-21: Figure 15-21 Expire After Policy. If there is no expiration specified at either the participant level or this routing slip level, then that task has no expiration duration. A Tok Essay. If expiration duration is specified at any of the participant's level, then for that participant the participant expiration duration is used. However, the compare contrast essay, global expiration duration is english dissertations still used for the participants that do not have participant level expiration duration. The global expiration duration is always decremented by the time elapsed in the task. The policy to interpret the participant level expiration for compare essay the participants is described below: Management Chain #x2014; Each participant in the management chain gets the essay matrix, same expiration duration. The duration is not for all the assignments resulting from this assignment. If the task expires at any of the assignments in the management chain, the task expires and the escalation and contrast essay, renewal policy is applied. Sequential list of approvers #x2014; Each assignment in essays, the management chain gets the same expiration duration as the compare, one specified in 1000 word love, the sequential list of essay approvers. Note that the duration is not for all the assignments resulting from this assignment. If the task expires at any of the assignments in for composition class, the management chain, the task expires and the escalation and renewal policy is applied. In a group vote workflow, if the parallel participants are specified as a resource, a routing slip is created for each of the resources. The expiration duration of each created routing slip follows these rules: The expiration duration is the same as the expiration duration of the parallel participant if it has an expiration duration specified. The expiration duration that is left on the task if it was specified at the routing slip level. No expiration duration, otherwise. Two Things Essay. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the expiration duration for the parallel participants are determined by the routing slip. When the parent task expires in a parallel task, the subtasks are withdrawn if those tasks have not expired or completed. In the following routing slip sample, participant Loan Agent Group has an expiration duration of 1 day and english dissertations, participant Loan Agent Supervisor does not have any expiration duration on the task, even though an expiration duration is specified at the routing slip level. In this example, the routing slip is treated just as if there were no expiration duration specified at the routing slip level. Table 15-8 demonstrates the compare, expiration policy. Note that the management chain in the above example evaluates to policy afghanistan, two users #x2014; wfaulk and cdickens (manager of compare wfaulk ). Table 15-8 Expiration Policy. Select an escalation and expiration policy. You can enter a fixed time or a dynamic time by clicking the icon to the right of the By Expression field to plan of contents, display the Expression Builder window. If you never want the task to expire, select Never Expire from the compare, list shown in Figure 15-20. If you want the task to expire, select Expire after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the maximum time period for the task to remain open. Table Of Contents. When the task expires, either the escalation policy or the renewal policy at the routing slip level is applied. If neither is specified, the task expires. The expiration policy at the routing slip level is common to all the participants. The expiration policy for compare essay parallel participants is interpreted as follows. If parallel participants are specified as resources in parallel elements, there is a tok matrix no expiration policy for each of those participants. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the expiration policy for the routing slip applies to contrast two things, the parallel participants. English Dissertations. Figure 15-22 indicates that the task expires in 3 days. Figure 15-22 Expire After Policy. If you want to extend the expiration period when the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Renew after from the contrast essay, list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the maximum number of times to continue renewing this task. The renewal policy specifies the number of times the task can be renewed on expiration and the renewal duration. Business Plan Of Contents Example. In Figure 15-23, when the task expires, it is renewed at most 3 times. It does not matter if the two things, task expired at the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Figure 15-23 Renew After Policy. If you want to escalate the task (for example, to essay by nora ephron, the user's manager) if the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Escalate after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the following additional values: Maximum Escalation Levels. Number of management levels to which to escalate the compare two things, task. Highest Approver Title. The title of the highest approver (for example, self, manager, director, or CEO). Pakistan Towards Afghanistan. The escalation policy specifies the number of times the two things essay, task can be escalated on plan table, expiration and the renewal duration. In Figure 15-24, when the task expires, it is escalated at most 3 times. It does not matter if the task expired at the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Figure 15-24 Escalate After Policy. 15.6.7 Specifying Participant Notification Preferences. Figure 15-25 shows the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor (when fully expanded). Notifications indicate when a user is assigned a task or informed that the status of the task has changed. Notifications can be sent through e-mail, voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. Notifications are sent to different types of participants for different actions. Notifications are configured by default with default messages. For example, a notification message is sent to indicate that a task has completed and closed. You can create your own or modify existing configurations. Figure 15-25 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Click the + sign to two things essay, expand the Notification Settings section (displays as shown in Figure 15-25). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Notification Setting s section are listed in Table 15-9. Table 15-9 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Make e-mail messages actionable. Send task attachments with email notifications. 15.6.7.1 Notifying Recipients of Changes to essay story, Task Status. Three default status types display in the Task Status column: Assign , Complete , and Error . You can select other status types for which to receive notification messages. Contrast Two Things. Click a type in the Task Status column to display the complete list of english dissertations task types: Assign #x2014;when the task is assigned to users or a group. This action captures the compare essay, following actions: Task is assigned to a user. Task is assigned to a new user in a sequential list of approvers workflow. Task is renewed. Essay. Task is delegated. Task is reassigned. Task is compare two things escalated. Information for a task is submitted. Select a task status type. Notifications can be sent to users involved in the task in word, various capacities. Contrast. This includes when the task is assigned to a group, each user in the group is sent a notification if there is no notification endpoint available for the group. Click an entry in the Recipient column to display a list of possible recipients for the notification message. Assignees #x2014;the users or groups to whom the task is currently assigned. Initiator #x2014;the user who created the task. Approvers #x2014;the users who have approved the task so far. This applies in a sequential list of approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the task and a notification must be sent to all of a tok matrix them. Owner #x2014;the task owner. 15.6.7.2 Editing the Notification Message. A default notification message is compare contrast essay available for delivery to the selected recipient. If you want, you can modify the default message text. Click the icon in the Notification Header column to modify the default notification message. The Edit Notification Message window appears. This message applies to all the supported notification channels: e-mail, voice, fax, pager, and SMS. E-mail and fax messages can also include the worklist task detail defined in this message. The channel by which the message is delivered is based upon the notification preferences you specify. Modify the message wording as necessary. Dissertations. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. You can send task reminders, which can be based on the time the compare contrast, task was assigned to a tok, a user or the expiration time of a task. The number of reminders and the interval between the compare two things, reminders can also be configured. Select the number of reminders to send from the Remind list. If you selected to remind the assignee one, two, or three times, select the interval between reminders, and whether to send the reminder before or after the assignment. 15.6.7.4 Securing Notifications, Making Messages Actionable, and Sending Attachments. You can perform additional notification tasks in this section. Essay By Nora. Select the corresponding check box for functionality you want to use. See Also : Sending Actionable E-mails for additional configuration details. 15.6.8 Specifying Advanced Settings. This section enables you to specify advanced human task features, such as specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions and error messages, and callback classes. Figure 15-26 shows the advanced settings section of the Human Task editor. Compare Contrast Two Things Essay. Figure 15-26 Human Task Editor #x2014; Advanced Settings Section. Table 15-10 describes the sections available. Table 15-10 Advanced Settings Sections. 15.6.8.1 Specifying Escalation Rules. This option allows a custom escalation rule to be plugged in for a particular workflow. For example, to assign the task to a current user's department manager on task expiration, you can write a custom task escalation function, register it with the workflow service, and foreign, use that function in task definitions. The default escalation rule is to assign a task to the manager of the current user. To add a new escalation rule, follow the compare two things, steps below. Implement interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicTaskEscalationFunction . This implementation has to be available in the classpath for the server. Change the essays for composition class, file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml to add a new function: Enter the function name as defined in the wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file for the escalation rule in the Specify Escalation Rule field. 15.6.8.2 Specifying WordML Style Sheets for contrast essay Attachments. This option allows dynamic creation of Microsoft Word documents for the purpose of sending them as e-mail attachments using a WordML XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is essay applied on contrast two things, the task document. Click the flashlight icon to select a WordML style sheet as an attachment. 15.6.8.3 Specifying Style Sheets for Attachments. This option allows creation of e-mail attachments using an essays for composition XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is applied on the task document. Click the flashlight icon to select a stylesheet as an attachment. 15.6.8.4 Specifying Multilingual Settings. You can specify resource bundles for two things essay displaying task details in different languages in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Resource bundles are supported for the following task details. Displaying the value for task outcomes in plain text or with the message(key) format. Displaying the plan table, XML element and attributes names in the payload display of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. The key name in the resource bundle must be the same as the name of the XML element and attributes for internationalization of XML element names in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Making e-mail notification messages available in different languages. At run time, specify the XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) to obtain the internationalized string from the specified resource bundle. The locale of the notification recipient can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) . Click Configure Resource . The Resource Details window appears. Enter the name of the resource used in the resource bundle. Click the flashlight icon to select the JAR or ZIP resource bundle file to use. The resource bundle can be part of your BPEL suitcase. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Compare Contrast Essay. 15.6.8.5 Overriding Default System Actions. Table Example. The actions performed from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application are common to all business processes. However, you can restrict some actions in a particular business process. For example, assume that in a loan approval process, the business requirement is to never suspend a loan application. To model this scenario at design time, you can select Suspend as a restricted action. When an action is selected as restricted, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application does not display the action for this task. By default, these actions are available on all tasks based on the user's privileges. Two Things Essay. The task owner or bpeladmin administrator can always perform any of business table of contents example these actions on compare essay, processes they own. Click Configure Actions . Select the system actions allowed on a task. By default, all are selected and available (unrestricted). The following system actions can be restricted by unselecting them: Suspend #x2014; Enables task owners (or users with the BPMWorkflowSuspend privilege) to put a workflow temporarily on hold. Task expiration and escalation do not apply until the workflow is resumed. No actions are permitted on a suspended task (except resume and withdraw). Essays. Push back #x2014; Sends the compare two things essay, task one level back in the workflow. For example, assume the 1000, task was routed to the LoanAgentGroup and then to jstein . If jstein now pushes the task back, it goes back to the LoanAgentGroup. Renew #x2014; If a task is about to expire, a task assignee can renew the task and two things essay, request more time to perform the of contents example, task. This operation is not allowed if the process designer has restricted task renewal on the workflow. Skip current assignment #x2014; Skips the current assignment and moves to the next assignment or picks the compare two things, outcome as set by the previous approver if there are no more assignees. Adhoc Route #x2014; Enables a user to enter an 1000 word essay story outcome and then route the task in contrast essay, an adhoc fashion to the next user who must review the dissertations, task. Request Information #x2014; Any workflow participant can request information from the task initiator or any of the prior approvers of the task. When the requested information is compare contrast two things essay submitted, the task is assigned to the user who requested the information. Delegate #x2014; Any workflow participant can delegate the ephron, task to compare contrast two things, another user. In this case, the other user is acting on behalf of the current assignee. When the task is delegated, it resides on for composition class, both users' worklists until the original assignee or the delegated person acts on it. Reassign #x2014; Enables the current assignee of the task to transfer it to another user or group. In this case, the task is moved from the worklist of the current assignee to the new assignee. Escalate #x2014; Escalates a task to their manager for further action. Compare Essay. Withdraw #x2014; Enables the task initiator to withdraw any pending task if they no longer want to send it through the workflow. A Tok. A task owner can also withdraw a task on behalf of the initiator. When a task is withdrawn, the business process is called back with the state attribute of the task set to Withdrawn . Click OK to contrast two things, return to the Human Task editor. 15.6.8.6 Overriding Default Exception Management. A Tok. Tasks can error due to compare contrast two things essay, incorrect assignments. Ephron. Incorrect assignments can occur for any of the following reasons: Invalid assignees #x2014; The task assignee user or group is not a valid user in the system. Invalid dynamic assignment #x2014; When assignees are specified to be dynamic, the dynamic XPath expression is not evaluated. Contrast Essay. In the above cases, the task is marked as errored. By default, the life cycle of the ephron, task is completed with that action.During modeling of compare workflow tasks, you can specify error assignees for the workflow. If error assignees are specified, they are evaluated and the task is assigned to them. The error assignee can perform one of the following actions: Adhoc route #x2014; route the task to the actual users assigned to class, the task. Adhoc route allows the contrast two things, task to be routed to users in by nora, sequence, parallel, and so on. Reassign #x2014; reassign the contrast two things essay, task to the actual users assigned to foreign, this task. Error task #x2014; indicate that this task cannot be rectified. If there are any errors in evaluating the error assignees, the task is marked as errored. This window enables you to specify the users or groups to whom the contrast, task is assigned if an error in assignment has occurred. Click Configure Assignment . Select the story, error assignees. 15.6.8.7 Specifying Callback Classes on Task Status. You can register callbacks for the workflow service to call during the compare contrast two things, life cycle of a task. The callback class has to implement the interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . Make the callback class available in the classpath of the server. Click Configure Callbacks . Click the + sign to add a callback to essay, the table. A callback named OnAssigned is automatically added to the Callback column. Click OnAssigned to display a list of additional callback values to select for this column. The following callbacks are available: onCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. onAssigned #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is assigned to a new set of assignees due to the following actions: skip current assignment. override routing slip. onUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for contrast two things essay any other update to the task that does not fall in the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on a task due to request for essays for composition information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and so on. onSubtaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any update to a subtask. Click Java in the Type column to display a list of additional values for this column. Click the two things, empty field in the Value column to enter a value. Essay. The value is the complete class name of the Java class that implements oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . 15.6.8.8 Allowing Task and Routing Customization in BPEL Callbacks. The Allow task and routing customization in BPEL callbacks check box must be selected if you select the check box of the same name on the Human Task - Advanced tab shown in Figure 15-28. Selecting both check boxes updates the two things essay, metadata for policy afghanistan callbacks. 15.6.9 Exiting the Human Task Editor and compare, Saving Your Changes. You can save your human task changes at any time. The task can be re-edited at a later time by clicking the essays class, metadata task configuration .task file in the Application Navigator . Select Save from the compare contrast essay, File main menu or click the X sign to close the .task metadata task configuration file. If you click the X sign, select Yes when prompted to save your changes. 15.7 Task 2: Associating the Human Task with a BPEL Process. You must associate the .task file that consists of the human task settings with a BPEL process. Business Plan Table Example. When association is complete, a Task Service partner link is created. The Task Service exposes the operations required to act on a task. The method by which you created the compare contrast, human task indicates if the task is already associated with a BPEL process. A Tok Matrix. Table 15-11 describes these methods and references sections on how to proceed. Note that regardless of whether you have already associated the human task with a BPEL process, you must still define key human task activity properties, including the contrast essay, task title, task initiator, task priority, and task parameter variables. These tasks are described in Defining the Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and Parameter Variables and Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Ephron. Table 15-11 Human Task Association with the BPEL Process. Contrast Two Things Essay. Right-clicked the BPEL process in essay ephron, the Application Navigator . Contrast Two Things Essay. Selected Create Human Task Definition . Dragged and dropped a human task activity into the BPEL process. Selected the second icon ( Create Task Definition ) to the right of the Task Definition field in the General tab of the Human Task window. For Composition Class. 15.7.1 Associating a Human Worklist Task with a BPEL Process. Select the BPEL process with which to associate the .task file of the human task in the Application Navigator . Select Process Activities from the Component Palette . Drag and drop a new Human Task activity into your BPEL process. The Add a Human Task window appears. When you first drag and drop this activity into Oracle JDeveloper, the window is named Add a Human Task . After you finish specifying details on compare two things, this window and click OK , the name of this window changes to simply Human Task . Click the first icon to word essay story, the right of the Task Definition field. The Choose Task Definition File appears. Select the essay, .task file and click Open . This file is essays for composition class located in the bpel human_task_name directory of your BPEL process. The .task file is added to the Task Definition field. See the following sections to configure the human task activity: 15.7.2 Opening a Human Task Activity Already Associated with a BPEL Process. Double-click the previously created Human Task activity in your BPEL process. The Human Task window appears. Two Things Essay. Click the third icon to the right of the Task Definition field to open the a tok essay matrix, human worklist task you previously created. See the contrast, following sections to configure the human task activity: 15.7.3 Defining the Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and Parameter Variables. Figure 15-27 shows the business, General tab. Figure 15-27 Human Task #x2014; General Tab. Two Things Essay. The General tab of the Human Task activity enables you to perform the tasks shown in Table 15-12: Table 15-12 Human Task - General Tab. Enter the task title in word essay story, the Task Title field through one of the contrast, following methods. This is a mandatory field. Your entry in this field overrides the task title you entered in the Title field of the Human Task editor described in Specifying a Task Title and Priority. Ephron. The title displays the task in contrast two things, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Enter the title manually. Click the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window to dynamically create the title. You can also mix static text and dynamic expressions in the same title. To include dynamic text, place your cursor at the appropriate point in the text and click the essays, icon on the right to invoke the Expression Builder window. 15.7.3.2 Specifying the Task Initiator and Task Priority. Enter the initiator (for example, jcooper ) or click the icon to the right of the Initiator field to display the Expression Builder window for compare dynamically specifying an initiator. Plan Table Example. This field is optional. The initiator is the user who initiates a task. The initiator can view their created tasks from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application and perform specific tasks defined in the System Action Details window, such as withdrawing or suspending a task. If not specified, the initiator defaults to the task owner specified on the Advanced tab of the Human Task window. The initiator defaults to bpeladmin if a task owner is also not specified. Select a priority value between 1 (the highest) and 5 from the Priority list. This field is contrast essay provided for user reference and english, does not make this task a higher priority during run time. The priority can be used to sort tasks in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This priority value overrides the priority value you select in the Priority list of the Human Task editor. Specifying a Task Title and Priority for compare contrast essay instructions on essays for composition class, specifying the priority in the Human Task editor. The task parameter table displays a list of task parameters after you complete the Task Title and Initiator fields. Click the flashlight in the BPEL Variable column to map the task parameter to the BPEL variable. You must map only the task parameters that carry input data. For output data that is filled in two things, from the worklist, you do not need to essay, map the corresponding variables. The Task Parameters window appears. Expand the Variables navigation tree and select the appropriate task variable. Compare Contrast Two Things Essay. The Human Task window appears as follows. If you want to define advanced features for the human task activity, click the Advanced tab and go to section Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Business Plan Of Contents. Otherwise, click OK to close the Human Task window. 15.7.4 Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Figure 15-28 shows the Advanced tab. Figure 15-28 Human Task #x2014; Advanced Tab. The Advanced tab of the Human Task activity enables you to perform the tasks shown in Table 15-13: Table 15-13 Human Task - Advanced Tab. Global Task Variable Name. 15.7.4.1 Specifying a Scope Name and a Global Task Variable Name. You are automatically provided with default scope and compare contrast two things essay, global task variable names during human task activity creation. However, you can specify custom names that are used to name the scope and global variable during human task activity creation. Enter the name for the BPEL scope to be generated in the Scope Name field. This BPEL scope encapsulates the english, entire interaction with the workflow service and BPEL variable manipulation. Enter the global task variable name in the Global Task Variable Name field. This is the name of the compare contrast two things essay, BPEL task variable used for essay matrix the workflow interaction. Enter the task owner name in contrast, the Owner field or click the icon to the right to use the Expression Builder to dynamically specify the owner of a tok matrix this task. The task owner can view tasks belonging to business processes they own and perform operations on behalf of any of the task assignees. Two Things. Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. If you do not specify a task initiator on business of contents example, the General tab of the Human Task window, it defaults to the owner specified here. Compare Two Things Essay. If an owner is not specified, it defaults to the bpeladmin administrator. 15.7.4.3 Specifying an Identification Key. Enter an optional identification key value in essay, the Identification Key field. The identification key can be used as a user-defined ID for the task. For example, if the task is two things essay meant for approving a purchase order, the purchase order ID can be set as the identification key of the task. Tasks can be searched from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application using the essay love, identification key. Compare Essay. This attribute has no default value. 15.7.4.4 Including the dissertations, Task History of Other Human Tasks. This feature enables one workflow to be continued with another workflow. Select the Include task history from check box to extend a previous workflow task in the BPEL process. Compare Contrast Two Things Essay. Selecting this check box includes the task history, comments, and attachments from the previous task. This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. When a workflow task is continued with another workflow, the following information is pakistan afghanistan carried over to the new workflow: Task payload and contrast, the changes made to the payload in the previous workflow. Comments added to the task in the previous workflow. Attachments added to the task in the previous workflow. In the Include task history from list, all existing workflows are listed. Selecting a particular workflow permits you to extend (continue) the selected workflow. For example, a hiring process is used to hire new employees. Each interviewer votes to hire or not hire a candidate. If 75% of the votes are to pakistan foreign policy towards, hire, then the candidate is hired; otherwise, the candidate is rejected. Contrast Two Things. If the candidate is to be hired, an entry in the HR database is created and the human resources contact completes the hiring process. The HR contact also needs to see the interviewers and the comments they made about the essay by nora ephron, candidate. Two Things Essay. This process can be modeled using a group vote for the hiring. If the candidate is hired, a database adapter is used to for composition, create the entry in the HR database. After this, a simple workflow can include the task history from the group vote so that the hiring request, history, and interviewer comments are carried over. Compare Contrast. This simple workflow is word love story assigned to the HR contact. 15.7.4.5 Allowing Task and Routing Customizations in BPEL Callbacks. Select the Allow task and two things essay, routing customizations in BPEL callbacks check box to notify the BPEL process using OnMessage callbacks every time a task is routed to a different user or when the a tok essay matrix, task status changes. You must also select the check box of the same name in the Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor shown in Figure 15-26 in order to update the metadata for callbacks. In these callbacks, you can call the Task Service to change the routing or update the current assignees. This option impacts the compare contrast essay, BPEL code generated to interact with the Task Service. If this option is not selected, the client process gets notified only when the foreign policy, task completes or when it expires or errors out. Click OK to compare contrast essay, close the Human Task window. Go to the Human Task editor for this human task (the .task file). Expand the Advanced Settings section at the bottom of the class, editor. Click Allow task and routing customization in BPEL callbacks . This check box must be selected to use callbacks. Contrast Essay. This enables you to update the essay, metadata. 15.7.5 Viewing the Generated Human Task Activity. When you have completed modeling the human task activity, the human task is generated in compare contrast two things, the designer window. Figure 15-29 shows how a workflow interaction is modeled in english, Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Figure 15-29 also illustrates the interaction when no BPEL callbacks are modeled. In this case, once a task is complete, the contrast essay, BPEL process is called back with the completed task. No intermediary events are propagated to the BPEL process instance. It is recommended that any user customizations be done in towards afghanistan, the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Two Things Essay. Figure 15-29 Workflow Interaction Modeling. Figure 15-30 shows a workflow interaction in word love story, Oracle JDeveloper. Figure 15-30 Workflow Interaction Modeling in Oracle JDeveloper. If intermediary events need to be propagated to the BPEL process instance, select the Allow task and routing customization in BPEL callbacks check box in both the Advanced tab of the compare essay, Human Task window and the Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor. When these options are selected, the business plan of contents, workflow service invokes callbacks in the BPEL instance during each update of the essay, task. The callbacks are listed in the TaskService.wsdl file and described below: onTaskCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. onTaskAssigned #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is assigned to a new set of assignees due to the following actions: Skip current assignment. Override routing slip. onTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any other update to the task that does not fall in the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on tasks due to a tok essay, request for essay information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and so on. 1000 Essay Love Story. onSubTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any update to two things essay, a subtask. Figure 15-31 shows how a workflow interaction with callbacks is modeled in business of contents, Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Once this task is initiated, a while loop is used to receive messages until the compare contrast two things essay, task is complete. The while loop contains a pick with four onMessage branches #x2014; one for each of the pakistan foreign afghanistan, above-mentioned callback operations. The workflow interaction works fine even if nothing is changed in contrast two things essay, the onMessage branches, meaning that customizations in the onMessage branches are not required. Matrix. In this scenario, a workflow context is captured in the BPEL instance. This context can be used for all interaction with the workflow services. For example, if you want to reassign a task if it is assigned to a group, then you need the workflow context for the reassignTask operation on the Task Service. It is recommended that any user customizations be done in the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and contrast essay, that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Figure 15-31 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) Figure 15-32 shows a workflow interaction in Oracle JDeveloper. By Nora. Figure 15-32 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) in Oracle JDeveloper. 15.7.5.2 Including the Task History from Other Workflows. When the task history is included in a workflow, the contrast essay, generated BPEL process described in the previous two sections is similar, with the following differences: The BPEL variable from the workflow whose task history is to be included is foreign towards afghanistan reused and no new BPEL variable is compare contrast created. The first invoke activity invokes the reinitiate operation instead of the 1000 essay love story, initiate operation. In many cases, the outcome of a task determines the flow of the business process. To facilitate modeling of the contrast essay, business logic, when a user task is generated, a BPEL switch activity is essays for composition also generated with prebuilt BPEL case activities. By default, one case branch is created for each outcome selected during creation of the task. An otherwise branch is also generated in the switch to represent cases when the task is withdrawn, expired, or errored. The task carries a payload in it. Contrast Essay. If the payload is set from a business process variable, then an business table of contents assign activity with the name copyPayloadFromTask is created in each of the compare two things, case and pakistan, otherwise branches to compare essay, copy the payload from the task back to its source. If the payload is expressed as other XPath expressions (such as ora:getNodes(. ) ), then this assign is not created because of the lack of a process variable to copy the payload back. If the payload does not need to be modified, then this assign can be removed. 15.7.6.2 Case Statements for Other Task Conclusions. Pakistan Afghanistan. By default, the switch activity contains case statements for the outcomes only. The other task conclusions are captured in compare contrast two things, the otherwise branch. These conclusions are as follows: The task is business plan withdrawn. The task is errored. The task is expired. If business logic must be added for each of these other conclusions, then case statements can be added for each of the preceding conditions. The case statements can be created as shown in the following BPEL segment. Essay. The XPath conditions for the other conclusions in the case activities for each of the for composition class, preceding cases are shown in bold. 15.8 Task 3: Generating the Task Display Form. The task display form defines the display mechanism for the task payload in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This section describes the different types of task display forms you can use. This section contains the following topics: 15.8.1 Overview of Task Display Forms. The task display form for the human task can be automatically generated and then customized or developed completely from the beginning using the compare essay, workflow APIs. In the automatically generated case, a set of seeded templates and regions are used for the task forms. Essays For Composition. There are two methods for generating forms associated with the task definition: Automatically generate a simple task form #x2014; JSP-based forms that use the standard header, body, and footer template. Custom task form #x2014; enables you to contrast two things, select one of the existing templates and regions to create a task form. Dissertations. You can also specify which task parameters to compare, display in plan of contents example, the form. When task display forms are generated, a .tform file is created, which includes a template URI and region information. The .tform file is included in the process deployment archive and is deployed during process deployment. 15.8.2 Selecting a Task Display Form. Follow these instructions to generate a task display form for two things essay the human task. Go to the Application Navigator in Oracle JDeveloper. Right-click the folder of the human task for which to create a task display form (for this example, ExpenseApproval of the ExpenseRequest BPEL process in selected). The following menu of selections appears. See the following sections for details about generating the different types of task forms: 15.8.2.1 Preview Release of Task Display Form Support for ADF Data Controls. A preview release of task display form support for application development framework (ADF) data controls is provided. Very minimal support is a tok matrix provided with this preview release. Note the following limitations: There is no support for contrast two things essay complex XSDs with recursive elements. Afghanistan. Task forms generated with ADF data controls cannot be edited. Follow these procedures to use this preview release: Open an operating system command prompt. Open Oracle JDeveloper in preview mode: Note that Auto Generate Task Form With ADF Datacontrols now appears as a menu option when you right-click the folder of the compare contrast two things essay, human task, as shown in a tok, Step 2 of Selecting a Task Display Form. Contrast Essay. Open the SOA_Oracle_Home j2ee OC4J_Home configserver.xml file. where OC4J_Home is the name of the OC4J container for your install type: home #x2014; for the Oracle Application Server SOA Basic install type. OC4J_SOA #x2014; if you accepted the default value for the Oracle Application Server SOA Advanced install types. Add the following line under the shared-library name=oracle.bpel.common version=10.1.3 section: Restart Oracle Application Server SOA Suite for the changes to take effect. 15.8.3 Automatically Generating a Simple Task Display Form. 1000 Word Love. This option enables you to automatically generate a task form based on the default task parameters and three regions. Compare Essay. Select Auto Generate Simple Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. The default layout is based on the following three region template: Header region #x2014; this region has standard task attributes such as title, priority, created date, assignee, and expiration date. Essays. This information is contained in compare two things, the Header1.jsp file. Body region #x2014; this region is generated based on the task parameters. Depending on the XSD used in the task, it is a tok essay matrix either generated as a list of values or as a table (for repeating items). Essay. If you specified the parameter to be modifiable through the worklist on the Add Task Parameter window in Step 2, it displays as an editable field in the form. Essays Class. Otherwise, the field displays as read-only. The information for this region is contained in the payload-body.jsp file and the payload-body.xml mapping file. After generation, if you want to change any read-only parameters, you can modify the payload-body.xml file. Footer region #x2014; this region has an area for comments, attachments, and a short history of the task routing. This information is contained in the Footer1.jsp file. A .tform file is generated. The contents of this file are as follows: 15.8.3.1 Payload File for the Autogenerated JSP. Two Things Essay. Two files are automatically generated to display the payload for the autogenerated JSP: A default JSP file named payload-body.jsp . This file is matrix added to two things, the HTML root directory of your project, which is by default the public_html directory. A mapping XML file named payload-body.xml . This file is 1000 word love added to the same directory of your project as payload-body.jsp. Compare Contrast Essay. If you select Custom Task Form in Step 2, you can specify a unique file name for the autogenerated JSP. The mapping XML file is word essay love created based on the JSP file name. You can also select the payload elements to include in the autogenerated JSP. For example, if the JSP file is named autogenerate-body.jsp , then the mapping XML file is named autogenerate-body.xml . The JSP run-time library and the BPMWorkflow library are automatically added to your BPEL project for compilation of the contrast essay, JSP file. The default JSP is designed with two goals in mind: To present you with a simple form; that is, an XSD tree with a depth of more than three must be shown in class, a more readable way in contrast two things essay, the JSP. Ephron. The default JSP must require minimum modification. If modification is unavoidable, it can be easily performed with a user interface tool. To attain these goals, instead of presenting a tree structure that mimics the two things essay, payload XSD structure, the default JSP groups the entire payload structure in sections. It groups simple types that belong to the same parents and makes them sections. For example, assume you provide the following payload XSD: This XSD has the structure shown in Figure 15-33. Figure 15-33 Structure of the XSD for english myCompanyType. In the default JSP, based on the structure of the leaf nodes, there are three sections: , , and . These three sections are named according to their parents' names; that is, the sections are named board , my Company , and department , respectively. In the board section, there are two fields, size and head . Each of these fields are in compare essay, an editable HTML input type.The section department is different from other sections and can have multiple occurrences ( maxOccurs 1 ). In this case, all the fields in this section (that is, size , head , and function ) are horizontally presented in a table, with each row representing one department . This is called a table section. There is a plus ( + ) button for adding a row (department) and a minus ( - ) button for subtracting a row (department) for the department table section.Unlike a regular section, it is not necessarily true that all the fields belong to essays, the same XSD parent in compare contrast essay, a table section. Essays. For example, suppose the contrast two things, head element has two elements: employeeNumber and dateOfBirth . Since these two elements have maxOccurs set to less than or equal to 1 , they are shown in the same department table section. This is a desired behavior, because adding a row in the department table not only adds a size and a function field, but also adds the head information fields in the same department row. This makes it easy to move through complicated payload instances. Nested multiple ( maxOccurs 1 ) elements are supported. Assume the department element has a groupMember child element whose maxOccurs is unbounded. In that case, the parent element department is presented in a table section while the child groupMember elements are presented in dissertations, different child table sections. The parent department table section has a column called group member that contains an HTML href link pointing to its corresponding child group member section in each department row. Pressing the + button in the parent department section not only adds a row in the parent table, but also adds a child section for that corresponding new row. Compare Contrast. The default JSP in the current release has the following limitations: XSDs that contain recursive elements are not supported. Pakistan. The default JSP shows all the essay, simple types defined in the payload XSD. English Dissertations. If multiple simple types belong to the same XSD choice block, all these simple types are shown in contrast essay, the default JSP. Essays Class. Although simple types are preserved in the JSP, XSD restrictions are not relevant. Only payloads copied from variables that are not simple types are supported. For example, if the query is bpws:getVariableData(var) or bpws:getVariableData(var, part) and the variable is a simple type, then JSP generation fails. Note that bpws:getVariableData(var, part, query) and bpws:getVariableData(var, query) work even if the queried data is a simple type. You only need to make sure the compare contrast essay, variable itself is not a simple type. XSI extensions are not supported. No special handling of XSD order indicators occurs (that is, choice , all , and sequence ). For example, the default JSP does not check if you entered both firstname and lastname : 15.8.3.1.1 Customizing the Autogenerated JSP. The autogenerated default JSP is generic, and so may require changes to improve its look and policy afghanistan, feel. The JSP works in conjunction with the mapping file to compare two things, determine which elements in a tok essay matrix, the payload are displayed in the form. 15.8.3.1.2 Customizing the Mapping File. The mapping file gives you control of the presentation. Essay. The mapping file is an XML file that contains a list of viewable fields. The root element in the mapping file contains its targetNameSpace , other namespaces, and xmlEditable as its attributes. A Tok. All the elements that are simple types are listed as fields in the mapping file. Along with these elements, their immediate parents are listed as well for multilanguage support. Each field has three properties defined in the mapping file. They are xpath , editable , and resource_key . The xpath property defines the XPath of this field. Contrast Two Things Essay. It is always prefixed by /ns0:task/ns0:payload . This is the XPath to english dissertations, the root of the payload object. When maxOccurs is greater than 1 , it is denoted by
  • . For example, /ns0:task/ns0:payload/company[*]/ceo shows that maxOccurs is greater than 1 for compare contrast two things the company field. Do not modify this XPath field because it is also a unique key that determines the identity of the field. The editable property defines if this field is editable. It defaults to true . If the value of this field is changed to false , the default JSP shows a disabled text field that disallows value changes. 1000 Word Essay Love. The resource_key property is for multilanguage support. To ensure that your autogenerated JSP shows a preferred language other than English, you must supply a resource bundle. Follow these steps to add a resource bundle: Create a bundle file (for example, MyBundle ). Compare Contrast Two Things. This file points to a properties file that resides at the root of the project.
  • The following code shows an example of MyBundle_en-US.properties : In this case, if a field is defined in your mapping file as follows. in the default JSP returns the string i18n Task if your locale is matrix set to en-US . Similarly, if your locale is set to French, the proper properties file ( MyBundle_fr.properties ) is picked up. Specify the compare contrast, resource bundle name and location in the Resource Details window of the Human Task editor, as shown in Specifying Multilingual Settings. 15.8.3.1.3 Customizing the Default JSP. If the mapping file does not provide enough control, you can modify the default JSP file. Only modify the plan table of contents, section after the label: Most JSP modifications can be made in the JSP design view of Oracle JDeveloper. By default, all the fields are set to text field. If you want to change a text field to a text area, you can do the following. Select Text Area in the Component Palette , as shown in Figure 15-34. Figure 15-34 Oracle JDeveloper JSP Design View. Drop it into the position of the text field you want to replace. Contrast. Note that the name of the text field is set by calling the function oracle.bpel.services.workflow.worklist.payload.PayloadFormGenerator.constructName(String xpath) , and the value of the field is set by PayloadFormGenerator.selectNodeValue(Element payload, String xpath, Map namespace) . These functions must be used to construct form field names and to retrieve form field values. Set the english, text area's name and value to the same name and contrast, value as the text field. Delete the text field. In the word story, place you want to compare essay, insert text or other HTML elements that are not in a table, add text by typing it or add an HTML element by dragging and dropping the HTML component from the Component Pallet . If the place you want to insert HTML elements is in an HTML table, to insert text or a horizontal rule, first add a table row by clicking a row, right-clicking, and selecting Insert Row . After a row is inserted, you may need to policy, merge all the cells in the row by selecting all the cells in the row and right-clicking to select Merge Cells . Compare Two Things. Then you can either type your text or drag and drop your HTML component. If you want to change the layout of the table or form, highlight the section you want to modify, right-click, and select table or form. If you want to format the text, use the toolbar's color and style buttons. It is recommended that you modify the default JSP's look and feel only. Essay By Nora. You should preserve the functions being used in the JSP. You must not alter the hidden parameters being submitted in the HTML form, because the Update button invokes form submission to the WFTaskUpdate that expects certain values. If your change is two things complicated and has programming logic in it, you must switch to essay ephron, the source view and contrast essay, modify the essay, JSP code directly. By putting the statement %@ page pageEncoding=UTF-8 % in contrast two things, the default JSP, UTF-8 is set as the towards, default encoding. The HelpDeskServiceRequest demo in SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsamplesdemos for an example of an compare contrast autogenerated JSP and how to 1000 love story, change the payload presentation. Essay. 15.8.3.1.4 Displaying a Check Box on the Worklist Payload JSP. English. Follow these instructions if you want to customize the two things, JSP page to dissertations, display a selectable check box instead of a text box. Note that the input for the status is generated as follows. Substitute the entire code block shown in Step 1 with the following code block: Add the compare two things, following JavaScript . For Composition. This is required because the value for the check box field in JavaScript is always the value defined in the input element. 15.8.4 Generating a Custom Task Display Form. Compare Contrast Two Things. For this release, task display forms are generated by using templates consisting of different regions. 1000 Story. Oracle JDeveloper automatically includes three templates and two default JSPs: The three templates are as follows: Three Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the header, body and footer regions. These regions can be displayed by using custom JSP, XSL, default JSP, or autogenerated JSP files. The automatically generated JSP displays the body region. Compare Contrast Essay. Two Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the header and a tok essay, footer regions. One Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the body region. The two default JSPs are as follows: The header JSP displays task attributes such as task number, priority, title, and so on. The footer JSP displays task attributes such as attachment, comments, and so on. The custom task display form enables you to select the compare contrast, template and rendering type for displaying task details. A Tok Essay Matrix. Select Custom Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. The Task Form Display window appears. Select a template from the Current Template list. Three are three seeded regions (three region JSP, two region JSP, and one region JSP). After selecting a region, you can specify how to render it. See the following sections for details about generating the different types of custom task display forms: This option enables you to automatically generate a form for the payload of the task. You can also optionally specify which particular task parameters you want to include in the displayed form. Compare Two Things Essay. Select Auto JSP from the Body list in the Rendering section. An icon displays to the right of Body.jsp in the Source section. The Payload Mapping window appears. This window enables you to select message attributes. Select message attributes to include in the autogenerated JSP. Click OK to return to essays for composition class, the Task Form Display window. This option enables you to invoke an external custom JSP to display the task details. You can also specify URL parameters to pass to this JSP at run time. Three parameters are passed in by default #x2014; taskID , version , and workflowContext . Additional parameters must be explicitly specified. Select Custom JSP from the Header list in the Rendering section. A second icon displays to the right of the Source section for editing custom JSP parameters. Enter the custom JSP file name in compare essay, the Source field or click the first icon to select the JSP file to use. This JSP is used in essays for composition class, the project and deployed with the other JSP files. Click the contrast two things, second icon to specify run time JSP parameters. The Payload Mapping window appears. This window enables you to add input JSP parameters. Add a parameter by a tok clicking the + sign. Add a name in the Name column. Click the contrast two things, icon to the right of the row to display the Expression Builder window to dynamically enter a value for the XPath column. For this example, the custom JSP is using a parameter named PRIORITY to receive the task ID from the request. Therefore, PRIORITY is specified as the name and /tns:task/tns:systemAttributes/tns:PRIORITY is specified as the XPath expression. Creating Custom JSP Forms for details about explicitly passing parameters. This option provides the default Header1.jsp and Footer1.jsp files to display the header and plan table of contents, footer regions, respectively. This option enables you to compare contrast two things, specify an XSL to convert the task XML document into an HTML document for the form. English Dissertations. Note that this is useful only to create read-only forms. Enter the HTTP location in the Source field or click the first icon to select the input XSL file to use. 15.8.5 Deploying Task Display Forms. Workflow task display forms are deployed by using the deployTaskForm ant target. This target is executed when you deploy the BPEL process from Oracle JDeveloper or from the command prompt. This target generates an EAR file that includes all generated default or custom JSPs. This generated EAR file is compare contrast two things deployed as a child of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager application. The following directory structure is generated. The following subdirectories and english, files are created: A J2EE enterprise archive directory named ear is created. EAR deployment descriptors are generated and stored in contrast two things essay, the META-INF subdirectory. For Composition Class. A Web archive (WAR) directory named war is two things essay created. This directory contains the english dissertations, following files and subdirectories: Style sheets and Java server page files for the header ( Header1.jsp ), footer ( Footer1.jsp ), and body ( payload-body.jsp and payload-body.xml ) are generated and two things, stored in the war directory. Web service deployment descriptors are generated in the subdirectory WEB-INF . You can delete all form-related files by essay by nora ephron right-clicking the human task folder in the Application Navigator and selecting Delete Task Form files . As described earlier, you can register a custom JSP for rendering the task details in the worklist. The BPEL worklist invokes any custom JSP that has been registered. Follow these instructions to create a custom JSP form. Get the essay, task ID, version, and context ID from the request. Get the essays for composition, workflow context object based on the context ID. Get the task object based on the task ID and version. Use the task query service API getTaskDetailsById if the version is null or empty. Otherwise, use the getTaskVersionDetails API. Use the contrast two things essay, task object methods to get the values you want to display in the JSP. In the case of update support, generate the hidden HTML type for the following parameters, so that the update servlet can read these parameter values: You can get the values for these parameters in essay ephron, the custom JSP servlet request object. Run time invokes the custom JSP by passing these parameters. The following custom JSP code shows how to use these steps to write a custom JSP that uses the local query service and verification APIs. Contrast. For this reason, deploy this JSP as a child of the hw_services application. If you do not want to 1000 word essay, deploy to the same application server, replace local APIs with remote APIs. 15.8.6.1 Adding Update Support in the Custom JSP. Contrast Essay. To add update support in the custom JSP, you can write the servlet that uses the remote task service APIs to towards, update the custom JSP task values: Get the task object by using the same steps as used in the custom JSP. Query the task object and set the values based on the custom JSP form. For example, if the custom JSP form allows a user to update the priority attribute, then get the priority JSP form value and contrast two things essay, call task.setPriority( newvalue ); . Use the word love story, remote task service API to update the task. Get the value from servlet parameter WORKLIST_NEXT_PAGE_PARAMETER_NAME , which the custom JSP page includes as a hidden parameter. Redirect the page to the URL. 15.9 How Changes to a Workflow Appear in Worklist Application. Changes made in compare essay, Oracle BPEL Control to a BPEL process that includes a human task impact how tasks display in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: If you abort an active BPEL process instance on the Instances tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in the Status column of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. If you delete a BPEL process instance on the Instances tab, all associated tasks are deleted. If you undeploy a BPEL process on the BPEL Process tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in the Status column of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. 15.10 Notifications from Workflow Services. Notifications are sent to alert users of changes to the state of a task. Notifications can be sent through any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. This section contains the following topics: 15.10.1 Configuring the Notification Channel. After configuring the notification service for e-mail and other channels in Oracle JDeveloper, set the NotificationMode parameter for the notification service to either ALL or EMAIL in a tok matrix, the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigns_emails.xml file. By default, this value is contrast two things essay set to NONE , meaning that no notifications are sent. The possible values for the NotificationMode attribute are: ALL #x2013; the e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and pager channels are configured and notification is sent through any channel. EMAIL #x2013; Only the essay love story, e-mail channel is configured for sending notification messages. NONE #x2013; No channel is configured for sending notification messages. This is the default setting. Compare Contrast Essay. The notifications for a task can be configured during the creation of a task in 1000 essay love story, the Human Task editor. Notifications can be sent to compare essay, different types of essay ephron participants for contrast two things essay different actions. The actions for which a task notification can be sent are as follows: Assigned #x2014; when the essay by nora ephron, task is assigned to users or a group. This action captures the following task actions #x2014; acquire, adhoc route, delegate, escalate, information for a task is submitted, push back, reassign, release, and compare two things, resume. Task is completed. Task is errored. Task is expired. Information is essay by nora ephron requested for a task. Task outcome is updated. Contrast. Task is suspended. Essay By Nora. Task is withdrawn. Notifications can be sent to users involved in the task in various capacities. This includes: Assignees #x2013; the users or groups to whom the task is currently assigned. Initiator - the user who created the task. Creator #x2013; the contrast two things, user who created the task. Approvers #x2013; the users who have approved the task so far. This applies to a sequential list of approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the task and a notification must be sent to all. Owner #x2013; the owner of the task. When the task is pakistan foreign towards assigned to a group, each user in contrast two things, the group is sent a notification if no notification endpoint is plan table available for the group. Service Configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for details about compare contrast, editing the ns_emails.xml file and (for the JAZN XML provider) users-properties.xml file. Each e-mail notification can contain the following parts: The notification message. The HTML content from the worklist application #x2014; This is a read-only view of the worklist application on the task. Task attachments #x2014; If the notification includes task attachments. Notifications through SMS, voice, fax, and pager contain only the notification message. The notification message is an XPath expression that can contain static text and dynamic values. In creating the table example, messages, only the task BPEL variable is available for contrast essay dynamic values. This restriction is because the 1000 essay story, messages are evaluated outside the context of the BPEL process. The payload in the task variable is also strongly typed to contain the type of the payload for XPath tree browsing. The XPath extension function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) is available to get properties for a particular notification. The function evaluates to corresponding values for each notification. The propertyName can one of the following values: recipient #x2014; The recipient of the notification. recipientDisplay #x2014; The display name of the recipient. Contrast Two Things Essay. taskAssignees #x2014; The task assignees. taskAssigneesDisplay #x2014; The display names of the task assignees. Essays For Composition Class. locale #x2014; The locale of the recipient. taskId #x2014; The ID of the task for compare two things essay which the notification is meant. taskNumber #x2014; The number of the task for which the notification is meant. appLink #x2014; The HTML link to the worklist application task details page. The following example demonstrates the use of hwf:getNotificationProperty and hwf:getTaskResourceBundle together: This results in a message similar to the following: 15.10.3 Configuring Messages in Different Languages. It is possible to get internationalized messages in the notification content using one of the following methods. If you want to use values from the resource bundle specified during the task definition, use the towards, XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) . This function returns the internationalized string from the resource bundle specified in the task definition. The locale of the notification recipient can be retrieved with the contrast essay, function hwf:getNotificationProperty('locale') . The task ID corresponding to a notification can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty('taskId') . If a different resource bundle is used, the XPath extension function orcl:get-localized-string() can be used to retrieve localized messages. Task actions can be performed through e-mail if the task is set up to enable actionable e-mail (the same actions can also be performed from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application). An actionable e-mail account is the account in 1000 essay story, which task action-related e-mails are received and processed. This e-mail account name is identified by two things the element actionableEmailAccountName in the configuration file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf_config.xml . Ensure that you select Make e-mail messages actionable in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor to make e-mail notifications actionable. (See Figure 15-25.) This enables you to perform task actions through e-mail. If a notification is actionable, the e-mail contains links for each of the custom outcomes. Clicking on the links invokes the compose window of the e-mail client. You do not have to love, change anything in the subject or the body in this e-mail. If you change the content with the NID substrings, the compare contrast two things, e-mail is not processed. Figure 15-35 shows an english actionable e-mail sample: Figure 15-35 Actionable E-mails. Contrast. 15.10.5 Sending Inbound and Outbound Attachments. If the include attachments flag is checked; only e-mail is sent. Dissertations. The e-mails include all the task attachments as e-mail attachments. Select Send task attachments with e-mail notifications in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) In the actionable e-mail reply, the compare contrast two things essay, user can add attachments in the e-mail and these attachments are added as task attachments. In the actionable e-mail reply, the user can add comments in foreign, the e-mail between Comments[[' and ']] and those contents are added as task comments. For example, Comments[[looks good]]. In previous releases, the workflow outbound notification was not reliable. This meant that notifications were sent by using threads and the list of notifications to send was stored in memory. Compare Contrast Two Things Essay. If Oracle BPEL Server went down, workflow lost any notification messages that had not yet been sent. With release 10.1.3, the workflow outbound notification service uses queues with the persistency service to send notifications to essay ephron, users. Whenever a workflow needs to send a notification to a user, it stores the task information such as notification ID, task ID, version, and so on in the dehydration store and compare two things, enqueues the notification ID to essay matrix, the queue. A message-driven bean (MDB) listening on this queue dequeues the message and creates the notification message to send to the user. It then uses the notification service to send this message, which uses the queue with the dehydration store. 15.10.8 Sending Secure Notifications. If a notification is marked as secure in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor, a default notification message is used. (See Figure 15-25.) The default notification message includes a link to the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Contrast Two Things Essay. You must log in to see task details. 15.10.9 Channels Used for word essay love Notifications. The channel through which a user is contrast two things essay notified is determined by the notification preference attribute of the for composition class, user specified in JAZN. The notification preference is compare contrast essay identified by the attribute orclWorkflowNotificationPreference . Towards. In a JAZN file-based system, the value for this attribute can be changed in the users-properties.xml file located at SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig . In an contrast two things Oracle Internet Directory-based system, the user properties can be changed using the Oracle Delegated Administration Service. If this attribute is not set, the e-mail channel is 1000 word love story used as the default. Tasks can be configured to send reminders, which can be based on the time the task was assigned to contrast essay, a user or the expiration time of a task. The number of reminders and the interval between the reminders can also be configured. The message used for reminders is the message that is meant for ASSIGNEES when the word essay love story, task is marked as ASSIGNED . You set reminders in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) Reminder configuration involves these parameters. Recurrence #x2014; The recurrence specifies the number of times reminders are sent. The possible values for recurrence are EVERY , NEVER , 0 , 1 , 2 #x2026;, 10 . RelativeDate #x2014; The relativeDate specifies if the reminder duration is computed relative to compare contrast two things, the assigned date or to the expiration date of the task. The possible values for the relativeDate are ASSIGNED and EXPIRATION . Duration #x2014; The duration from the relativeDate and foreign afghanistan, the first reminder and each reminder since then. The data type of duration is xsd:duration , whose format is compare two things essay defined by ISO 8601 under the form PnYnMnDTnHnMnS . The capital letters are delimiters and can be omitted when the corresponding member is not used. Examples include PT1004199059S , PT130S , PT2M10S , P1DT2S , -P1Y, or P1Y2M3DT5H20M30.123S . Business Plan Example. The following examples illustrate when reminders are sent. The relativeDate is ASSIGNED , the recurrence is compare contrast two things essay EVERY , and the reminder duration is plan table example PT1D . If the task is assigned at 3/24/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM , 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , 3/27/2005 10:00 AM , and so on until the user acts on the task. If the relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the recurrence is 2 , the reminder duration is PT1D, and the task expires at compare two things 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at 3/24/2005 10:00 AM and 3/25/2005 10:00 AM if the task was assigned before 3 /24/2005 10:00 AM . If the relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the of contents example, recurrence is 2 , the reminder duration is PT1D , the task expires at 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , and the task was assigned at 3/24/2005 3:00 PM , then only one reminder is sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM . Compare Essay. Table 15-14 shows the end-to-end workflow examples included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Follow the documentation included in the same directories with these samples. In addition to the demonstration features listed in Table 15-14, all samples show the use of worklist applications and workflow notifications. Table 15-14 End-to-End Examples. Integration with a business rule engine. Adding attachments to matrix, tasks. Use of decision service to determine the levels of approvals required for a particular expense request. Microsoft Office integration. Custom worklist user interface. Promotion of task payload message attributes. Group assignment (in StarLoan process) Custom worklist user interface (in LoanFlowPlusUI and StarLoanUI) FYI tasks (in LoanFlowPlus process) This example describes how to create a vacation request business process. In this business process, the manager of a user requesting a vacation approves or rejects the contrast essay, request. The approval or rejection is a one-step process. This example highlights the use of the following: Modeling a single approval workflow using Oracle JDeveloper. Using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to view and respond to tasks. This example assumes the following: You are familiar with basic BPEL constructs, including BPEL activities and business, partner links, and basic XPath functions. Familiarity with Oracle JDeveloper#x2014;the environment for creating and deploying BPEL processes#x2014;is also assumed. You must configure the e-mail server settings for the account Default to compare essay, enable e-mail notifications. The Default account is ephron used to send e-mails. The e-mail server configuration is in. The following code example from the file shows the parameters that may require configuration in bold. Compare Contrast Essay. You must set the english dissertations, NotificationMode parameter to one of the following values in the ns_emails.xml file: ALL #x2013; If you have the essay, e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and pager channels set up. EMAIL #x2013; If you have only the e-mail channel set up. You must change the e-mail address for the user jstein to an accessible e-mail address. If the XML-based JAZN provider is used, these properties can be changed in: The following XML segment from the business plan table of contents, users-properties.xml file shows where the e-mail is configured: You must restart Oracle BPEL Process Manager after making any of the preceding changes. 15.11.3 Modeling the contrast, Vacation Request Process. In this phase of the tutorial, you create a new project, OrderApproval, and define the human workflow process, a single approver workflow in which the order is approved or rejected. The order is first assigned to the Supervisor role. After a user with the Supervisor role approves the order, it is sent to the user's manager for a tok final approval. This section contains these tasks: 15.11.3.1 Creating the contrast, Vacation Request Process and Importing the essays for composition class, Schema. Right-click your application in the Application Navigator and select New Project . Select BPEL Process Project . Compare Contrast. Create an asynchronous BPEL process with the name VacationRequest . Click the flashlight next to word essay love, Input Schema Element to browse for compare two things VacationRequest.xsd in. Towards Afghanistan. The Type Chooser window appears. Expand and select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest . Click the compare contrast two things essay, flashlight next to Output Schema Element . Expand and select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessResponse . The schemas are now imported into the project. VacationRequest.xsd appears under VacationRequest Integration Content Schemas in the Application Navigator , and under Schemas in the Structure section. The BPEL process#x2014;a Receive activity ( receiveInput ) and english, an Invoke activity ( callbackClient )#x2014;is displayed. Contrast Essay. Select Save from the File main menu. 15.11.3.2 Adding a Human Task to the Order Approval Process. When you define the human task, the a tok, VacationApproval.task file#x2014;the task configuration metadata file#x2014;is created. Drag and drop a Human Task activity between receiveInput and compare contrast two things, callbackClient . Click the by nora, Create Task Definition icon (second icon). Enter VacationApproval for the human task name and click OK . (Accept the default location.) The VacationApproval.task file is created. The Human Task editor is compare contrast displayed. For Title , enter Vacation Approval . Accept the default values for Priority and Outcomes . For Parameters , click the + icon on the right side of the window. Story. The Add Task Parameter window is displayed. Click Element and then the flashlight icon. Contrast Two Things Essay. In the Type Chooser window, expand and english, select Project Schema Files VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest , and click OK . Compare Contrast Two Things Essay. In the Add Task Parameter window, click Modifiable via worklist and click OK . This ensures that you can modify task data using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In the Assignment and Routing Policy section, click the 1000 essay, + icon on the right side of the compare contrast essay, window. The Add Participant Type window is displayed. For Type , select Single Approver . This participant type acts alone on the task. For Label , enter Vacation Approver . Click By expression . In this example, you assign the task to 1000 essay love, the manager of the vacation requester. Click the contrast, icon to the right of the Dynamic User Xpath field to display the Expression Builder window. Essay By Nora Ephron. Select Identity Service Functions from the list in the Functions section. Go to the Schema section on the left side of the Expression Builder window. Expand task:task task:payload ns0:VacationRequestProcessRequest ns0:creator . Click Insert Into Expression . The Expression Builder window appears as follows: Click OK to return to the Add Participant Type window. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Compare Essay. Click the + sign to expand the Expiration and Escalation Policy section. Select Expire after from the drop-down list. Click Fixed Duration and select 1 from the Day list. Select Save from the File main menu. Click the X next to by nora ephron, VacationApproval.task to compare two things essay, close the Human Task editor. 15.11.3.3 Assigning Input and Output Parameters for the Human Task. Map the dissertations, fields to the variables in the BPEL process. Double-click the VacationApproval_1 human task service in compare two things essay, the BPEL process. Essay Matrix. This displays the two things, Human Task window. In the essay love story, Task Title field, enter the word for after the words Vacation Approval . Click the icon at the right to display the Expression Builder window. Contrast Two Things Essay. In the BPEL Variables section, expand and 1000, select inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest client:creator . Compare. Click Insert Into Expression . The XPath expression appears in the Expression section. The XPath expression is appended to the task title. Click the english, icon to the right of the Initiator field to display the Expression Builder window. Contrast. Repeat Steps 4 through 6 to insert the same XPath expression in the Initiator field. Click the 1000 word essay, flashlight icon under the BPEL Variable column. The Task Parameters window appears. In the Task Parameters window, expand and select Variables inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest . In the Human Task window, click OK . Select Save from the File main menu. 15.11.3.4 Creating a Task Form for the Worklist. Compare. An autogenerated task form, payload-body.jsp , is created. In the business plan table example, Application Navigator , right-click the VacationApproval folder and select Auto Generate Simple Task Form . This automatically generates a task form file. Close payload-body.jsp by clicking the X sign at the top. Compare Two Things. The Switch activity reflects the possible outcomes, or cases, specified previously, Approve and Reject. It also has an Otherwise case to represent other outcomes, such as errored, stale, or expired. Inside each of the cases, you can add activities to complete modeling of the business process. Plan Example. The copyPayloadFromTask Assign activities copy the payload back to its source. Expand the taskSwitch Switch activity. Drag and drop an contrast essay Assign activity to below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in english dissertations, the case Task outcome is APPROVE section of the Switch activity. Double-click the Assign icon to display the Assign window. Click the General tab. Enter assignVacationApproval1 in the Name field. Click the Copy Operation tab. Click Create and select Copy Operation . Enter the following details: Note: The namespace number values (for example, client , ns1 ) can vary. Contrast Essay. Use the namespace values that automatically appear. Foreign Policy Afghanistan. Click OK to two things essay, close the Create Copy Operation window and the Assign window. Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to create an Assign activity below the table of contents example, copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the case Task outcome is REJECT section. Enter the same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval2. Set the Expression field to string('Rejected') Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to compare contrast essay, create an Assign Activity below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the otherwise section. Enter the same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval3. Set the Expression field to string('Rejected') The process looks as follows: Select Save from the File main menu. Click the - sign to class, close the taskSwitch Switch activity. 15.11.3.6 Validating, Compiling, and Deploying the Order Approval Process. Go to the Application Navigator section. Select Deploy my_integration_server_connection Deploy to default domain . This compiles the two things, BPEL process. Check for errors by clicking the buttons at the bottom of the window. If there are no errors, deployment was successful. 15.11.3.7 Running the Order Approval Process. Log into Oracle BPEL Control by selecting Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager BPEL Control . The Dashboard tab of Oracle BPEL Control appears. Enter the following details to a tok essay matrix, log into two things, Oracle BPEL Control and click Login : Click VacationApproval in the Deployed BPEL Processes list. Enter jcooper for the creator of the vacation. Enter appropriate values for dissertations the remaining fields. Click Post XML Message . The BPEL Processes tab displays a message similar to the following: Click the Instances tab at the top. Click the OrderApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the instance is two things essay active. Select Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager Sample Worklist Application to access the login window for Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: Log in as jstein / welcome1 . The user jstein is the foreign policy afghanistan, manager of jcooper . This displays Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. A task waiting to be approved appears. Compare Essay. Select Claim in essay ephron, the Actions list for the task to compare contrast essay, approve. Essay Ephron. The task details and payload information appear. Review the two things essay, information. For example, the following information appears if you copied and pasted in the contents of OrderBookingPO_1.xml . Select Approve from the Task Action list and click Go . Log out as user jcooper . Log into Oracle BPEL Worklist Application as jstein / welcome1 . 1000 Essay. Select Approve from the Actions list and click Go . After processing, no tasks appear in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Return to Oracle BPEL Control. Click the Instances tab at the top. Click the VacationApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the instance has completed. Click the Audit and Flow links to observe additional details about the completed OrderApproval process. Contrast Two Things Essay. Workflow services and functions are responsible for 1000 essay a variety of tasks. This section describes the responsibilities of the following workflow services: 15.12.1 EJB, SOAP, and compare two things, Java Support for the Workflow Services. Table 15-15 lists the type of SOAP, EJB, and Java support provided for the task services. Table 15-15 EJB, SOAP, and Java Support. Table 15-16 lists the location for the SOAP WSDL file for each task service. Table 15-16 SOAP WSDL Location for the Task Services. 15.12.2 Security Model for Services. With the exception of the identity service, all services that use the above-mentioned APIs (SOAP, remote EJB, local EJB, and Java WSIF) require authentication to be invoked. All the above channels support passing the user identity using the workflow context. Class. The workflow context contains either of the two things, following: Login and password. The task query service exposes the authenticate operation that takes the login and password and returns the a tok essay matrix, workflow context used for all services. Optionally, with each request, you can pass the workflow context with the login and password. The authenticate operation also supports the concept of creating the essay, context on behalf of for composition a user with the admin ID and admin password. This enables you to create the context for a logged-in user to the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application if the password for that user is not available. 15.12.2.1 Security in SOAP Web Services. SOAP Web services also support Web service security. When Web service security is used, the workflow context does not need to be present in the SOAP input. The Web service security can be configured from the Oracle Enterprise Manager 10 g Application Server Control Console. Workflow service SOAP clients cannot be used when Web service security is used. Configuring Single Sign-on Using SAML in the Oracle Application Server Web Services Security Guide for details about propagating the identity of a user from a Web application to contrast two things essay, the Web service. The workflow service EJBs also take a workflow context parameter that is used for authentication and authorization. 15.12.2.3 Creating Workflow Context on Behalf of a User. The authenticate API operation on the task query service can create the workflow context on behalf of a user by business plan of contents passing the user ID and compare contrast, password of an admin user in the request. Essay By Nora Ephron. An admin user is a user who has the compare contrast two things, BPMWorkflowAdmin role. This created context is as if it was created using the for composition class, password on behalf of the user. In this example, the workflow context is created for user jcooper . The task service exposes operations to act on essay, tasks. Table 15-17 describes the operations of the task service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task corresponds to the task service. Table 15-17 Task Service Methods. The task query service queries tasks based on a variety of search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of a task, and so on. Table 15-18 describes the operations of the policy towards afghanistan, task query service, including how to use the service over SOAP. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.query corresponds to compare contrast essay, the task query service. Table Of Contents. Table 15-18 Task Query Service Methods. assignmentFilter #x2014; Filters tasks according to whom the task is assigned, or who created the task. Possible values for the assignment filter are as follows: ADMIN #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. ALL #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. CREATOR #x2014; Returns tasks where the compare contrast, context user is the creator. GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to a tok essay matrix, one of the groups of which the context user is a member. MY #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to the context user. MY_AND_GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to either the context user, or one of the groups of which they are a member. OWNER #x2014; Returns tasks where the context user is the task owner. PREVIOUS #x2014; Returns tasks the compare, context user previously updated. REPORTEES #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to reportees of the context user. keywords #x2014; An optional search string. This only returns tasks where the string is contained in the task title, task identification key, or one of the plan of contents example, task text flex fields. predicate #x2014; An optional oracle.bpel.services.workflow.repos.Predicate object that allows clients to contrast two things essay, specify complex, SQL-like query predicates. Note: To use the task query service over SOAP, call Predicate.enableXMLSerialization(true); to make the predicate object serializable. This section describes the identity service component of Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Table. The identity service is a thin Web service layer on top of the Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure, namely OracleAS JAAS Provider (JAZN), or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of users and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. Some users and roles are automatically created when Oracle BPEL Process Manager is installed. Seeded users include: The identity service predefines the following roles, which can be granted to users to perform workflow-related operations: PUBLIC #x2014;This role is an implicit JAZN role; it does not need to contrast two things essay, be granted explicitly to any of the english, users. If any user can authenticate with the worklist, then they can see tasks assigned to them or groups they belong to and act on these tasks. The BPMPublic role can be used and explicitly granted to each user if a third-party provider does not support an contrast implicit PUBLIC role. BPMWorkflowReassign #x2014;This role enables a user to for composition, reassign tasks to any other user in the organization. A manager can always delegate tasks to any users under him in the organization hierarchy without any Reassign privileges. However, to reassign to users outside the management hierarchy, the BPMWorkflowReassign role is required. BPMWorkflowSuspend #x2014;This role enables users to suspend a process. If a process is suspended, then the expiration time does not apply. When the process is resumed, the expiration date is recomputed. Users cannot suspend the workflow if the contrast essay, process designer has designated Suspend as a restricted action, even if the word essay, user has the BPMWorkflowSuspend role. BPMWorkflowViewHistory #x2014;In general, a user can see only the task assignment sequence as part of their worklist. This role enables a user to drill down further into contrast essay, the BPEL business process audit trail from the task approval sequence. BPMWorkflowAdmin #x2014;This role enables a user to perform system actions on any workflow in the system. This role does not allow you to change the english dissertations, outcome of the compare contrast two things, task (such as approve or reject); it only allows you to perform actions such as delegate, escalate, and suspend. Only the task assignee or the task owner can change the outcome of the pakistan foreign policy, task. BPMSystemAdmin #x2014;Both BPMWorkflowAdmin and compare contrast essay, BPMSystemAdmin have the same level of workflow privileges. BPMDefaultDomainAdmin #x2014;This role provides a user with access to policy towards, the default domain through Oracle BPEL Control. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on configuring the identity service and additional details about the BPMSystemAdmin and compare essay, BPMDefaultDomainAdmin roles. Some of these roles are nested. By Nora. The BPMWorkflowReassign , BPMWorkflowSuspend , and BPMWorkflowViewHistory roles are granted to the BPMWorkflowAdmin role. The BPMSystemAdmin role is granted to the seeded bpeladmin user. The following table represents the relationship between the grantees and roles: You use directory-specific tools to create realms, users, or groups. For example: To create users and groups when using OID, you use the contrast essay, Oracle Delegated Administration Services tools. See Oracle Identity Management Guide to Delegated Administration for more information. To create user and group credentials when using the essays for composition class, XML-based JAZN provider, you use the JAZN Admintool to modify the jazn-data.xml file. To add or remove an XML-based JAZN user or role, the JAZN Admintool must be used. You can manually edit the users-properties.xml file to contrast essay, specify detailed user properties that JAZN does not support. For example, to add a user to a specified realm, issue the following command: java -jar jazn.jar -user adminUser -password adminPassword -adduser realmName newUser newUserPassword. The JAZN Admintool provides different command options. You can list all the options and their syntax with the pakistan foreign policy towards afghanistan, -help option, as in: java -jar jazn.jar -help. Compare Contrast Essay. If you are using a third-party LDAP server or a custom user repository, you must use the specific tools available for that directory. Essay Matrix. 15.12.5.2 Identity Service Providers. Oracle BPEL Process Manager identity service supports three types of providers: JAZN, third-party LDAP, or custom plug-in, as shown in Figure 15-36. Figure 15-36 Identity Service Providers. The identity service providers perform the following operations: Authentication#x2014;authenticates users given their username and password. Authorization#x2014;determines roles and group memberships for a specific user. These roles are then used to control access to various work items and operations on two things essay, the worklist. Retrieve user properties#x2014;includes contact information such as first name, last name, phone, e-mail, preferred notification channel, language preference, time zone, and organization details such as manager name and reportees. The JAZN provider mode, which is preconfigured, delegates all authentication and authorization inquires to the JAZN layer. Two JAAS providers are supplied as part of the OC4J security infrastructure: the XML-based file and LDAP-based OID. XML-Based JAZN Provider Type #x2014; The XML-based provider type is used for lightweight storage of information in the XML files. All the user names, roles, and foreign afghanistan, permissions are stored in XML files. In this case, user names, passwords, and privileges are stored in the jazn-data.xml file. In addition, Oracle BPEL Process Manager uses a user-properties.xml file that works in conjunction with this file to contrast, store detailed user properties such as name, e-mail, phone, and manager. LDAP-Based JAZN Provider Type (Oracle Internet Directory) #x2014; The LDAP-based provider type is based on the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) for centralized storage of information in a directory. OID is a standard LDAP-based directory that provides a single, centralized repository for all user data. It allows sites to manage user identities, roles, authorization, and authentication credentials, as well as application-specific preferences and profiles in a single repository. The third-party LDAP provider mode enables identity service to work with third-party LDAP servers such as Sun Directory Server (iPlanet), Microsoft Active Directory, or openLDAP. In this mode, identity service assumes that the directory is the central repository of all user data, including authentication credentials, roles, and profiles. The standard organizationalPerson , inetOrgPerson objects from the essay, LDAP schema retrieve these details. 15.12.5.2.3 Custom User Repository Plug-ins. This mode enables you to compare contrast two things, plug in a non-LDAP-based user repository by registering a custom identity service provider. The custom identity service plug-in must implement the BPMIdentityService interface (see Javadoc). This identityservice class name must be registered in is_config.xml . See SOA_Oracle_Home bpeldocsworkfloworacletippcservicesidentity for Javadoc on the BPMIdentityService interface. The identity service supports the following user properties : Given name, middle name, and last name. Home phone number. Mobile phone number. Owners (applies to groups and roles, but not users) Language preference (Java locale) Notification preference (preferred notification channel) The preceding properties are optional for Oracle BPEL Process Manager users. However, some features, such as task notification, are not available if the contact information is not present in the directory or in the users-properties file for the JAZN XML-based provider. Also, automatic escalation and essay, manager views are not available if the manager field is not available to compare two things, the identity service. If the user is essays class not listed among the owners of the compare contrast two things, group, they cannot modify the rule defined for ephron the group. The service configuration chapter of Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on compare two things essay, defining group ownership. The following OID objectClasses specify user and role properties such as mail , manager , and telephoneNumber . The identity service maintains a connection pool to retrieve these properties from the LDAP directory. If you are using the XML-based JAZN provider, the same entries are represented as XML elements in the users-properties.xml file in. The identity service enables you to specify multiple configuration settings (to express identity contexts, supported realms, and so on) in the is_config.xml file. The business process uses one of the defined configurations at run time. The configuration must specify the english dissertations, realm name to enable a business process to resolve the context at run time. For the JAZN provider, the realm name must match one of supported JAZN realm names. Otherwise, a run time exception is thrown. For the JAZN XML-based provider, extended user and role properties for different realms must be stored in different files. For the LDAP provider, the compare contrast essay, realm name can be any unique name, while the context is defined by the LDAP URL, user search base, and role search base nodes in the LDAP server tree. These properties are controlled by the connection , userControls , and roleControls provider elements in is_config.xml . Business Table. If the is_config.xml file contains more than one configuration, then one is defined as the default configuration. The default context is used by the BPEL process if no specific context information is found at run time. The identity service resolves the configuration context based on the realm name. The service configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for contrast essay configuration instructions. 15.12.5.5 Authentication, Authorization, and essay by nora, Identity Service Providers. The identity service supports authentication, authorization, and identity service providers. The identity service provider is the default pseudoservice provider. It must be defined for each configuration in the is_config.xml file. It delegates all calls either to the authentication or authorization service provider. By default, all three service providers share the contrast, same context setting defined in the identity provider.The identity service can define additional service providers with its own setting attributes for authentication or authorization services.If the provider service attribute is set to Authentication , the setting and business plan table, the provider context are used only for compare essay all authentication calls for the configuration. If the provider service attribute is set to Authorization , the a tok essay, setting and compare two things essay, provider context are used only for authorization calls. The multiple service providers section of the service configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for an example of a configuration with two providers: The JAZN XML-based identity service provider is used for all calls, except authentication. The custom plug-in provider is used only for authentication calls. The notification service exposes operations that can be invoked from the BPEL business process to send notifications through e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) channels. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on configuring notification service delivery channels. Task metadata service exposes operations to retrieve metadata information related to a task. Table 15-19 describes these methods. Essay. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.metadata corresponds to the task metadata service. Table 15-19 Task Metadata Service Methods. The user metadata service provides methods for managing metadata specific to individual users and groups. It is used for getting and setting user worklist preferences, managing user custom views, and managing workflow rules for users and groups. For most methods in the user metadata service, the authenticated user can query and update their own user metadata. Two Things Essay. However, they cannot update metadata belonging to other users. In the case of group metadata (for example, workflow rules for a tok groups), only a user designated as an owner of a group (or a BPMWorkflowAdmin user) can query and update the metadata for that group. Contrast Two Things Essay. However, a user that has been granted the BPMWorkflowAdmin role can query and essay by nora, update metadata for any user or group. Table 15-20 describes the methods in two things, the user metadata service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.user corresponds to the user metadata service. Table 15-20 User Metadata Service Methods. Chapter 16, Worklist Application for details about the rule configuration and user preference pages. The runtime config service provides methods for essay ephron managing metadata used in the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of task payload flex field mappings. The task object used by the task service contains a number of flex field attributes, which can be populated with information from the task payload. This allows the task payload information to be queried, displayed in task listings, and used in workflow rules. The runtime config service allows administrators to create mappings between simple task payload attributes and these flex field attributes. Only a user with the BPMWorkflowAdmin privilege can make updates to payload mappings. However, any authenticated user can use the query methods in this service. An administrator can create attribute labels for the various flex field attributes. These attribute labels provide a meaningful label for the attribute (for example, a label Location may be created for compare contrast the flex field attribute TextAttribute1 ). A given flex field attribute may have multiple labels associated with it. This attribute label is what is displayed to users when displaying lists of attributes for a specific task in the worklist application. Essay Matrix. The attribute labels for compare contrast two things essay a specific task type can be determined by calling the getTaskAttributesForTaskDefinition method on the task metadata service. When defining attribute labels, the following fields are automatically populated by the service. You do not need to specify values for these attributes when creating or updating attribute labels: Valid values for the task attribute field are as follows: TextAttribute1 through TextAttribute10. FormAttribute1 through FormAttribute5. UrlAttribute1 through UrlAttribute5. DateAttribute1 through DateAttribute5. NumberAttribute1 through NumberAttribute5. Mappings can then be created between task payload fields and essay story, the attribute labels. For example, the payload field customerLocation can be mapped to the attribute label Location . Compare Contrast Essay. Different task types can share the same attribute label. Word Essay Love. This allows payload attributes from different task types that have the same semantic meaning to be mapped to the same attribute label. Only payload fields that are simple XML types can be mapped. The runtime config service also provides methods for contrast querying the dynamic assignment functions supported by the server. Table 15-21 describes the by nora, methods in the runtime config service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.runtimeconfig corresponds to the runtime config service. Table 15-21 Runtime Config Service. 15.12.9.1 Internationalization of Attribute Labels. Attribute labels provide a method of attaching a meaningful label to a task flex field attribute. It can be desirable to present attribute labels that are translated into the appropriate language for the locale of the user. To achieve this, you can add entries to the WorkflowLabels.properties resource property file, and associated resource bundles in contrast, other languages. This file exists in essay by nora, the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Entries for flex field attribute labels must be of the form: For instance, the entry for a label named Location is: Note that adding entries to these files for attribute labels is optional. If no entry is present in the file, the name of the attribute label as specified using the API is used instead. 15.13 Configuring the Assignment Service. This section describes how to configure the assignment service. This section contains the following topics: 15.13.1 Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions select a particular user or group from contrast either a group, or from english a list of users or groups. The selection is made according to criteria specific to the particular dynamic assignment function. The three dynamic assignment functions shown in contrast two things, Table 15-22 are included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Table 15-22 Dynamic Assignment Functions. These functions all check a user's vacation status. A user that is currently unavailable is not automatically assigned tasks. These dynamic assignment functions can be called using the custom XPath functions in a BPEL process or task definition. These XPath functions must be called with at least two, and optionally more parameters: The name of the dynamic assignment function being called. Foreign Towards. The name of the group on which to execute the function (or a list of users or groups).(Optional) the identity realm to which the compare contrast two things essay, user or group belongs (default value is the for composition, default identity realm). Additional optional parameters specific to compare contrast, the dynamic assignment function. In the case of the most-productive assignment function, this is the length of time (in days) to calculate a user's productivity. The two other functions do not use additional parameters. In addition, workflow rules created for a group can use dynamic assignment functions to essays class, select a member of that group for reassignment of a task. Contrast Two Things. In addition to the three functions, a dynamic assignment framework is provided that allows you to implement and configure your own dynamic assignment functions. 15.13.1.1 Implementing a Dynamic Assignment Function. To implement your own dynamic assignment function, write a Java class that implements one or both of the word, following interfaces: If your dynamic assignment function selects users, implement the first interface. If it selects groups, implement the second interface. If it allows the selection of both users and groups, implement both interfaces. Contrast Two Things Essay. The two interfaces above both extend the interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicAssignmentFunction . Your Java class should also implement the methods in that interface. These interfaces as shown below: The dynamic assignment framework also provides the essay matrix, utility class oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.DynamicAssignmentUtils . This class provides a number of contrast two things essay methods that are useful when implementing dynamic assignment functions. 15.13.1.2 Configuring Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions are configured using the wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig directory. Each dynamic assignment function must have an entry in this file, in the form of a function tag. The function tag must contain two attributes: name #x2014; the name of the a tok matrix, function. classpath #x2014; the classpath of the class that implements the function. In addition, the compare contrast two things, function tag can optionally contain any number of property tags. A Tok Essay Matrix. These tags pass initialization parameters to the dynamic assignment function. Each property tag must contain a name attribute. Compare Two Things Essay. The value of the essays for composition, property is specified in the body of the tag. The property values specified in compare contrast two things, these tags are passed as a map (indexed by the value of the name attributes) to the setInitParameters method of the dynamic assignment functions. Two of the functions have initialization parameters. English. These are: ROUND_ROBIN #x2014; The parameter MAX_MAP_SIZE specifies the maximum number of sets of users or groups for which the function can maintain ROUND_ROBIN counts. The dynamic assignment function holds a list of users and groups in memory for each group (or list of users and groups) on which it is compare contrast two things asked to execute the ROUND_ROBIN function. most-productive #x2014; The parameter DEAFULT_TIME_PERIOD specified the length of business plan of contents example time (in days) over which to compare contrast essay, calculate the user's productivity. 1000 Word Essay Love. This value can be overridden when calling the most-productive dynamic assignment function. Two Things Essay. Use an XPath function by specifying an alternative value as the third parameter in the XPath function call. 15.13.1.3 Configuring Display Names for plan table of contents Dynamic Assignment Functions. The runtime config service provides methods for returning a list of available user and group dynamic assignment functions. These functions return both the name of the function, and a user-displayable label for the function. The functions support localization of the display name, so that it displays in the appropriate language for compare two things the context user. These functions are used by the worklist application to show a list of available dynamic assignment functions. English. To specify display names (and appropriate translations) for your dynamic assignment functions, add entries to the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties , and associated resource property files in contrast essay, other languages. Essays For Composition Class. This file exists in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Entries for dynamic assignment functions must be of the form: For instance, the entry for compare two things essay the ROUND_ROBIN function is: Note that adding entries to for composition, these files for dynamic assignment functions is optional. Contrast. If no entry is present in the file, then the name of the essays for composition, function (for example, ROUND_ROBIN ') is used instead. 15.13.2 Dynamically Assigning Task Participants with the Assignment Service. Workflow task participants are specified declaratively in a routing slip. The routing slip guides the workflow by specifying the participants and how they participate in compare two things essay, the workflow task (for example, management chain hierarchy, sequential list of approvers, and so on). There are scenarios where the business plan table of contents example, workflow task participants are computed dynamically using complex rules. To support such dynamic assignment, an assignment service is used. The assignment service is responsible for determining the task assignees. You can also implement your own assignment service and plug in that implementation for use with a particular workflow. This section contains the following topics: 15.13.2.1 Assignment Service Overview. The assignment service determines the following task assignment details in a workflow: The assignment when the task is initiated. The assignment when the task is reinitiated. The assignment when a user updates the task outcome. When the compare contrast two things, task outcome is updated, the task can either be routed to policy towards, other users or completed. The assignees from two things essay whom information for the task can be requested. If the task supports reapproval from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, a user can request information for reapproval. The users who reapprove the task if reapproval is supported. Pakistan Policy Towards. The workflow service identifies and compare essay, invokes the assignment service for a particular task to determine the task assignment. For example, a simple assignment service iteration is as follows: A client initiates an expense approval task whose routing is determined by the assignment service. The assignment service determines that the pakistan foreign towards, task assignee is jcooper . When jcooper approves the task, the assignment service assigns the task to jstein . The assignment service also specifies that a notification must be sent to the creator of the task, jlondon . jstein approves the task and compare contrast two things essay, the assignment service indicates that there are no more users to which to pakistan foreign policy afghanistan, assign the task. 15.13.2.2 Implementing an compare Assignment Service. The assignment service is implemented with the a tok, IAssignmentService interface. The workflow service passes the following information to the assignment service to determine the task assignment: Task document #x2014; The task document that is executed by the workflow. The task document contains the payload and other task information like current state, and so on. Compare. Map of properties #x2014; When an essay by nora assignment service is specified, a list of properties can also be specified to compare essay, correlate callbacks with backend services that determine the essay by nora, task assignees. Essay. Task history #x2014; The task history is a list of chronologically ordered task documents to trace the history of the task. The task documents in by nora, this list contain a subset of attributes in the actual task (such as state , updatedBy , outcome , updatedDate , and so on). 15.13.2.3 Example of Assignment Service Implementation. The assignment service class cannot be stateful because every time workflow services need to call the assignment service, it creates a new instance. The getAssigneesToRequestForInformation method can be called multiple times because one of the criteria to show the request-for-information action is that there are users to request information. Therefore, this method is called every time the workflow service tries to determine the permitted actions for a task. You can implement your own assignment service plug-in that the workflow service invokes during workflow execution. The following example provides a sample IAssignmentService implementation named TestAssignmentService.java . 15.13.2.4 Deploying a Custom Assignment Service. You must use one of the following methods to make an compare two things assignment service implementation class and its related classes available in the class path of Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Load your classes in plan of contents example, the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemclasses directory and unzip your JAR files in the same directory. Change the Oracle BPEL Process Manager shared library to include your JAR files. You cannot create different versions of the assignment service for use in different BPEL processes unless you change package names or class names. Compare Essay. Java classes and policy afghanistan, JAR files in the suitcase are not available in the class path and contrast two things, therefore cannot be used as a deployment model for the assignment service. The steps must be repeated for each node in business example, a cluster. The custom escalation function enables you to integrate a custom rule in a workflow. You create a custom task escalation function and register this with the workflow service that uses that function in task definitions. The Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor enables you to integrate the rule in a human task. Compare Essay. 15.14 Workflow Service and Identity Service Related XPath Extension Functions. Table Of Contents. Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides XPath extension functions for use with the workflow services and the identity service. XPath extension functions mimic XPath 2.0 standards. Table 15-23 lists the supported workflow service functions and Table 15-24 lists the supported identity service functions. Table 15-23 Workflow Service Functions. Table 15-24 Identity Service Functions. 15.14.1 Deprecated Workflow Service and Identity Service Functions. Table 15-25 lists the workflow and identity service functions that are deprecated for compare contrast this release. Table 15-25 Deprecated Workflow Service and business of contents example, Identity Service Functions. You can specify resource bundles for displaying task details in different languages in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In addition, the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties can be used for setting display names for the following: Dynamic assignment functions. Payload mapping attribute labels. This chapter describes how you can integrate systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow using Oracle BPEL Process Manager. The predefined workflow participant types are described, as are the compare contrast essay, components of a tok matrix workflow services#x2014;the task service, task routing service, identity service, worklist service, notification service, and others.

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    Cause And Effect Of Road Rage Essays and Research Papers. Susan Berg English 155 Mr. Campbell 10/20/2011 Cause and Effect Essay- Road . Rage In today’s society, it seems that there is an increasing amount of essay vehicles on the nations road ways, therefore, increasing the class, chances of road rage . Many people are moving to areas that more inclusive to their jobs, their children’s schools, or areas where housing is compare contrast two things essay, more affordable. This is towards afghanistan, adding to the chances that more and more people will become aggressive and compare essay, you will. Driver's license , Driving , Lane 857 Words | 3 Pages. Road rage is a major problem in the United States, anger causes stress, fear, and accidents to our roadways . everyday. A Tok Essay? In this essay we will define road rage , look at the causes and effects , and come up with solutions on how to avoid an altercation with an contrast essay, aggressive driver who has road rage and how to avoid being the a tok matrix, cause yourself. Anger is a large part of being human, it is an emotion just like any other and therefore it is hard to overcome. Contrast Two Things Essay? What people need to story realize though, is that just like. Aggression , Anger , Driving 1413 Words | 4 Pages.

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    Automobile , Driving , Education 1136 Words | 4 Pages. Gender Diffrences on the Road- Road Rage. Gender Differences On the Road Abstract Road rage is a form of aggressive behavior that effects . everyone on the road ways. Reports on road rage and aggressive driving show that nearly everyone who drives may display or be affected by such behavior. Males however, the staple of dissertations territorial and aggressive behavior, do appear to be larger perpetrators of compare contrast two things essay road rage than females. Studies comparing male and female levels of aggression and territorial behavior find that males are substantially more.

    Anger , Driving , Female 768 Words | 3 Pages. In this situation of road rage many laws were broken. The situation states that an old man and his wife pass the suspect’s car . on the highway while blowing his horn. The suspect become angry and starts tailing the couple, calling them derogatory names and pointing a handgun at essays them till they reach the couples house. The wife continuously tells the suspects that her husband has a heart problem. Compare Two Things? This did not matter to word essay love story the suspects and continued trying to fight the old man.

    The wife calls the. Automobile , Criminal law , Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution 1253 Words | 3 Pages. Scenario In September 2004, a young mother from compare two things, Brisbane was convicted over a road rage attack in which she bashed a truck . driver with an axe handle. She was found guilty of assault causing bodily harm while armed. She was sentenced to pakistan foreign policy afghanistan do 60 hours community service. She was also given two years probation and ordered to complete a driving course, but there was no mention of psychological treatment or intervention. Possible reasons behind why the young mother inflicted harm upon the truck driver. Attack , Attack! , Brain 1520 Words | 4 Pages.

    ? Cause and Effect essay 1. Cause and effect writing explains why an contrast essay, event happened or what the . 1000 Word Essay Love? consequences of such an essay, event. 2. A cause and effect essay can focus on causes , effect or both. Cause = reason, decision, because, Effect = is the result of those cause Practice: A shopping addiction has some serious effects . When you write a cause and effect essay, focus on english two main tasks. 1. Indicate whether you are focusing on causes , effects , or both. Compare Two Things? If you do decide to focus on both causes.

    Affect , Causality , Cosmological argument 574 Words | 2 Pages. ? Cause and Effect Of Deforestation People have been deforesting the essay, Earth for thousands of years, primarily to clear land for . crops or livestock. Two Things? Direct causes of deforestation are agricultural expansion, wood extraction; logging or wood harvest for domestic fuel or charcoal, and infrastructure expansion such as road building and urbanization. Rarely is by nora, there a single direct cause for deforestation. Usually there are multiple causes working together simultaneously to cause deforestation. The single. Agriculture , Amazon Rainforest , Deforestation 806 Words | 3 Pages. Road Rage The sun is setting as you put your car in drive, pulling out into bumper to bumper traffic. Two Things? As you sit with a . pounding headache trying to decompress from just another day, praying there will be a break in traffic so you can get home.

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    Topic: Road Rage brbrGeneral Purpose: To convincebrbrSpecific Purpose: To convince the audience to combat . Contrast Two Things? road rage by increasing driver awarenessbrbrThesis Statement: Road rage caused by aggressive driving tendencies is a growing epidemic affecting today's roadways, but there is a solution.brbrEthos: Include myself in word essay, my statements.brbrPathos: Audience should feel horrified at the consequences of road rage .brbrLogos: Cite statistics and two things, research resources.brbrbIntroduction/bbrbrI. 1918 , 1966 , Anger 1803 Words | 3 Pages. Cause and Effect of Price Wars When large sums of money are at stake, many companies bend and flex to their limits to dissertations . guarantee defeat over the competition. Sometimes they take a loss in one area for two things, a gain in another area. A Tok? There is a cause for every action the company makes, and in return for two things, their action there is an effect . Although the business of contents example, effect can sometimes be pre-determined, no one is really sure what the outcome is going to be until the time comes. There are millions of cars on. Bridgestone , Ford Explorer , Ford Motor Company 1013 Words | 3 Pages.

    ROAD bullying has been around since automobiles were invented and roads built to contrast essay enable people to move around in business plan table of contents, machines. Compare? But . ostensibly, road bullies don’t pick on everyone or even anyone at random. 1000 Story? They instinctively pick out and compare two things, bully the weakest – which is foreign towards, typical pack animal behaviour. Victims need to learn how to deal with their tormentors. Two Things Essay? Rather than protection from anyone else, what they need is education to stop being and word, acting like victims. According to one study, more than.

    Abuse , Automobile , Bullying 783 Words | 3 Pages. ? Cause and Effect To write a cause and effect essay, you’ll need to determine a scenario in which . one action or event caused certain effects to occur. Then, explain what took place and compare contrast, why. This essay allows us to identify patterns and explain why things turned out the way that they did. How do I choose a topic and get started?

    Try choosing a major event, either in your own life or an word story, event of historical significance. Compare Contrast? For example, The Great Depression. Cause of english dissertations The Great Depression: stock. Causality , Cosmological argument , Determinism 1425 Words | 3 Pages. Road Rage Each day hundreds of cars are sold in the U.S., and new drivers are introduced into contrast two things, the exiting world of . automotive. It is more than seventy five percent of the U.S. population that drives a car, polluting our highways of rubber and metal. These cars that can weight up to an average of three tons can be very dangerous, especially if not conducted with the respect it deserves. Because of essays for composition class this matter, a big concern that many drivers have to be careful with is something called Road . Accident , American novels , Automobile 744 Words | 2 Pages. Cause and Effect Background Although it is possible for one cause to lead to one effect , academic . Essay? subjects are rarely this simple. One cause can lead to more than one effect , for example heavy rain can cause landslides and flooding. A Tok Matrix? Also, more than one cause can lead to one or more effects , for example, eating too much pizza and two things essay, drinking too much coke for matrix, lunch can cause you to get fat and be late for class!

    Vocabulary and Grammar Cause - effect | Example Sentences | . because of. caused. Adjective , Causality , Grammar 711 Words | 3 Pages. 90 The Effects of Too Much Watching TV 1. There are some effects caused by too much watching TV. 2. The . effects of too much watching TV are explained as follows. 3. The following conditions can be the effects of compare contrast too much watching TV.

    4. In the following paragraphs, some effects of too much watching TV will be explained. Plan Table Of Contents? TMWTV causes our eyes get myopia. Therefore;It is strongly recommended to avoid TMWTV as it clearly damages the quality of our reading ability. It causes the watchers. Causality , Following , Television 687 Words | 3 Pages. Aggressive Driving Can Lead to Road Rage. front of you cut you off or wouldn't let you into the fast lane.

    In some cases it appears that incidents of road rage are caused . by simple misunderstandings between drivers. A driver may make a momentary error of contrast two things judgment but the perception of another driver is that he or she is driving aggressively. Essay Matrix? Then suddenly it turns into World War III on the highway. It matters little what causes it; a bad day at the office, a love affair going bad, credit cards maxed to the credit limit. All it takes. Aggressive driving , Automobile , Driver's license 1054 Words | 4 Pages. Road Rage Research Paper Road rage doesn't just happen in the United States or just to people you . don't know. Road rage is widespread it happens all over the world were cars are used it can happen to family members and friends. There are many different ways we can educate and help stop road rage occurrences. Some solutions would be to educate school students when they get their licenses. Also educate the public with billboards, commercials, radio commercials and others.

    To stop reoccurring road. Acts of the Apostles , Aggression , Anger 674 Words | 2 Pages. The Causes of Road Accidents in Malaysia. The Causes Of Road Accidents In Malaysia Time to time, half a million of Malaysians died because of road . accidents and the highest cases of compare contrast two things essay road accidents are caused by the drivers’ behaviour, equipment failure and the road conditions and infrastructure. Because of the essay ephron, road accidents many people have lose their family member or close friend. Compare Contrast Two Things? Besides, the road accidents also may effected to government when they have to repair for the broken infrastructure that caused by the accident like lamp. Accidents , Automobile , Road 1705 Words | 4 Pages. student 1 English 0324 MW8 September 14, 2013 Cause Effect . By Nora Ephron? paragraphs . Accident , Causality , Eye 257 Words | 4 Pages.

    Exercise and Its Effects on Learning Jennifer Bowden English 101 Erin Brescia May 26, 2013 1. Two Things Essay? 1. What is the cause or . effect you are analyzing in essay by nora, your thesis? How exercising effects learning 2. How have you explained the cause -and- effect relationship? Exercise causes the brain to compare two things create new cells and chemicals increasing the capability to essay story learn 3. Compare Two Things? Have I organized my causes and/or effects logically? Yes 4. Have I concluded my essay effectively? yes 5. Matrix? Identify one change you. Brain , Exercise , Human brain 771 Words | 3 Pages. organization.

    In some cases, the same group may be described as freedom fighters by its supporters and considered to be terrorists by its opponents. . Terrorism can actually be seen as a cry for contrast essay, attention, and our media give them just that. The causes and effects of terrorist attacks depend on foreign the motivation of an compare contrast, individual or an entire group. Nobody in their right senses would resort to terrorism. One of the main reasons for terrorism is 1000 word essay love, social and political injustice. People choose terrorism when. Aircraft hijacking , Domestic terrorism in the United States , Federal Bureau of Investigation 971 Words | 4 Pages. John Henderson Cause and Effect April 14, 2013 Cause and contrast, Effect of essay ephron being a student-athlete The . Compare? dedication and 1000 word love story, self-motivation required to balancing schoolwork and practice is the most difficult part of being a student-athlete. I find that being a student-athlete plays out to be much harder than most people think. It’s very difficult especially at the beginning of the year, when it finally hits you that you’re growing up and finally have to do your own laundry. Essay? You’re not only getting your-self.

    1122 Words | 3 Pages. The Effects from english dissertations, Drug Use, Drinking, and Smoking While Pregnant Women who are pregnant or wanting to become pregnant should not drink, smoke, . Compare Two Things? or abuse drugs. Abusing these substances could cause substantial harm and have serious side effects on the child from the time it is in essays for composition, the womb to post birth. Each of these harmful substances could entail damaging consequences if a child has exposure to them in compare essay, utero. This can lead to physical, emotional, learning, and social impairments for a child. . Childbirth , Fertility , Fetal alcohol syndrome 1190 Words | 4 Pages. Determining Causes and a tok matrix, Effects Determining Causes and Effects The majority of blood donors are . Compare Contrast Essay? middle aged due to by nora ephron advertising not being effective among youth donors. Young prospective first time donors, with their long-term donation potential, are especially attractive targets for blood agencies. Youth are often underrepresented in donor pools, however; persuading them to give blood may require specifically tailored marketing communication. The first cause of not being effective in advertising. Blood , Blood bank , Blood donation 1072 Words | 3 Pages.

    these problems particularly easy, it may not be so clear for men to see these troubles. Nature versus nurture, religion, and race are just a few of the contrast, . A Tok? problems that exist today for compare, an American female. Those are just a few of the thousands of causes and effects that one might see in American cultures. Since there are so many cultures living within one, it makes it extraordinarily hard to fit the image of the perfect American girl. Even if these ideas exist, the ones I can relate to the most are artificiality. Advertising , Boy , Female 866 Words | 3 Pages. STAGE 1: PREWRITING FREEWRITE OR BRAINSTORM 1. Freewrite or brainstorm about your topic. Use sense words. * Don’t worry about . grammar, logic, complete sentences, or grades. *NOTE: Since you are expanding your Cause and Effect Paragraph, you may want to use your actual paragraph as your freewrite. DO NOT REWRITE IT IF YOU CHOOSE THIS OPTION.

    Simply leave me a note. Essay Ephron? For example, “I used my paragraph.” Being Diagnosed with Diabetes Being diagnosed with diabetes had. Blood sugar , Carbohydrate , Diabetes 1371 Words | 5 Pages. Cause and Effect Analysis 1 A Cause and essay, Effect Metacognative Analysis . Bryan J. Critical Reading and Thinking, Section 409 March 11, 2010 Cause and Effect Analysis 2 Casual Metacognitive Analysis Introduction I am focusing on a tok the cause and effect genre in this paper to contrast two things inform the reader about steroids and how they have become a common phenomenon among athletes. What some people may not know are the essay, negative effects steroids have on a person’s intellectual/spiritual. Anabolic steroid , Anabolism , Androgen 2064 Words | 6 Pages. The entire human species is compare contrast two things, unique in essays for composition, it’s own way. So why do we strive to be like each other? Why do we constantly cause pain and hurt to contrast our . own self esteem to try and be like someone we could never be? What causes a negative self image in a person?

    There is general societal concern about what causes low self-esteem and how it will affect future generations. The most common causes of a negative self image include: the media, family, peers and abuse from the present or past. During adolescence. Body image , Bullying , Conceptions of self 1192 Words | 4 Pages. Bad Drinking Habits: Causes and Effects Drinking is something that majority of a tok essay grown people, and even youngsters, would do . for fun. It is contrast two things essay, really a mind thing that would occur in these human beings. Although drinking could be very fun, there are people that would drink for dissertations, negative purposes. Some causes of bad drinking habits are having stressful problems, and just being influenced by two things others that would drink a lot. If people don’t have self-control of their drinking habits, it can become something.

    Alcohol abuse , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 1018 Words | 3 Pages. Cause and Effect Eating Disorders What causes somebody to have an obsession with becoming so thin that it could . seriously harm their body? Eating disorders are becoming an increasing problem. Essay By Nora Ephron? Women as well as men are falling into the trap of believing the idea that we all need to look like the people on television. It is estimated that eight million Americans can be associated with an compare contrast essay, eating disorder, seven million of essays for composition that population is female and the other one million is two things essay, male (Broccolo-Philbin. Anorexia nervosa , Body dysmorphic disorder , Body shape 1728 Words | 5 Pages. Patrick Gallagher Professor Adams College Composition December 4, 2009 Cause and Effect of Lying “The whole truth . and nothing but the truth.” If these were words to live by example then the whole world would be in trouble. Two Things? Living in this imperfect world, we are surrounded by english people who lie and who have an infatuation with lying.

    There is compare two things essay, nothing that you can do to stop it. It is a natural human behavior to essays for composition keep yourself out of trouble, and compare contrast, lying to protect yourself is a tool that everyone. Lie , Pseudologia fantastica 1169 Words | 3 Pages. Unit 3 Individual Project ENGL106-1004A-53 : English Composition I Cause and for composition class, Effect September 12, 2010 . Abstract In this paper I will explain the cause and effect of music censorship. This is a very touchy subject all over the world and especially in the music industry. Censorship is a practice that restricts what a person can and cannot say. Compare Contrast? Particularly. Al Sharpton , Barack Obama , Censorship 907 Words | 3 Pages. Morons in Miami (and Other Cities and Countries, but Mostly Miami): Analysis of Dave Barry’s “ Road Warrior” While driving on any . road in foreign policy towards afghanistan, America, and perhaps any other road on earth, motorists are not calm, not cool, not collected. They disobey the compare two things essay, rules of the for composition, road by compare driving slowly in the left-hand lane; they disobey the 1000 word story, rules of the road by trailing in extremely close vicinity behind the drivers ahead of them (so close that their front bumper occasionally collides with the alleged normal driver’s. Cart , Driving , English-language films 1064 Words | 3 Pages.

    saying if you have been accepted or not. Contrast? (36) 8/12 Social stress has the dissertations, least amount effect on students. (9) It tends to build up to where it . is actually hard to deal with. (14) One thing that some people don’t realize that causes stress is fashion and trying to contrast essay fit in. (17) Some students worry too much about what they’re going to essay ephron wear just so they will be able to fit in with everyone else. (23) Friends also cause stress. (4) You may love them to contrast essay death but sometimes all the gossip and drama stresses. College , Education , High school 967 Words | 3 Pages. without even seeing snow? Well the essay by nora, way the atmosphere is compare contrast essay, heating up today you just might experience this kind of event in the future I chose to do my . cause and by nora, effect paper on global warming because I believe it has a major impact on humans, not only today, but especially in the future. In this paper I am going to explain the causes and the effects of compare essay global warming and how it will impact our lives in the long run. Greenhouse gases are gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and.

    Aerosol spray , Atmosphere , Carbon dioxide 938 Words | 3 Pages. Effects And Causes Of Sound Pollution. jarring and harmful for the ears. It can cause sleep disruption. Pakistan Policy? It can also cause deafening. The machinery and generators, . mobiles have a great impact on central nervous system of the humans.The causes of compare noise pollution are many. In rural areas, trains and airplanes’ noise can disturb wildlife habits. In urban areas, one of the business plan table of contents, major sources of noise pollution is the traffic noise.

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